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Bosnia and Herzegovina

Yearbook 2007

2007 Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnia and Herzegovina. In January, Bosnian Legion Nikola Špiric was commissioned to form a coalition government following the All-Bosnian parliamentary elections held in October. Špiric's predominantly Bosnian Serbian Independent Social Democrats' party, SNSD, had made strong progress in the election. Parliament approved the new seven-party government in February.

In the same month, the international community decided to extend its direct involvement in the rule of Bosnia and Herzegovina for one year from the end of the year, when the "High Representative's" mandate would otherwise have expired. The outside world had, through its envoy, supervised the country since the end of the war in 1995. The reason for the extension was that Bosnia and Herzegovina was considered too unstable and the ethnic contradictions overloaded to completely surrender to Bosnian politicians. The risk was also considered great for new outbreaks of violence if Kosovo were to become independent from Serbia. Both from Bosnian Serb and Serbia itself signaled that an independent Kosovo, dominated by ethnic Albanians, would motivate a connection of the Serbian-dominated Bosnian Republic of Serbia to Serbia.

2007 Bosnia and Herzegovina

From 1 July, Slovakian Miroslav Lajcak became the "high representative" of the international community, after the German Christian Schwarz-Schilling.

In October, Lajcak decided to change the voting rules for the government, so that a simple majority would suffice to pass a resolution. Thus, the representatives of the various peoples groups could no longer cripple the decision-making process by boycotting voting. The deadlock prevailed on several issues that were important for Bosnia and Herzegovina's continued approach to the EU, including the creation of a united, national police force.

According to CountryAAH, many Bosnian serbs saw Lajcak's rule change as directly aimed at the interests of their own people. In protest of the measure, Prime Minister Špiric filed his resignation on November 1, and other Bosnian rebels in the government threatened to resign as well. The country was in its most difficult political crisis since the end of the war. After a few weeks, however, leaders of all three peoples managed to agree to still accept Lajcak's reforms. This eliminated an obstacle in the negotiations with the EU on a Stabilization and Association Agreement. In December, Bosnia and Herzegovina received enlargement commissioner Olli Rehn's initials on the agreement, as the last country among the former Yugoslav republics.

Former Bosnian Serb commander Dragomir Milosevic was sentenced in December to 33 years in prison by the United Nations War Criminal Tribunal in The Hague for terrorizing the people of Sarajevo during the 1990s siege. Earlier in the year, Zdravko Tolimir, number three on the list of wanted from the war who was still on the loose, was arrested. Tolimir, suspect among others. for the massacre in Srebrenica, was handed over to The Hague.

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