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Cyprus

Yearbook 2007

Cyprus. On March 9, Cypriot authorities demolished the concrete wall that had divided the capital of Nicosia since the Turkish invasion of the island in 1974. EU Enlargement Commissioner Olli Rehn called the demolition "brave". Foreign Minister Giorgio Lillikas called on the Turkish Cypriot side to respond to the outcry, saying that the transition between both parts of the city would not be open to the public until Turkey had withdrawn its soldiers from the area.

2007 Cyprus

According to CountryAAH, the largest party in the country's governing tripartite government, the Communist Workers Progress Party (AKEL), left the government on July 10 since the party's government partner, the Democratic Party Center and the Social Democratic EDEK, had refused to support AKEL's candidate for the 2008 presidential election, AKEL- leader Demetris Christofias. Instead, DIKO and EDEK supported the incumbent President Tassos Papadopoulos.

In February, the Government of Cyprus invited foreign companies to tender for oil and gas extraction in the sea south and west of the island. Turkey protested, claiming that Cyprus did not have the right to sign agreements on deposits that lay within the waters claimed by the self-proclaimed Turkish Cypriot Republic of Northern Cyprus.

The widespread poaching in Cyprus was noticed in the fall since more than 50 evening falcons, a species that is protected throughout the EU, were found shot dead in the Akrotiri peninsula in early October.

Cyprus - Nicosia

Nicosia

Nicosia, Greek Leukosiʹa, Neo- Greek Levkosia, Turkish Lefkosa, capital of Cyprus; 217,600 residents (2009). Nicosia is located on the Messori plain, about 20 km from the island's north coast. Business is dominated by trade, administration and light industry, e. g. food and textile industry. The city's main attractions are the Gothic Cathedral of Saint Sofia and the Cyprus Museum with many archaeological finds. The 1974 Turkish invasion divided the city into two parts, interrupting it during the 1950s and 1960s, very rapid growth.

In ancient times, the city was called Ledra. It belonged to the Byzantine Empire in 1191, then the Crusader Kingdom of Cyprus in 1489, Venice in 1571, the Ottoman Empire in 1878 and the United Kingdom in 1959–60. Nicosia became the capital of Cyprus in 1960.

 

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