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El Salvador

Yearbook 2007

El Salvador. The year was news-dominated by El Salvador's foreign policy relations. A minor diplomatic crisis first broke out between El Salvador and Guatemala in February as three Salvadoran parliamentarians visited Guatemala City murdered by four Guatemalan police officers. President Antonio ("Tony") Saca indignantly demanded immediate action to investigate the background. In October, he also accused Venezuela's President Hugo Chávez of intervening in El Salvador's internal affairs by encouraging Venezuelan model formation of so-called Bolivarian circles intended to strengthen grassroots democracy.

According to CountryAAH, President Saca took a tour of the Middle East to greet the 380 Salvadoran soldiers participating in peacekeeping and humanitarian missions in Iraq. The opposition has been strongly critical of El Salvador being the only Latin American country with military in Iraq, and Saca is the only head of government alongside George W. Bush and Tony Blair who made a similar visit.

2007 El Salvador

In January 2007, inmates in one of the country's high-security prisons came to battle, and at least 21 were killed. The clash happened between members of different gangs.

In August, the OAS launched a review of El Salvador's electoral rolls to ensure a fairer presidential election in 2009. At the previous year's parliamentary elections, the FMLN had criticized the electoral rolls that allowed dead and residents of neighboring countries to vote. At the January 2009 parliamentary elections, the FMLN rose 3 seats, gaining 42.6% of the vote against ARENA's 38.55%. In February, two candidates for the presidential election withdrew when it became clear that they had no chance of winning. Therefore, in the March elections, only FMLN candidate, TV journalist Mauricio Funes and ARENA candidate Rodrigo Ávila participated. Funes won with 51.32% of the vote and the former guerrilla movement FMLN could take over the presidential post. Funes' vice president was Salvador Sánchez Cerén. He was in 1970 '

Funes was deployed to the presidential post on June 1 and one of his first steps was to resume diplomatic relations with Cuba. They had been discontinued for 50 years according to US claims. Subsequently, there have been only gradual changes in the country's foreign policy.

In December, Arena excluded its former president Antonio Saca. Saca brought in 11 other Arena MPs and formed Ghana to serve as support for the FMLN government. Ghana has later withdrawn some members from the Arena and now has 16 seats in parliament against Arena 19 and FMLN's 35.

In November 2009, the country was hit by Hurricane Ida, causing significant devastation in Cuscatlán, San Salvador and San Vicente.

On the 30th anniversary of March 2010 for the assassination of Archbishop Romero, President Funes apologized on behalf of the Salvadoran state. It was a state death patrol that in March 1980 assassinated Romero during a trade show in San Salvador.

Since its inception, Funes has undertaken numerous social reforms to combat poverty and inequality. In particular, the government has focused on combating poverty in the country's poorest areas, abolished the payment for medical care and health in general, introduced free shoes, uniforms and meals to the country's schoolchildren, handed land to many hundreds of poor families, introduced monthly scholarships and job training to those who live in extreme poverty and have introduced public pension. It has also made substantial investments in schools, teacher salaries have been raised and programs have been implemented to combat illiteracy. Local health care programs have also been introduced. The President has also issued a decree banning discrimination based on gender or sexual orientation within the public. In addition, two working groups have been set up to ensure better conditions and representation for the country's indigenous population.

In 2011, the government initiated the preparation of a national plan and strategy for dealing with climate change. In June 2012, a national environmental policy was launched and in June 2013 a national environmental strategy. Both plans contain elements to address the challenges facing global climate change in El Salvador. In the 21st century, the country has been exposed to both periods of drought and floods, which in both cases have destroyed agricultural production.

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