Guinea Bissau. According to
CountryAAH, Former Navy chief Mohamed Lamine Sanha,
who was accused of planning a coup against the government in
2006, was murdered outside his home in the capital in
January. Former Prime Minister Carlos Gomes Júnior accused
in radio president Joăo Bernardo Vieira of being involved in
the act and accused him of wanting to gain access to people
involved in the coup against him in 1999. Gomes Júnior
claimed his life was in danger and fled to UN premises in
Bissau. He remained there for two weeks until a restraining
order against him was withdrawn.
On March 20, Prime Minister Aristides Gomes lost a vote
of no confidence in Parliament. He resigned nine days later
and was replaced by Martinho Ndafa Kabi of PAIGC (African
Independence Party of Guinea and Cape Verde). Kabi then
formed a four-party government. His own party had split
during the 2005 presidential election, when one faction
supported Vieira and one opposed him.
In July, Vieira announced that parliamentary elections
would be held at the same time as the 2009 presidential
election, a year later than planned. He motivated this with
the need to reduce the cost of holding elections and to make
them better organized.
More and more reports came about that G. had become a
transit country for the smuggling of cocaine between Latin
America and Europe. The smugglers often took advantage of
uninhabited islands in the Bijagós archipelago. It was
questioned what had happened to a large seizure of several
hundred kilos of cocaine made in 2006. The then Prime
Minister Aristides Gomes claimed that he had ordered the
drugs to be burned. According to the UN Drugs and Crime
Agency, UNODC, large quantities of cocaine had been found in
April at a military airport.
In September, the International Journalism Federation
(IFJ) accused the government of harassing journalists who
reported on the drug trade. Journalists had accused
high-ranking people, including in the military, of being
involved in traffic.