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Yearbook 2007

Lesotho. In the February parliamentary elections, ruling Lesotho conquered Congress for Democracy (LCD). According to CountryAAH, of the 80 direct-elected seats, 61 were granted LCD, while the All Basotho Convention (ABC) received only 17 seats. ABC was formed in the autumn of 2006 by former Foreign Minister Tom Thabane after resignation from LCD. He got 17 other MPs with him, which led to the government remaining with the smallest possible majority and preferring to announce rapid new elections.

2007 Lesotho

Another 40 parliamentary seats were distributed according to a proportional system. A majority of these were awarded to the National Independent Party (NIP), which shortly before the election entered into an alliance with LCD against the party leader's will. The opposition strongly objected to how the mandate was distributed and demanded that NIP's seats be given to the party leader and the members around him who opposed the alliance with LCD. Strikes and violent protests occurred sporadically throughout the rest of the year and the regional cooperation organization appointed Botswana's former president Ketumile Masire to mediate.

In parallel with the political crisis, Lesotho was hit by the most severe drought in 30 years. Food production decreased by 40 percent and the problems were compounded by the severe AIDS epidemic, which is estimated to have affected every fourth adult, causing a shortage of agricultural workers.

Lesotho - Maseru


Maseru, capital of Lesotho; 330,800 residents (2016). Maseru, the country's only urban center of importance, is located 1,506 meters above sea level near the border with the Free State Province of South Africa. The city is connected to South Africa's railway network for the transport of goods and labor.

Maseru was founded in 1869 by the base chick Moshoeshoe I. The city has its own university since 1975.


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