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Lithuania

Yearbook 2007

Lithuania. According to CountryAAH, Parliament decided in April that more former Soviet KGB employees would be banned from holding public services. Previously, the prohibition on occupations was for KGB officers, but the new law also included former reservists. However, President Valdas Adamkus vetoed the law, which included would have meant that the security service's incumbent manager lost his job.

2007 Lithuania

Signs from Moscow came in the summer that Russia may place robotic weapons in Kaliningrad west of Lithuania in response to US plans for robotic defenses in Poland and the Czech Republic. The idea, voiced by First Deputy Prime Minister Sergei Ivanov, caused concern in L.A.

Otherwise, the security policy debate in Lithuania during the year was mostly about energy security and the need to make the country independent of Russian energy sources. Since the large Lithuanian oil refinery Mažeikių naphtha in 2006 was sold to Polish interests, Russian oil supplies were abandoned. According to Russia, this was due to a technical fault in the pipeline through Belarus, but in Lithuania the oil shutdown was seen as a political decision due to Russian interests not being allowed to buy Mažeikių.

The Lithuanian electricity grid is also connected to Belarus and Russia, and Lithuania fears becoming dependent on Russian electricity when the last reactor at the Ignalina nuclear power plant will be closed in 2009 according to EU safety requirements. The Government therefore emphasized that Lithuania wishes to link the Lithuanian electricity grid with the Swedish as soon as possible through a cable under the Baltic Sea.

Lithuania has long hoped for a link to Poland, but it has been delayed due to disagreement between the countries. Lithuania also plans to build a new modern nuclear reactor in Ignalina in collaboration with Latvia, Estonia and Poland, but even there the neighboring countries disagree and the project is uncertain. Lithuania therefore appealed during the year for the opportunity to renegotiate the agreement with the EU and extend the life of the current reactor. This was rejected by the EU.

In its quest to reduce dependence on Russian energy, Lithuania and four other countries in eastern Europe decided in October to form a consortium to transport crude oil from the Caspian Sea. In addition to Lithuania included Poland, Ukraine, Georgia and Azerbaijan.

Vilnius

Vilnius, capital of Lithuania; 536,700 residents (2018). Situated at the confluence of the rivers Naria and Vilnija in the south-east of the country, Vilnius is the administrative, cultural and economic center of Lithuania. Despite its peripheral location, good road, rail and aviation connections contribute to making the city the country's most important hub for domestic and international transport. Education and research, with universities (founded in 1579) and several other colleges, contribute to Vilnius' dominance in Lithuania's social life. The business sector is diversified, with an industry mainly built up during the Soviet period for the manufacture of machinery equipment, electrical engineering products, textiles and clothing, consumer goods and food. The city is also the archbishop's seat.

Architecture and cityscape

Vilnius's city plan has been determined by yesterday's and today's ideas of adaptation to the geographical location and the surrounding nature. Since the construction of the city's defensive walls was completed in 1522, the town plan for a long time was given an irregular radial and ring shape. The Old City, UNESCO classified as a World Heritage site, houses many significant buildings from different eras but is particularly rich in Baroque works. Among these, Peter and Paul Church with their more than 2,000 figure sculptures occupy a special position. One of the foremost works of classicism in Vilnius is the former Cathedral of St. Stanislaus. The center, which was erected during the 19th century and early 1900s, has a regular but fairly free composition, with most buildings exhibiting a style shaped by 1880s historicism and 1900s various variations on rationalism. Around the center, The old city and the former suburbs have been incorporated into new large areas from the mid-20th century. There are 238 culturally marked architectural and 8 urban monuments in Vilnius.

 

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