Moldova. According to
CountryAAH, Russia's trade boycott of Moldova in 2006 put the
country in a difficult economic position. Moscow threatened
with continued wine embargo and raised energy prices unless
Moldova acknowledged the Russian-speaking breakaway Republic of Transnistria as an equal part of a federation, where Russian
troops would stay for good. But just before New Year, the EU
and other donors decided to offer Moldova equivalent to SEK 9
billion over three years to develop education, legal
systems, health care, agriculture, infrastructure, etc. It
was twice as much money as the Moldovan state budget. Half
will be given as loans and half as grants, and the money
will be paid out as reforms are implemented.
In the New Year, neighboring Romania became a member of
the EU and the Union's external border was drawn against Moldova,
who thus lost his favorable trade agreement with Romania. In
addition, visa restrictions were imposed on Romania, and the
Romanian embassy in Moldova's capital Chişinău was flooded with
visa applications from Moldavians studying or working in
Romania. More than two-thirds of all Moldavians speak
Romanian and many have relatives in the neighboring country.
More than half a million Moldavians applied for Romanian
citizenship before and in connection with Romania's entry
into the EU. Citizenship is given to Moldavians whose
parents or grandparents were Romanian citizens before 1940,
when M. was part of Romania. It is also required that the
applicant must have lived in Romania for four years.
Romania wanted to open two new consulates in Moldova to handle
all the applications, but the Moldovan government said no.
The relationship between the neighboring countries
deteriorated and Moldova expressed suspicions that Romania's
intention is not only to bring in new citizens but also to
re-incorporate Moldova in Romania - an old dispute between the
During the year, Russia suspended the implementation of
the so-called CFE agreement on conventional military forces
in Europe. The agreement, which was signed in 1999 and
limits the size of conventional forces in Europe, has been
signed by Russia, while NATO countries have refused and
demanded that Russia first withdraw its military from
Georgia and Moldova.
Moldova - Chisinau
Chișinău [kiʃinə u ʹ], Chisinau, Moldova's capital;
493,000 residents (2014). Chișinău, located on the Dnestr tributary Byk, is the
country's leading industrial center with the emphasis on lighter engineering and
food industries. The city has universities (founded in 1945), a science academy,
research institutes and several higher education institutions.
Chişinău, first mentioned in 1466, came during the Ottoman Empire at the end
of the 14th century. The city went to Russia in 1812, was Romanian in 1918-40
and 1941-44 and then Soviet until the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991.