Peru. The most overwhelming event in Peru during the year
was that 69-year-old former president Alberto Fujimori was
extradited from Chile in September, where he surprisingly
arrived in 2005 after five years of exile in Japan to stand
for presidential election in Peru in 2006. According to
CountryAAH, Fujimori was
immediately placed in a special prison outside Lima. The
deciding factor for the Chilean court's decision was the
evidence in the case of the massacres of La Cantuta and
Barrios Altos carried out by paramilitary Squadron Colina
with Fujimori as the ultimate responsible. He faces 30 years
in prison for his participation in the act. He is also
charged with violations of human rights, bribery, illegal
telephone interception and having known several kidnappings
and disappearances during his ten-year presidential term
between 1990 and 2000.
Already on December 12, the first verdict against
Fujimori fell. Peru's highest court then sentenced him to
six years in prison and the equivalent of $ 135,000 in fines
for abuse of power in connection with the events in 2000
that led to his departure and escape. About a quarter of the
electoral corps still supports Fujimori.
For President Alan García, Fujimori's return meant both a
triumph and a burden. Fujimori himself stated in 1992 that
he wanted the then fugitive García back to Peru "dead or
alive", and now the roles were changed. On the other hand,
García is politically dependent on Fujimori's support party
Alianza para el Futuro, in which Fujimori's daughter Keiko
plays a leading role. García's major political project
during the year was otherwise the so-called Pacific Arch
(Arco Pacífico), a block of countries along America's west
coast from Canada to Chile, which García wants to see as an
opportunity instead of ALBA (the Bolivian alternative for
the American countries) launched by Venezuela's Hugo Chávez.
A major earthquake that measured 7.9 on the Richter scale
hit southern Peru on August 15. Over 500 people lost their
lives and 80,000 became homeless in the Ica agricultural
region, and several large aftershocks also killed victims.
The worst hit was the city of Pisco, where 300 people died
and 85 percent of the city's buildings were destroyed, among
others. the multi-hundred-year-old church of San Clemente.