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Yearbook 2007

Rwanda. According to CountryAAH, the French counterpart to the Migration Court in February rejected an asylum application from Agathe Habyarimana, widow of Rwanda's former president Juvénal Habyarimana. The reason for the rejection was that she may have been responsible for genocide, which the Rwandan government claimed without hearing since she was given protection in France in 1994. An organization for survivors of the genocide filed a lawsuit against her in a French court. Rwanda requested her extradition and facilitated the possibility of it by abolishing the death penalty in July. About 800 people had their death sentences converted to life imprisonment.

2007 Rwanda

The UN-backed War Criminal Court (ICTR) in Arusha, Tanzania, which needs to be relieved, submitted a case to another country for the first time in April. Michel Bagaragaza, former head of the national tea industry, will be investigated in the Netherlands. ICTR also requested to file a case with Rwanda, despite Amnesty International warning of flaws in the Rwandan legal system.

Two genocide suspects who had been wanted by ICTR were arrested in France in July but were released on orders by a court on the grounds that the arrest warrant was incorrectly filled. However, a third Rwandan arrested in France was considered to be extradited to ICTR.

In Belgium, a Rwandan former major was sentenced to 20 years in prison for the murder of ten Belgian UN soldiers at the beginning of the genocide. However, he was acquitted of also assassinating Prime Minister Agathe Uwilingiyimana. The murders of the UN soldiers caused the UN to greatly reduce its strength in Rwanda, and Belgian Prime Minister Guy Verhofstadt admitted during the trial that thousands of lives could have been spared if the UN troops had stayed.

Former President Pasteur Bizimungu was released from prison after serving just under three years of a 15-year sentence. He was convicted of racial incitement, embezzlement and conspiracy with criminals.

Together with Burundi and Congo (Kinshasa), Rwanda decided to revive cooperation in the Economic Community of the Greater Sealands (CEPGL), which has been down for 13 years, and in June it was announced that Rwanda and Burundi will become members of the East Africa Community. In November, an agreement was signed with Congo (Kinshasa) on joint work to stop the ravages of irregular militias in neighboring eastern provinces.

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