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Saint Kitts and Nevis

2007 Saint Kitts and Nevis

According to CountryAAH, the island of Liamuiga - "the fertile land" in the language of the Caribbean (the people who originally inhabited the island) - was christened San Cristóbal by Columbus during his second voyage to America in 1493. Yet, it was not until 1623 that Europeans colonized the island when adventurer Thomas Walker made it the first British settlement in the Caribbean. The neighboring island of Nevis was colonized 5 years later. The original Native American population was rapidly exterminated and the British set up plantation operations, in particular producing sugar cane with slave labor from Africa.

After many conflicts between France and the UK over the rights to Kitts and Nevis, together with other Caribbean islands with the Treaty of Versailles from 1783, were made into British colony.

In the context of the decolonization process that unfolded after World War II, the islands initially gained full internal autonomy, while foreign policy and defense were still in the hands of the British. At the same time, they became part of the Association of West Indies. Until 1980, the island of Anguila was part of the ministry state, but it withdrew, became independent and government power was henceforth carried out by a prime minister and a parliament elected by universal suffrage.


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