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Serbia

Yearbook 2007

Serbia. In January, a new parliamentary election was announced in the autumn, after a party withdrew from the government coalition. Most votes were given to the Serbian Radical Party (SRS), but more moderate parties did not want to co-operate with the ultranationalist party. After lengthy negotiations, three parties formed government in May. The coalition included President Boris Tadić's West-friendly Democratic Party (DS), the moderate Nationalist Serbia Democratic Party (DSS), and the reform-minded liberal G17 Plus. DSS leader Vojislav Koštunica retained the post of prime minister.

According to CountryAAH, the new government was considered Europe-oriented and in June the EU resumed negotiations on a cooperation agreement. The talks had been put on ice a year earlier because Serbia had not been considered to make enough efforts to arrest Ratko Mladić, the commander of the Bosnian Serbs during the war in Bosnia. Mladić was still on the loose, but a contributing factor to the resumption of talks was that Serbia helped to secure Zdravko Tolimir, a close associate of Mladić. Tolimir, suspect among others. for the 1995 Bosnian Srebrenica massacre, was arrested at the border between Bosnia and Serbia and handed over to the War Criminal Tribunal in The Hague.

Serbia had also been released by the International Court of Justice in The Hague (ICJ) from charges of direct participation in genocide in connection with the war in Bosnia in the 1990s. Bosnia had sued Serbia for violating the UN Genocide Convention. However, the court considered that Serbia violated international law by not preventing the genocide of Muslims in Srebrenica.

Twelve people were sentenced in March for the 2003 murder of Serbia's then Prime Minister Zoran Đjinđjić, a murder which shook the country in its foundations. The brain behind the murder of Milorad Luković and Zvezdan Jovanović, who fired the shots, both received 40 years in prison. All the others also received long prison sentences, but five of them were sentenced in their absence.

In November, the European Commission formally gave the go-ahead to begin the work of signing a Stabilization and Association Agreement with Serbia, which is considered the first step towards EU membership.

Trial of Nationalist Party SRS leader Vojislav Šešelj resumed in November at the War Criminal Tribunal in The Hague. It had begun a year earlier but was immediately interrupted when the accused hunger strike. Šešelj, who has been detained since 2003, was charged with crimes against humanity and for whipping up hatred of non-Serbs through extreme nationalist propaganda during the 1990s war.

2007 Serbia

In March 2016, the war crimes tribunal for the former Yugoslav slave (ICTY) acquitted the international nationalist Vojislav Šešelj for, among other things. war crimes. He chaired the Radical Party of Serbia and was elected to parliament at the April elections.

In April 2016, Croatia decided to veto the EU Commission's plans for accession negotiations with Serbia. Thus, the country effectively blocked Serbia's entry. In July, Croatia's Foreign Minister laid down 5 conditions for the resumption of negotiations.

During US Vice President Joe Biden's official visit to the country in August, he condoned those killed during the 1999 US and NATO bombings of the country. However, regardless of conditions, Croatia's goal was to keep Serbia out.

Hundreds of police officers guarded the pride parade in Belgrade in September. The result was that, unlike the previous ones, the parade was not assaulted by right-wing thugs.

120,000 refugees came through Serbia in 2016. A drastic reduction compared to the previous year. The reason was that from the beginning of 2016, the Balkan countries began to close their borders. In July, Serbia posted border patrols at the border with Bulgaria. 12,000 applied for asylum in the country, but by the end of the year, less than 20 had been granted asylum.

Aleksandar Vučić of the Progressive Party was elected 55.1% of the new president in the first round of the April 2017 elections. In the second place, independent Saša Janković got 16.4% of the vote. Up until the election, Vučić and his party had totally dominated the media, and the result sparked protests across the country. In 8 constituencies, the election was due to irregularities, but it was unable to enrich the result. At his inauguration in May, the newly elected president declared he would continue the country's military neutrality and cooperation with both NATO and Russia.

 

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