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Yearbook 2007

Suriname. According to CountryAAH, a UN committee set up to resolve the protracted border dispute between Suriname and Guyana came on September 21 with its ruling; both countries received half of the disputed offshore land area, where large oil deposits are believed to exist. Both governments said they were happy with the results, but Guyana is believed to have received most of the oil deposits. Another border conflict came to light in July when a Native American protest protested that the French army had prevented Indians from fishing in an area on the border between Suriname and French Guiana. Both countries claim rights to the area, but France has unilaterally created a 2 million hectare national park there.

2007 Suriname

In May 1991, elections to the National Assembly were held, won by the New Front (NF) - a broad coalition of bourgeois parties and ethnic groups opposed to the military regime, represented by the NDP. The NF proposed the resumption of relations with the Dutch government and the expansion of economic relations the former colonial power.

Through 1991, leading military people in the Bouters regime were accused by Dutch and North American sources of being involved in drug trafficking. Spokesmen from both The Hague and Washington separately announced their readiness to intervene militarily in the country "if the new government - elected in May and deployed in September - would ask for it." International observers warned of the gravity of these communications, citing the experience of Grenada and Panama.

On September 16, 1991, Ronald Venetiaan, the leader of the NF, was elected president and in October he initiated a policy of cutting costs for defense and armed forces of 50% and 66% respectively. A peace process was initiated with the guerrilla movements under surveillance from Brazil, Guyana and the UN. In June 1992, a $ 720 million economic cooperation agreement was signed with the Netherlands. In 1993, the country was hit by the fall in bauxite prices. In the 1980-90 decade, the annual economic decline averaged 2.6%. The new civil government adopted a rigorous structural adjustment program , which caused widespread dissatisfaction in the population.

In March 1994, poverty and unemployment in the interior of the country were the background to the occupation of the Afbakka dam, 100 km south of Paramaribo. The rebels, who demanded the departure of the government, were defeated by government troops after four days of occupation. In 95, opposition came again when representatives of Native Americans and cimarrones met in protest of environmental damage caused by a Canadian mining company and an Indonesian timber company.

In September 96, Jules Wijdenbosch was elected President by Parliament, as it was forbidden to re-elect Venetiaan.


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