Uganda. Peace talks between the government and the
militia movement According to
CountryAAH, the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) was held
in rounds in southern Sudan. The ceasefire closed in 2006
was renewed in mid-April after expiring February 28. In an
attempt to speed up the negotiations, the government made
some concessions. Among other things, the circle of
mediators was expanded to include representatives of Kenya,
Tanzania, South Africa and Mozambique since the rebels
expressed dissatisfaction with the South Sudanese
government. The rebel soldiers to be disarmed were also
allowed to gather in one place in southern Sudan instead of
being split between two collection camps.
A crackdown in the efforts to secure peace in northern
Uganda is the charges brought by the International Criminal
Court (ICC) in The Hague against the five highest LRA
leaders. The LRA wants the allegations dropped, which the
ICC refuses but receives support for the demand of local
spokesmen for the Acholi people in northern Uganda who want
to put the conflict aside through traditional reconciliation
In January it was announced that Alice Lakwena had died.
Lakwena, who himself portrayed himself as a prophet, founded
the Holy Spirit Movement in 1986, a precursor to the LRA.
She fled to Kenya after her militia was crushed by the army.
Plans to allow a subsidiary of the Indian-owned Mehta
Group consortium to lease part of the Mabira forest reserve
sparked strong protests, first in Parliament, then in the
streets. The dissatisfaction that an area that houses a
large number of rare plants and birds would be cut down to
leave room for a sugar plantation took violent expression
and received racist elements. Several Asians in the capital
Kampala were attacked and a Hindu temple vandalized. The
protests caused the government to shrink the plans and look
for a more suitable place for the plantation.
In June, the trial of opposition leader Kizza Besigye
resumed. He was charged with treason in 2006 and charged
with conspiracy with the LRA. The case had been down for
almost a year since a couple of judges had dropped out.
Uganda sent about 1,600 troops to Somalia, where they
would represent a major peacekeeping force under the
auspices of the African Union. As there was no peace to
preserve in Somalia, their activities became difficult, and
at least five of them fell.
Uganda - Kampala
Kampaʹla, capital of Uganda; 1. 7 million residents (2016). Kampala is
located on the Mombasa (Kenya) –Kasese railway and is the hub of the country's
transport network. At Lake Victoria, about 10 km south-east of Kampala, lies the
port of Port Bell and about 21 km southwest of Kampala the international airport
The city, which is located in one of the country's richest agricultural
districts, is also an important center for Uganda's export of agricultural
products, such as coffee, cotton, tea and sugar. The head offices of most of
Uganda's larger companies are also located in Kampala. In the city is the
University of Makerere (founded in 1922).
During most of the 19th century, Kampala was the capital of the Kingdom of
Buganda but in 1890 became the headquarters of the British trading company East
Africa Company. Kampala remained the capital of the British colonial
administration in Uganda until 1905. When Uganda gained independence in 1962,
Kampala became the nation's capital.