Vietnam. In January, the ruling Communist Party decided
that the military and the Communist Party should be deprived
of control over dozens of companies. At that time, the
military owned over a hundred companies, but would only
retain control over those directly linked to military
operations. According to
CountryAAH, the plan was to sell equity interests to private
In May, general elections were held for the National
Assembly. No political significance would be given to the
election, as all 900 candidates were either members of the
Communist Party or independent politicians approved by the
Party. 493 members were elected for a five-year term. A
quarter of them were women, while just under a fifth
belonged to an ethnic minority.
In August, Prime Minister Nguyễn Tân Dung appointed a new
government with slightly fewer and younger members than the
previous one. On the heaviest items, however, the old men
On June 20-22, President Nguyễn Minh Triễt visited the
Bush administration in the United States. It was the first
time since the end of the Vietnam War in 1975 that a
Vietnamese president visited the White House. The rapidly
growing trade between the two countries was at the center of
the talks between US President George W. Bush and Nguyễn
In April 2000, Deputy Prime Minister Ngo Xuan Loc
returned to the government as an adviser to the Prime
Minister for Production, Construction and Transport.
In November 2000, President Clinton visited Vietnam on a
3-day official visit. Visits marked a new phase in the
normalization of relations between the two countries. North
American assistance in clearing unexploded warfare areas.
Mines, unexploded bombs, etc. over the past 25 years has
cost 40,000 lives. In June 2001, Tran Duc Luong signed a
historic agreement with the United States during a donor
meeting in Hanoi. At the same meeting, the World Bank
declared its satisfaction with "the development of economic
reforms in Vietnam". In December, the trade agreement that
normalized relations with the United States began to work.
In April 2002, 59 people were charged with bank fraud
worth $ 100 million. US $ in Ho Chi Minh City. It was
estimated that several hundred people and organizations were
involved in the scam, including its victims. The judgment
was considered by Transparency International as part of the
government's efforts to fight corruption. Vietnam is already
one of the most corrupt countries in the world.
In May 2002, Russia left Cam Ranh Bay the naval base,
which was the Soviet Union's largest outside the Warsaw
In July 2002, President Tran Duc Luong was elected by the
National Assembly for a second term in office. It also gave
Prime Minister Phan Van Khai his second term.
In June 2003, 6 mafia bosses in Ho Chi Minh City were
sentenced to death, including capo Nam Cam. Several
government officials were sentenced to long prison
In November, a North American ship sailed for the first
time since the war in Vietnamese waters near Ho Chi Minh
In January 2004, bird flu broke out again in Vietnam (and
Thailand). After the government announced in March that the
disease had been eradicated, a few weeks later he announced
that the disease had reappeared on a farm in the southern
part of the country. The same month, the disease cost 16
people's lives. Both the WHO and the FAO urged the
government not to reopen the chicken farms or declare
themselves free of the disease until it was completely safe.
In June, the country's most prominent mafia chief, Truong
Van Cam - was executed - in the public domain known as Nam
Cam. He was convicted of, among other things, murder,
bribery, drug trafficking, prostitution and speculation. His
last appeal for pardon had been denied.
In July, UNHCR found over 40 Vietnamese Montagnards in
the jungle of Cambodia. Human rights organizations stated
that a significant number of Montagnards continue to live
underground in Ratanakiri province in northeastern Cmabodia.
The Cambodian government declared them illegal immigrants
and refused them humanitarian support, but following
pressure from Cambodian King Norodom Sihanouk, diplomats,
humanitarian organizations and the UNHCR, the latter was
allowed to reopen his office in the provincial capital
Banlung to help the Montagnards.
Acc. UNHCR were many Montagnards sick and exhausted after
living in the jungle where they lacked food, water and
clothing. Acc. Pen Bunna of Cambodia's Human Rights and
Development Association (ADHOC) had survived the Montagnards
by eating leaves and mushrooms. Those in the worst condition
were sent to Phnom Penh for medical treatment.
The Montagnards have been persecuted by the Vietnamese
authorities for over 30 years for their cooperation with the
United States during the war. Their situation worsened in
April 2004 after peacefully demonstrating for land and
In November, Vietnam and Argentina signed a series of
trade agreements in the Argentine presidential palace, Casa
Rosada. Argentine President Néstor Kirchner characterized
his conversation with Tran Duc Luong as "very enriching" and
at the same time praised Vietnam's increasing role on the
international scene. At the same time, Kirchner emphasized
the development of relations between the two countries.