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Yemen

Yearbook 2007

2007 YemenYemen. In January-June, battles raged in the province of Sada between government troops and the Shiite militant Young People's Organization (Shabab al-Mumin), also known as the al-Huthi group. In March, it was reported that 416 government soldiers and 136 rebels had been killed so far during the fighting. In June, Qatar intervened and established a ceasefire. According to the agreement, the rebel leaders would go into exile in Qatar where they would be prohibited from engaging in political activities directed against Yemen. Other rebels would be granted amnesty in Yemen.

According to CountryAAH, eight Spanish tourists and two Yemenites were killed on July 2 in a suicide attack at the Queen of Saba's temple in Marib. Yemeni security forces were reported July 14 to have killed one of the culprits and another four in August. At least one of the five was said to have been in contact with the Islamist terror network al-Qaeda.

In November, 32 men were sentenced to between two and 15 years in prison for having planned attacks on Yemen's petroleum industry in 2006.

In December, the UNHCR reported that over 1,400 Somali and Ethiopian refugees had drowned in 2007 as they tried to cross the Red Sea to Yemen. Many overloaded boats on their way from Africa capsized and it happened that smugglers forced refugees into deep water.

President Ali Abdullah Saleh issued a decree on March 31 appointing Ali Muhammad Mujawar as new prime minister instead of Abd al-Qadir Bajamal. The government was also remodeled.

2007 Yemen

The February 2001 local elections were characterized by violence. Parallel to the election, a referendum was held to extend the presidential term to seven years. Thirty people were killed as a result of fighting between different clans or killed by police. The referendum affirmed the extension of the presidential term, allowing Saleh to sit for 7 years.

Without stating the reasons, in May the President reshuffled the government and removed Prime Minister Abdul-Karim al-Iryani. He was replaced by former Foreign Minister Abdul Kader Bajammal. The government had 23 new ministers, including Wahiba Fare, who became minister in the newly formed Ministry of Human Rights. She thus became the country's first female minister.

In November, Saleh traveled to Washington to confirm to George Bush Yemen's participation in the US "coalition against terrorism ". In March, the government expelled over 100 religious students - including French and British - as part of its general campaign against terrorism and specifically against members of the al-Qaeda terrorist network. That same month, the United States decided to send military advisers to the country to "train Yemeni security forces in the fight against terrorism". Acc. Washington could now, like former Afghanistan, become a refuge for al-Qaeda.

At least 5,000 demonstrated in April, burning the United States and Israeli flags, as well as images of George W. Bush and Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon. At the same time, they demanded the US embassy closed. Before then, a bomb explosion and a grenade attack had been carried out against the embassy.

In October 2002, a French oil tanker exploded off the coast of Yemen, at the same time as the United States put tremendous pressure on France to abandon its opposition in the United Nations Security Council to the United States' planned war on Iraq. In order to prevent any US interference, while at the same time ensuring continued financial assistance, the government launched a witch-hunt on al-Qaeda supporters. In November, the United States with rockets fired from a driverless plane attacked a car a few hundred miles from the capital. 6 were killed in the terrorist attack, including one accused by the United States of being the leader of al-Qaeda in Yemen.

In April 2003, 10 people suspected of participating in the attack against the USS Cole escaped in October 2000. This prompted the Yemeni authorities to launch the largest police operation to date to capture the escaped. In March, two of the attackers, Fahd al-Qusaa and Jamal al-Badawi, had been captured in Albyan province south of Sana'a following an intense gunfire with security forces. The two prisoners and one member of the security forces were injured during the action. Badawi was suspected of having close ties to al-Qaeda.

 

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