Canada 2007

Canada 2007

North and Central America
Yearbook 2007 Canada. According to CountryAAH, Ottawa is the capital city of Canada. The Supreme Court ruled on February 23 that legislation that made it possible to keep terror suspected foreign nationals in prison indefinitely or to expel them by referring to secret evidence contravened the Constitution. The court did not agree. However, the Conservative minority government was given a year to change the legislation. Economy Inflation rate 1.60% Unemployment rate 6.3% Gross domestic product (GDP) $ 1,774,000,000,000 GDP growth rate 3.00% GDP per capita $ 48,400 GDP by sector Agriculture 1.60% Industry 28.20% Service 70.20% State budget Revenue 510.6 billion Expenditure 501 billion Proportion of the population below the national poverty line 9.4% Distribution of household income Top 10% 8th Lower 10% 2.6 Industrial production growth rate -0.30% Investment…
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Cameroon 2007

Cameroon 2007

Africa
Yearbook 2007 Cameroon. A campaign against corruption that started in 2006 after pressure from donors began to produce results. After three major trials, a number of former senior officials, most related to the ruling party RDPC, were sentenced to imprisonment for up to 50 years for extensive misappropriation of state funds. However, the corruption cases hardly affected the parliamentary elections in July, which resulted in a grand victory for the RDPC (Cameroonian People's Democratic Movement). The party retained a large majority, with 140 of Parliament's 180 seats; a slight decline since the last election. However, the Supreme Court received over 100 protests against cheating and decided to annul the result in 17 constituencies where serious cheating had been established. According to CountryAAH, Yaounde is the capital city of Cameroon. 21…
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Cambodia 2007

Cambodia 2007

Asia
General information about Cambodia The Kingdom of Cambodia is known for its medieval Hindu and Buddhist temples in Angkor Wat and Angkor Thom, but also for the later Khmer Rouge rule. Angkor was the most powerful empire in Southeast Asia since the 8th century, with trade links stretching all the way to India for six hundred years. Its capital of one million inhabitants, with its irrigation canals, patio plantations, and temples, was presumably the largest in the world a thousand years ago. However, huge sandstone structures were buried for centuries in the damp, impenetrable jungle before the French discovered them in 1860. Why the world’s most powerful empire was abandoned is still debated today. After the French and Japanese occupation, King Sihanouk allied with Guerrilla Commander Pol Pot. In 1975,…
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Cabo Verde 2007

Cabo Verde 2007

Africa
Yearbook 2007 Cape Verde. According to CountryAAH, Praia is the capital city of Cape Verde. Cape Verde has had a strong economic development for a number of years and growth for 2007 was estimated at about 7 percent. The country stands on the threshold of stepping out of the "least developed countries" category, which means that Cabo Verde can no longer rely on aid and particularly favorable trading conditions. The economy is largely based on the fast-growing tourism that attracts large investments, but the government strives for other industries such as agriculture, fishing, crafts and small industries to be able to develop with the help of tourism. Cape Verde weather in March, April and May Daily temperatures averaging 25 to 27 ° C can be expected over the next three…
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Burundi 2007

Burundi 2007

Africa
Yearbook 2007 Burundi. A harsh political climate caused concern in the area that the system of power sharing between the hutu and Tutsi people groups, which came into force in 2005, would fall apart. According to CountryAAH, Gitega is the capital city of Burundi. The tutsidominated former ruling party UPRONA accused the ruling CNDD-FDD, formerly a Hutu extremist militia, of consistently favoring Hutus in the post of army and police posts. A ceasefire agreement between the government and the last hutumilis FNL, which was concluded in the autumn of 2006, did not lead to any permanent peace agreement. Negotiations ended and the FNL delegation disappeared from the capital, after which bloody fighting broke out between rival factions of the FNL during the fall. In January, the Supreme Court acquitted former…
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Burkina Faso 2007

Burkina Faso 2007

Africa
Yearbook 2007 Burkina Faso. The ruling party, the Congress for Democracy and Progress (CDP), received a majority of votes in the May 6 parliamentary elections. The CDP took home 73 of the 111 seats in the National Assembly, a sharp increase compared to the 2002 election when the party received 57 seats. The turnout was 56 percent. As many as 47 parties lined up, of which 13 got seats in parliament. According to CountryAAH, Ouagadougou is the capital city of Burkina Faso. Burkina Faso, like a number of other West African countries, suffered severe flooding in August - October. At least 51 people died and 76 were injured. In total, more than 90,000 people were affected by the floods, according to government estimates. Of these, 28,000 had become homeless. In…
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Bulgaria 2007

Bulgaria 2007

Europe
Yearbook 2007 Bulgaria. On New Year's Day, Bulgaria joined the EU. "A dream came true today," Prime Minister Sergei Stanisev said in a speech on New Year's Day about the coveted membership. In March, an EU minister was appointed and in May the country's first 18 EU parliamentarians were elected. But at the same time, the EU continued to push for continued reform of the judiciary and efforts to combat corruption and organized crime. At the beginning of the year, a constitutional amendment was adopted in accordance with the recommendations of the European Commission, including: to strengthen the judiciary. That the problems continued to be big became clear when the country was shaken by a corruption scandal with ramifications all the way up in the government. First, two deputy ministers…
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Brunei 2007

Brunei 2007

Asia
Yearbook 2007 Brunei. In June, Brunei signed a comprehensive economic cooperation agreement with Japan. According to CountryAAH, Bandar Seri Begawan is the capital city of Brunei. The two countries will cooperate on, among other things, development of renewable energy, agriculture, forestry, fishing, trade and tourism. That same month, Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah divorced his 31-year-old daughter, Majeedah Bolkiah, who works at the Department of the Environment, with an architect employed by the Prime Minister's Office. The wedding was attended by 2,000 people and the celebration lasted for two weeks. Country data Area: 5765 km2 (world rank: 164) Residents: 429,000 Population density: 74 per km2 (as of 2017, world rank: 170) Capital: Bandar Seri Begawan Official languages: Malay Gross domestic product: 12.1 billion US$; Real growth: 1.3% Gross national product (GNP, per…
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Brazil 2007

Brazil 2007

South America
Yearbook 2007 Brazil. The state-owned oil company Petrobras announced in early November the discovery of a new oil deposit at very large depth at the so-called Tupí field outside Rio de Janeiro, which can contain the equivalent of 8 billion barrels. If the calculations are correct, Brazil can become one of the world's largest oil exporting countries within 5-10 years, and President Lula da Silva stated that Brazil aims to one day become a member of OPEC. Most analysts agreed that the deposit could affect the balance of power throughout South America, where Venezuela, under Hugo Chávez, dominated the political scene, partly through its position in the oil world. The discovery also affected Brazil's December negotiations with Bolivia on natural gas imports, where Petrobras had major interests. Otherwise, President Lula…
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Botswana 2007

Botswana 2007

Africa
Yearbook 2007 Botswana. At the beginning of the year, Botswana border control against Zimbabwe sharpened the fear of a stream of illegal immigrants, after a large number of opposition groups were arrested in neighboring countries following protests against the Mugabe regime. Relations between Botswana and Zimbabwe have deteriorated since the Botswana government began building an electrified fence along the border. Officially, the 50-mile-long fence will prevent the spread of foot-and-mouth disease, but Zimbabwe sees it as a way to stop them from fleeing to Botswana. Over 56,000 Zimbabweans who crossed the border were deported from Botswana in 2006. According to CountryAAH, Gaborone is the capital city of Botswana. Botswana and Mauritius were the only African countries during the year on Transparency International's top 50 list of the world's least corrupt…
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Bosnia and Herzegovina 2007

Bosnia and Herzegovina 2007

Europe
Yearbook 2007 Bosnia and Herzegovina. In January, Bosnian Legion Nikola Špiric was commissioned to form a coalition government following the All-Bosnian parliamentary elections held in October. Špiric's predominantly Bosnian Serbian Independent Social Democrats' party, SNSD, had made strong progress in the election. Parliament approved the new seven-party government in February. In the same month, the international community decided to extend its direct involvement in the rule of Bosnia and Herzegovina for one year from the end of the year, when the "High Representative's" mandate would otherwise have expired. The outside world had, through its envoy, supervised the country since the end of the war in 1995. The reason for the extension was that Bosnia and Herzegovina was considered too unstable and the ethnic contradictions overloaded to completely surrender to Bosnian…
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Bolivia 2007

Bolivia 2007

South America
Yearbook 2007 Bolivia. According to CountryAAH, Sucre is the capital city of Bolivia. The conflict between the central government of La Paz and the so-called Crescent Region (the eastern provinces of Tarija, Beni, Santa Cruz and Pando) that had been latent for several years took a serious turn in mid-December when the provinces took a serious threat to an earlier threat and explained its independence. The measure was expected after a year of increasing unrest and polarization in the country and came as a direct response to the new constitution approved by the Constituent Assembly in Oruro on December 9. The new constitution was also rejected by the political opposition as illegal because the opposition's boycott of the constituent assembly's meetings meant that the assembly was not complete. The opposition…
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Bhutan 2007

Bhutan 2007

Asia
Yearbook 2007 According to CountryAAH, Thimphu is the capital city of Bhutan. Bhutan and India's leaders signed a revised version of the countries' friendship agreement from 1949 in February. Instead, economic cooperation is now emphasized. The changes gave Bhutan greater independence even though the country is still very dependent on India. In April and May, exercise elections were conducted in two rounds before the real elections in 2008. The interest in the pretense elections, in which four accomplished parties participated, was small; about a third voted. Already on December 31, 2007, elections were held for the parliament's upper house with 25 seats. The voters were appointed 20 by the members and the king the other five. It was the country's first free elections after a hundred years of absolute monarchy.…
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Benin 2007

Benin 2007

Africa
Yearbook 2007 Benin. According to CountryAAH, Porto-Novo is the capital city of Benin. The Kauri forces of an emerging Benin, an alliance of about twenty parties supporting the new President Boni Yayi, received 35 of Parliament's 83 seats in the March 31 election. A smaller alliance around former President Nicéphore Soglo was given 20 seats. The former military dictatorship and the one-party Marxist state of Benin are often cited as a democratic example in Africa, but the arrangements surrounding the elections have often been flawed. So this time too, when the election has to be postponed for a week due to poor preparation. Shortly before the election, President Boni was subjected to a murder attempt when a vehicle column he was traveling in was shot. Several members of the party…
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Belize 2007

Belize 2007

North and Central America
Yearbook 2007 Belize. The area around Corozal in northern Belize was declared a disaster area since Hurricane Dean pulled over the country at the end of August. Residential housing and agriculture were severely affected by the hurricane, but no casualties were required and floods were of minor magnitude. In early September, according to CountryAAH, Belmopan is the capital city of Belize. Belize was also hit by the tropical storm Felix with limited damage as a result. Belize weather in March, April and May Daily temperatures averaging 30 to 32 ° C can be expected over the next three months. The temperatures hardly fluctuate during this time. Do you want to go on a beach holiday? The water temperatures are in March, April and May 27-28 ° C. This is great…
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Belgium 2007

Belgium 2007

Europe
Yearbook 2007 Belgium. In a satirical ad on the e-commerce site eBay in September, the whole of Belgium was offered for sale, as "a kingdom, in three parts". Any buyers were advised to buy one of the parts Flanders, Wallonia or Brussels. The background to the ad, which was soon removed from the site, was the political crisis in which Belgium was in. The country was without government since the parliamentary elections just over three months earlier, and there was talk of the risk of the nation falling apart. The June 10 election to both parliament's chambers was a major setback for the largest government party, the liberal VLD, and for the government coalition in general. Guy Verhofstadt filed his resignation after eight years as prime minister. According to CountryAAH,…
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Belarus 2007

Belarus 2007

Europe
Yearbook 2007 Belarus is a country located in Eastern Europe. Faced with the threat of shut down gas supplies from Russia, Belarus agreed at the New Year more than doubled the Russian gas price. At the same time, Russia imposed export tax on crude oil to Belarus. As a result, the country lost large revenue through the processing and further export of Russian oil. President Aljaksandr Lukashenka's regime responded to Russia by imposing taxes on Russian crude oil - almost a third of Russia's oil exports - which are transported to Western Europe through Belarusian pipelines. When the flow of Russian oil through Belarus to Poland, Germany, Slovakia, the Czech Republic and Hungary was stopped, the EU countries accused Belarus of being behind. Minsk refused and the EU instead pointed…
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Barbados 2007

Barbados 2007

North and Central America
According to CountryAAH, Bridgetown is the capital city of Barbados. The dispute over fishing rights between Barbados and Trinidad & Tobago was further intensified at the end of 2000, when two Barbados fishing boats were raided by the Trinidad Coast Guard. Prime Minister Arthur threatened Trinidad & Tobago with economic reprisals, declaring that he would apply the Immigration Act to expel illegal immigrants from Trinidad out of the country. At the same time, he suggested that the agreements on flights for Trinidad's national airline BWIA be revised. The episode took place shortly after Arthur and Trinidad's Prime Minister Basdeo Panday drafted a plan for fisheries negotiations. Barbados exports to Trinidad fell from $ 39.5 million. US $ 1982 to $ 30 million in 2000. In return, Trinidad had exported goods…
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Bangladesh 2007

Bangladesh 2007

Asia
Yearbook 2007 Bangladesh. Political unrest in January led to the canceled parliamentary elections being canceled. The promises made in December 2006 on revised electoral votes did not satisfy the opposition, which claimed that the departed government had prepared extensive electoral fraud. The complaints had such strong credibility that the EU decided not to send any observer group. After extensive street protests, President Iajuddin Ahmed left the temporary job as head of government and handed over the responsibility to interimistically lead the country to former Governor of the Governor Fakhruddin Ahmed. At the same time, a state of emergency was announced. Now was a time of settlement with the corrupt political leaders who disgraced Bangladesh. Dozens of leading politicians were arrested and prosecuted, among them a large number of former ministers.…
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Bahrain 2007

Bahrain 2007

Asia
Yearbook 2007 Bahrain. Security forces deployed tear gas and rubber bullets against Shiite protesters on December 19 in a number of villages in the northern part of the kingdom. The protesters reportedly demanded compensation for human rights violations during the 1980s. At least one person was killed in the rattlesnakes, about ten were injured and forty were said to have been arrested. Bahrain's population is dominated by Shia Muslims but the country's leaders are Sunnis. According to CountryAAH, Manama is the capital city of Bahrain. The human rights organization Amnesty International protested in January that two men and one woman, all convicted of murder, had been executed on December 11, 2006. The death penalty had long been used very sparingly in Bahrain. - only once since 1977. In October, the…
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Bahamas 2007

Bahamas 2007

North and Central America
Yearbook 2007 Bahamas. According to CountryAAH, Nassau is the capital city of Bahamas. US scandal model Anna Nicole Smith's death on February 8 on an island in the Bahamas had political consequences for the country. Ten days after the death, Immigration and Labor Minister Shane Gibson was forced to leave his post when he was accused of speeding up the process of Smith's residence permit in exchange for sex and gifts. The charges came after one of Bahamas newspapers published pictures of Smith and Gibson tightly wrapped in a bed, fully clothed. Gibson called the charges a "gross lie". Anna Nicole Smith lived in the Bahamas during the last months of her life. When elections were held in Parliament on May 2, the bourgeois and market-liberal opposition party The Free…
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Azerbaijan 2007

Azerbaijan 2007

Asia
Yearbook 2007 Azerbaijan. According to CountryAAH, Baku is the capital city of Azerbaijan. Azerbaijan's great political significance was reinforced during the year when Russia proposed that Washington and Moscow cooperate on missile defense at a Soviet-built radar station in Azerbaijan. The proposal was an attempt to divert the United States from the plans to create its own robotic defense in the Czech Republic and Poland against possible robot attacks from, Iran. US conflict with Iran is sensitive to Azerbaijan, and Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad visited Azerbaijan during the year. Iran, which has offered Azerbaijan energy cooperation, is keen that Azerbaijan's good relations with the United States should not lead the US military to exploit Azerbaijan territory for attacks against Iran. There has been speculation that the United States would use…
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Austria 2007

Austria 2007

Europe
Yearbook 2007 Austria. Shortly after New Year, Austria was given a new government. The deadlock after the parliamentary elections in October was resolved when the Social Democratic SPÖ and the conservative ÖVP formed a so-called large coalition. SPÖ had won the election over the previous ruling party ÖVP by a small margin. Together, the two parties had 134 of the 183 seats in the National Council, Parliament's lower house. They received seven ministerial posts each. New Chancellor became Social Democrat Alfred Gusenbauer. According to CountryAAH, Vienna is the capital city of Austria. The coalition settlement meant that SPÖ had to withdraw its election promise to drop the fees for university studies. Instead, students were given the opportunity to perform 60 hours of community service per semester to avoid paying. A…
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Australia 2007

Australia 2007

Oceania
Yearbook 2007 Australia. To combat the perennial drought in Australia and increase water levels, Prime Minister John Howard in January allocated the equivalent of SEK 58 billion over a ten-year period that would go to the country's most important rivers, Murray and Darling, among others. Control of this over-exploited river system, which is used to irrigate over 70 percent of the country's crops, would be taken over by the federal authorities. Howard would also invest SEK 41.5 billion on, among other things, new water pipes to reduce water leakage. According to CountryAAH, Canberra is the capital city of Australia. The annual climate report from the country's meteorological institute showed in January that global warming is affecting Australia more than any other continent. Ever since 1910, Australia's temperature rise had been…
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Armenia 2007

Armenia 2007

Asia
Yearbook 2007 Armenia. In March, Prime Minister Andranik Markaryan died after a heart attack. Former Secretary of Defense Serzh Sarkisian was appointed new head of government for the coalition between the Republican Party and the United Workers' Party. In May, Armenia's fourth parliamentary elections were held since independence. The opposition made a poor choice and initially refused to accept the election result, but according to election observers from the OSCE, voting was conducted in a clearly better way than in previous elections. There were only a few cases of documented cheating and the election was largely international in standard, according to a report by the OSCE. The election was a huge success for the ruling Republican Party, which took one-third of the vote and nearly doubled its number of seats…
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Argentina 2007

Argentina 2007

South America
Yearbook 2007 Argentina. The October 28 presidential election was historically in many ways. For the first time, the two main candidates were women and consequently a woman was also elected president, the fourth in Latin American history. Senator Cristina Fernández de Krichner from the ruling coalition Frente para la Victoria (FPV) won with 45 percent of the votes cast. The election result was attributed to a number of factors - the good economy, the crucial importance of the Province of Buenos Aires (with 40 percent of the electoral votes), a divided opposition, but above all the popularity that surrounded Fernández de Kirchner's husband, the incumbent President Néstor Kirchner. The victory margin was the largest since the reintroduction of democracy in Argentina in 1983, and in some parts of northern Argentina…
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Antigua and Barbuda 2007

Antigua and Barbuda 2007

North and Central America
Yearbook 2007 Antigua and Barbuda. In March, the World Trade Organization joined Antigua and Barbuda in the drawn-out dispute between the US and the US over foreign Internet gaming companies' access to the US domestic market. The WTO then ruled that the United States had not followed the organisation's 2005 decision that it must ease a number of restrictions against foreign-based Internet gaming companies. As a result, in December the WTO granted Antigua and Barbuda the right to impose trade sanctions on the United States at a value equivalent to USD 21 million per year. According to CountryAAH, Saint John’s is the capital city of Antigua and Barbuda. Antigua and Barbuda have become increasingly dependent on foreign currency from Internet casinos based in the country as a result of reduced…
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Angola 2007

Angola 2007

Africa
Yearbook 2007 Angola. Large oil and diamond deposits and high world market prices helped Angola maintain the strong economic growth rate of recent years. The International Monetary Fund (IMF) estimated Angola's growth to 23 percent in 2007, but at the same time criticized the lack of transparency in the operations of state oil and diamond companies. Very large sums are believed to disappear in the pockets of the governing body. The government announced that the country no longer needs foreign financial assistance and canceled negotiations with the IMF. According to CountryAAH, Luanda is the capital city of Angola. The value of this year's oil production was estimated at over US $ 30 billion; more than the OECD's total assistance to Africa in 2006. Most of Angola's debt of USD 2.3…
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Andorra 2007

Andorra 2007

Europe
Yearbook 2007 Andorra. Prime Minister Albert Pintat Santolària refurnished the government in May. According to CountryAAH, Andorra is the capital city of Andorra. The number of ministers was reduced from eleven to nine. Two ministers retained their previous post, five were given new duties and two were added. Andorra weather in March, April and May Average daily temperatures between 10 ° C and 16 ° C can be expected over the next three months. In Andorra la Vella it gets warmest in May, while March is noticeably cooler. Andorra - Andorra la Vella Andorra la Vella Andorra la Vella, capital of Andorra; 19,800 residents (2019). Andorra la Vella, located at Gran Valira in the southern part of the country, is an expansive commercial and tourist center, whose population has grown…
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Algeria 2007

Algeria 2007

Africa
Yearbook 2007 Algeria. In January, the armed Islamist group GSPC (Groupe Salafiste pour la Prédication et le Combat) changed its name to al-Qaeda's organization in the Islamic Maghreb (al-Qaeda in Maghreb). Under its new identity, the group stepped up its armed struggle against the government, its troops and against employees at foreign companies. Several actions were typically coordinated in al-Qaeda. For example, on April 11, 33 people in three simultaneous suicide attacks in the capital. At the same time, similar attacks occurred in Morocco and Tunisia. The violence continued during the fall; Al Qaeda, for example, took assumes responsibility for two assaults - September 6 in Batna and September 8 in the port of Dellys - which required a total of at least 50 lives. GSPC's founder Hassan Hattab, who…
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Albania 2007

Albania 2007

Europe
Yearbook 2007 Albania. The ruling right-wing coalition suffered a stinging defeat when municipal elections were held in February. The opposition bloc, led by the Socialist Party PSSH, won in a majority of municipalities, including the capital Tirana. The government coalition only won in one major city: Shkodër. As a result of the weak result, Prime Minister Sali Berisha re-furnished the government in March. One of the small parties, the Christian Democratic PDK, left the government coalition in May. According to CountryAAH, Tirana is the capital city of Albania. The reason was stated to be that the dominant Democratic Party PDS has broken a promise not to stand in an election district in the municipal elections. The departure was of no decisive importance; PDK had only two mandates and no ministerial…
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Aland 2007

Europe
Yearbook 2007 Aland. This fall's election to the Åland Lagting became a major victory for the Liberals, who went from opposition to leadership to the Landscape Board in the self-governing Å. The center produced a mandate for eight, but the leader Roger Nordlund was allowed to leave the land council post and was instead elected as the Lagtinget's president. The major losers of the election were the Social Democrats who lost half of their seats and stayed on three. The Social Democrats resigned from the government, which instead became a purely bourgeois coalition with liberals and center parties. In 2006, Finland and Å lost in the European Court of Justice the fight to sell snus on Finnish territory. From the turn of the year, therefore, a new Åland laying act…
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Afghanistan 2007

Afghanistan 2007

Asia
Yearbook 2007 Afghanistan. In the sixth year after the fall of the fundamentalist Taliban regime, peace seemed increasingly remote. Struggles occurred daily throughout the year between the two international forces and resistance movements, mainly the Taliban militia, but especially during the second half of the war, intensified especially in the southern and eastern provinces. The difference between the foreign forces, the US-led "war alliance" Operation Persistent Freedom and the NATO-led "peace alliance" ISAF, also became less and less. In the fall of 2006, 12,000 American soldiers were transferred to ISAF and in February an American general took over the command of the NATO-led force in which Sweden also participates. NATO commander Jaap de Hoop Scheffer publicly said he does not believe in any military solution to the conflict. The number…
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European Union 2007

European Union 2007

Europe
Yearbook 2007 European Union. Here are some of the events and decisions within the EU that were noted in 2007. During the year, the EU expanded from 25 to 27 nations. Acrylamide. The EU's three-year acrylamide project HEATOX (Heat-induced food toxicants), led by Lund University, was completed in November. The project involved 24 organizations from 14 countries, and the aim was to develop knowledge on a broad front to solve or reduce the problems with acrylamide. Among other things, Sweden's five participating organizations have developed a safe method of analysis for the determination of acrylamide levels in foods, shown on methods that can reduce acrylamide formation in potato products and breads, and have shown that blood tests are better than dietary surveys in epidemiological studies to estimate cancer risk. The…
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Africa Geography

Africa Geography

Africa
Climate As a whole, Africa is the warmest continent. Despite Africa having a symmetrical position around the equator (between 35 degrees north and 35 degrees south), there are major differences in the climate zones. Farther north and south there are zones of Mediterranean climate. Africa's hottest regions are in southern Sahara with maximum temperatures in many places of more than 50 degrees and annual average temperatures of 28 degrees. Due to radiation in clear desert air, there are large variations in day and night temperatures. South of the equator, the climate zones are more complicated due to topographic conditions and greater influence from the sea. In central areas there is savanna climate. Desert climate prevails in a narrow strip along the west coast of Namibia, while large stretches of east…
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Asia History

Asia History

Asia
The kingdoms of the Mongols Around 1200, Genghis-khan laid the foundation for a Mongol Empire which, under Kublai-khan, covered most of Asia except Japan and Southeast Asia. This in turn led to a more lively relationship with Europe. During the Yüan dynasty, China ruled China until 1368. The last major Mongol conquests of Timur Lenk affected India, Iran and Asia Minor, but did not last long. A descendant founded in 1526 the Great Mogul Kingdom in India, which before the decay of the 18th century included both Northern India and Deccan. Only the Sepoy uprising in 1858 ended this kingdom. As population increased according to Countryaah, about 1250 a new Turkish tribe emerged in the Ottomans, who were expelled from Central Asia by the Mongols. They founded Ottoman Turkey and…
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Europe Geography

Europe Geography

Europe
Regions of Europe The countries of the European continent are distributed in regions established according to spatial and economic criteria. This division is due to the fact that Europe does not have homogeneous characteristics throughout its territory. Thus, the regions group territories with similar characteristics to facilitate the study of these areas. One of the classifications divides Europe into four regions: Northern Europe: it is the region located at the northern tip of the continent and corresponds to the area with the lowest temperatures among European countries. Basically, it corresponds to the territory of Scandinavia and the Nordic countries such as Norway, Denmark, Sweden, Finland, Latvia and Lithuania. Central-Eastern Europe: this is the region that corresponds to the countries of the former Soviet Union that have become independent, such as…
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North America Wildlife

North America Wildlife

North and Central America
North America - Wildlife To the north, in Canada and Alaska, there are many circumpolar species that are also known from Europe and Siberia, such as polar bears, brown bears, wolves, wolves, elk, and reindeer and red deer, which in North America are called respectively. caribou and wapiti. Further south, the North American fauna is reminiscent of the European and temperate Asian faunas: although they are often different species, they are closely related. This similarity is the reason why all these northern areas are considered to be the same animal geographic region, the Holarctic region (see also the Nearctic region). However, North America also houses species that have immigrated from South America via the Panama Sea, and that do not have close relatives in Europe and Asia, such as punk…
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Latin America Music and Dance

Latin America Music and Dance

South America
According to Countryaah, South America has a land area of 17,850,000 square kilometers, accounting for about 12% of the world’s land area. Country Upcoming elections Turnout Argentina Parliamentary elections 2021, presidential elections 2023 81% in the 2019 presidential election; 78 percent in the 2017 congressional election Bolivia presidential and parliamentary elections 2025 88 percent in presidential and parliamentary elections (2020) Brazil presidential and congressional elections 2022 79.7 percent in the election October 7, 2018 Chile presidential and congressional elections 2021 47 percent in the congressional election and 1st round of the presidential election 2017, 48.5 percent in the 2nd round of the presidential election 2017 Colombia presidential and congressional elections 2022 53 percent in the 2018 presidential election, 49 percent in the 2018 congressional election Ecuador 2nd round of presidential…
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Oceania Countries and Regions

Oceania Countries and Regions

Oceania
Oceania (Prehistory & History - War & Bombing) World War II reinforced the strategic and economic importance of Oceania. The populations of the colonies of Melanesia and Micronesia were involuntarily involved in the fighting between Japan and the Allied forces led by the United States, while the southeastern Melanesian and many of the Polynesian islands served as supply and base areas. For the first time, the inhabitants of Oceania became acquainted with an incredible material wealth and met with mutual respect and sympathy with the many foreign soldiers, which stimulated the desire for independence. After World War II, the United States, Britain and France conducted more than 250 nuclear weapons tests on coral islands in Micronesia and Polynesia. In 1963, the United States and Britain stopped the trials, while France,…
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