According to ezinereligion, in 2007, Cambodia had an estimated population of over 14 million people, composed of multiple ethnic groups including Khmer, Vietnamese and Chinese. The official language was Khmer but several other languages were also spoken. The economy was largely based on agriculture, manufacturing and services, as well as exports of rice and textiles. In terms of foreign relations, Cambodia had close ties with its neighbor Thailand and maintained diplomatic relations with several other countries such as the United States, the United Kingdom and France. Politically, Cambodia was a constitutional monarchy led by King Norodom Sihamoni since 2004 until his death in 2020. Following his death Preah Baromneath Norodom Sihamoni became King in 2020 and is still in power today.
General information about Cambodia
The Kingdom of Cambodia is known for its medieval Hindu and Buddhist temples in Angkor Wat and Angkor Thom, but also for the later Khmer Rouge rule.
Angkor was the most powerful empire in Southeast Asia since the 8th century, with trade links stretching all the way to India for six hundred years. Its capital of one million inhabitants, with its irrigation canals, patio plantations, and temples, was presumably the largest in the world a thousand years ago. However, huge sandstone structures were buried for centuries in the damp, impenetrable jungle before the French discovered them in 1860. Why the world’s most powerful empire was abandoned is still debated today.
After the French and Japanese occupation, King Sihanouk allied with Guerrilla Commander Pol Pot. In 1975, an experiment in democracy began, unparalleled in chaos and cruelty. The people were forced to live in the land, the reading material was killed, everything was ordered from above; one-fifth of the people died or fled. The history of suffering is presented at the Toul Sleng Genocide Museum or in the fields of Cheung Ek’s Death. The current king of Cambodia is Norodom Sihmoni, who has been king since 2004. KJuninka has no political power, but mainly acts as the forefront of his country.
- According to abbreviationfinder: KH is the 2-letter acronym for the country of Cambodia.
The main occupations of Buddhist Cambodia are agriculture and fishing and, increasingly, tourism. Both of the latter are practiced on Lake Tonle Sap. The lake is part of the Mekong and its tributaries; during the monsoon, the lake spreads into a vast floodplain as the Mekong feeds huge bodies of water into the river leading to Tonle Sap. Cambodia has a short coastal area in the Gulf of Siam, which is now being built at a rapid pace for tourists.
The country with a tropical monsoon climate is hot and humid, with rainy seasons from June to October. The religion of Cambodia is Theravada Buddhism, as in many other countries in Southeast Asia.
Cambodia weather in March, April and May
Average daily temperatures between 32 ° C and 35 ° C can be expected over the next three months. It gets warmest in April in Phnom Penh, a little cooler in March in Sihanoukville.
Do you want to go on a beach holiday? The water temperatures are in March, April and May 29-30 ° C. This is great weather for a great time on the beach and in the water.
In the period from March to May, the sun shines on average between 0 and 9 hours a day. The sunniest weather is in March in Phnom Penh, with less sun you will have to make do with Sihanoukville in March.
Cambodia. According to CountryAAH, Phnom Penh is the capital city of Cambodia. Prince Norodom Ranariddh, appointed leader of the opposition party FUNCINPEC, was sentenced in March to 1.5 years in prison for fraud. Later that month, the prince was also indicted for adultery, which became illegal in K. in the fall of 2006. Several assessors considered that the law had in fact been instituted to convict Ranariddh, who had previously acknowledged a longstanding extramarital affair with a dancer. The Prince was abroad during the year, but his spokesmen announced that the court proceedings were a way for Prime Minister Hun Sen to get rid of a political rival.
On July 31, the first indictment was brought before the UN-backed court that has been established to investigate suspicions of human rights crimes committed during the 1975-79 Red Khmer terrorist regime, when an estimated 1.2 million Cambodians were killed. The defendant was Kang Kek Ieu, also known as Duch, who, under the power of the Red Khmer, was head of the interrogation center in the infamous Tuol Sleng S-21 prison in Phnom Penh. About 14,000 people were tortured and executed in prison. The prosecution involved crimes against humanity. The 64-year-old Duch had been imprisoned since 1999 when the prosecution was brought.
The next to be prosecuted at the General Court was 82-year-old Nuon Chea, who had been significantly higher placed in the Red Khmer hierarchy than Duch. Nuon Chea was the second man in the movement after the leader Pol Pot and he was often called “Brother number two”. Nuon Chea, who had lived undisturbed in the Cambodian city of Pailin since the 1970s, was arrested in September and apparently shaken by air to the capital. He was charged the same day for war crimes and crimes against humanity.
In the autumn, the former Khmer Foreign Minister Ieng Sary and his wife, former Minister of Social Affairs Ieng Thirith were also arrested. Both denied the allegations of crimes against humanity. So did the former head of the terrorist regime, and one of its chief ideologues, Khieu Samphan, who was indicted in November.
In a UN report published in October, the tribunal’s Cambodian administration received heavy criticism. According to the report, people who were not qualified for the job had been hired with too low wages in a poor recruitment process. The UN was advised to withdraw from cooperation in the tribunal if the Cambodian side did not correct these errors. According to the report, all employment contracts for Cambodians should be canceled and the recruitment process should be started again. The Cambodian side called the report unbalanced and said the recommendations lacked reasonable proportions. Cambodians pointed out that great successes had already been achieved despite obvious problems, which, incidentally, could have been avoided with better UN support. UN-K. negotiations.