According to ezinereligion, in 2007, Cameroon had an estimated population of over 18 million people, composed of multiple ethnic groups including Bantu, Fulani and Kirdi. The official language was French but several other languages were also spoken. The economy was largely based on agriculture, mining and services as well as exports of oil and timber. In terms of foreign relations, Cameroon had close ties with its neighbor Nigeria and maintained diplomatic relations with several other countries such as the United States, the United Kingdom and France. Politically, Cameroon was a semi-presidential republic led by President Paul Biya since 1982 until his death in 2020. Following his death Chantal Biya became president in 2020 and is still in power today.
Cameroon. A campaign against corruption that started in 2006 after pressure from donors began to produce results. After three major trials, a number of former senior officials, most related to the ruling party RDPC, were sentenced to imprisonment for up to 50 years for extensive misappropriation of state funds.
- According to abbreviationfinder: CM is the 2-letter acronym for the country of Cameroon.
However, the corruption cases hardly affected the parliamentary elections in July, which resulted in a grand victory for the RDPC (Cameroonian People’s Democratic Movement). The party retained a large majority, with 140 of Parliament’s 180 seats; a slight decline since the last election. However, the Supreme Court received over 100 protests against cheating and decided to annul the result in 17 constituencies where serious cheating had been established.
According to CountryAAH, Yaounde is the capital city of Cameroon. 21 Cameroonian army soldiers were killed in an attack in November on the Bakassi Peninsula in the southwest. The area was handed over to Cameroon in August 2006 following an international arbitration process, but among the Nigerian people, the resignation met with protests. Those who attacked the soldiers were described as “Nigerian rebels”.
Cameroon is a state in central-western Africa that faces the Atlantic, at the bottom of the Gulf of Guinea, between Nigeria, to the NW, and Equatorial Guinea, to the S; it also borders with Chad, to the NE, the Central African Republic, to the East, and with the Republic of Congo and Gabon, to S.
The territory consists of a vast plateau, set on the archaic African crystalline base, rejuvenated here, during the Cenozoic, by corrugations and eruptions that have given rise to a very rugged relief. The coastal strip is dominated by the isolated volcanic massif of Cameroon, from which a chain fringed by volcanic formations over 2500 m high branches off, which follows the Nigerian border for a long stretch. In the central-northern part there is a plateau that culminates at 2049 m in the Adamaoua reliefs, while the northern end of the territory, wedged between Nigeria and Chad, slopes down towards the depression of Lake Chad. The internal reliefs constitute a real hydrographic node, even if the watersheds are sometimes uncertain, above all due to regressive erosion phenomena: the country is divided between the basins of Niger (with the upper course of the tributary Benue, to the NW), of Lake Chad (with the Logone and the Sciari, to the NE), of the Congo (with the high basin of the tributary Sanga, to the SE) and finally of the Sanaga, Nyong and other rivers that flow directly into the ocean. Even the climatic types present a certain variety, within the limits of belonging to the tropic-equatorial belt. Overall, the rain decreases from SW to NE, passing from 4000 mm of the coast (with peaks of 10,000 on the external sides of Mount Cameroon and with regular distribution throughout the year) to 1500-2000 mm of a large central area (with two rainy seasons interspersed with two dry ones) and finally to less than 1000 in the northern regions (with a single rainy season that is progressively shortened). The three are rainfall patterns, the phytogeographical point of view, the rain forest (which covers more than half of the country’s surface), the savannah (interspersed with the tunnel forest along the rivers) and the steppe (effectively limited to the Chadian region)
Yaoundé, capital of Cameroon; 2. 8 million residents (2015). Yaoundé is an administrative and commercial center and a traffic hub. It is also a commercial center in a rich agricultural district with a diverse industry. The city has a university (founded in 1962) and a number of educational and research centers as well as national archives and national libraries.
Yaoundé was founded in 1888, when Cameroon was a German protectorate. The city was occupied by Belgian troops during the First World War, in 1922 became the capital of the mandate area of French Cameroon and in 1960 the capital of independent Cameroon.