Canada. According to CountryAAH, Ottawa is the capital city of Canada. The Supreme Court ruled on February 23 that legislation that made it possible to keep terror suspected foreign nationals in prison indefinitely or to expel them by referring to secret evidence contravened the Constitution. The court did not agree. However, the Conservative minority government was given a year to change the legislation.
|Gross domestic product (GDP)||$ 1,774,000,000,000|
|GDP growth rate||3.00%|
|GDP per capita||$ 48,400|
|GDP by sector|
|Proportion of the population below the national poverty line||9.4%|
|Distribution of household income|
|Industrial production growth rate||-0.30%|
|Investment volume||20.9% of GDP|
|National debt||89.70% of GDP|
|Foreign exchange reserves||$ 85,600,000,000|
Environmental policy came into focus during the year. Stephen Harper’s government, which previously showed no great interest in these issues, made several pledges in the spring about a more active policy to counter global climate change. In January, Harper appointed John Baird as the Minister of the Environment. In April, he promised a new climate strategy, which meant that Canada would reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 20 percent by 2020. At the same time, the government received criticism from environmental organizations for failing to fulfill its commitments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions that Canada had undertaken when one signed under the Kyoto Protocol. According to this, the country would reduce its emissions to 6 percent of the 1990 level, in fact it was about 30 percent above (much due to the extraction of oil sands in the province of Alberta). Even with the new and tougher rules one would not be able to fulfill the conditions. Baird, however, claimed that the former Liberal government from 1993 to 2006 bore much of the blame for this.
In July, the federal government agreed with the Creole people in northwestern Quebec on an agreement that gave the Indians $ 1.4 billion over a twenty-year period. The money would go towards building up limited self-government as well as care and economic development. The Cree people have had a protracted dispute with the government since 1975, which it accused of failing to fulfill earlier promises.
The unusually mild weather caused the ice in the Arctic to melt, which meant that the Northwest Passage between the Atlantic and the Pacific was ice-free in September, something that has not happened before in the 500 years that have been documented. Competition increased over who would control the Arctic, which today is governed by a series of international treaties. In August, Russia placed a flag on the seabed just over 4 km below the North Pole. Canada, Denmark, Norway and the US have also claimed areas under the pole, where gas and oil are believed to be present. Canada claims that the Northwest Passage is located on Canadian territory while the United States considers it international water.
Canada’s participation in the US-led ISAF force in Afghanistan is a sensitive domestic policy issue. It came to light when Canadian military police at the beginning of the year were accused of assaulting three Afghan prisoners in connection with interrogations. The government decided in February to launch a public inquiry into this. Shortly thereafter, a Senate committee recommended that the country reconsider its military involvement in Afghanistan unless other NATO countries strengthened their forces there. According to press reports in April, Harper had ignored information that Taliban captured by Canadian forces had been subjected to torture by Afghan security forces. The number of Canadian casualties has risen sharply since Canada took command of NATO operations in the troubled Qandahar area in 2006.
During the fall, the government’s policy on Afghanistan, tax cuts and the environment was the subject of several votes in the lower house. Harper’s ministry was vulnerable because it had only 126 of the 308 seats. In some of the polls, the government was supported by the Bloc Québécois (BQ) and the New Democratic Party (NDP), but in one case it survived by the Liberal Party (LP) casting its votes. The Liberals were behind the conservatives in the polls and did not want a new election. The Conservatives also wanted to wait for an election because the party did not think it could get its own majority.
Several provincial elections were held during the year. First out was Quebec on March 26. The election was a setback for the governing liberals who received 48 seats, 25 fewer than 2003. The next largest party unexpectedly became the bourgeois and populist Action Démocratique du Québec (ADQ), which wants greater autonomy for the province, with 41 seats, while the separatist Party Québécois (PQ) got 36. The Liberals formed a minority government – the first in Quebec since 1878.
On May 22, it was Manitoba’s turn to hold elections. The ruling NDP was re-elected with 36 of the 57 seats in the provincial parliament. Six days later, the Liberals defeated the Conservative Progressive Conservative Party (PCP) in Prince Edward Island. The PCP had ruled the province since 1998. In September/October, 19 independent candidates were elected to Parliament in the Northwest Territories. On October 9, PCP won 43 of 48 seats in Newfoundland and Labrador. The next day LP won again in Ontario with 71 of the 107 seats. The following month, the Saskatchewan Civil Party won 37 of 58 seats in the province of Saskatchewan and thus was able to take over government power from the NDP.
Canada weather in March, April and May
Average daily temperatures between 11 ° C and 17 ° C can be expected over the next three months. In Vancouver it gets warmest in May, while March is noticeably cooler.
Do you want to go on a beach holiday? The water temperatures are in March, April and May 8-11 ° C. So the weather is not suitable for swimming.
The expected rainfall is around 19 days in March, around 16 days in April and around 12 days in May.
In the period from March to May , the sun shines on average between 4 and 7 hours a day. The sunniest weather is in May in Vancouver, but with less sun you will have to get by in March.