Geography in Zambia

Geography in Zambia

Africa
Zambia borders the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north and northwest, Angola to the west, Namibia, Botswana and Zimbabwe to the south, and Mozambique, Malawi and Tanzania from southeast to northeast. According to ezinereligion, Zambia's 752,614 km² land area is mostly located on low relief plateaus between 1000 and 1400 meters above sea level. In the north of Zambia lies the Bangweulu basin on the floor of a huge, 1.8 billion year old volcanic crater. The plateau of the Copperbelt connects to the south, the Luapula valley to the west, and the Mporokosoberge to the north. In the east, the Bangweulu basin is bounded by the Muchinga Mountains, on which the Luangwa Valley stretches from north to south and is bounded in the east by the Mafinga Hills,…
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WHO Structure

WHO Structure

Africa, Asia, Europe, North and Central America, Oceania, South America
The WHO governing body is the World Health Assembly, which meets in May each year, usually at the organization's headquarters in Geneva. The World Health Assembly appoints the director general and decides on the budget and the direction of the activities and more. Each member state has one vote. The countries' delegations to the World Health Assembly are usually led by the Minister of Social Affairs or Health. The WHO also has a board that, among other things, must ensure that the parish's decisions are enforced and provide advice to the secretariat on medical matters. The board also prepares various proposals for the World Health Assembly's meetings and also has the right to decide on emergency measures in the event of disasters. The board consists of 34 members who are…
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The 10 most beautiful beaches in the world

The 10 most beautiful beaches in the world

Africa, Asia, Europe, North and Central America, South America
It is not an easy task to answer the question: "Where are the 10 most beautiful beaches in the world?". Surely the impressions and judgments are different. In recent years, surveys have attempted to answer this question several times. Baia do Sancho, Fernando de Noronha, Brazil: Fernando de Noronha is an archipelago in Brazil and was added to the list of World Heritage by UNESCO. Its pristine beaches and incomparable flora and fauna attract tourists from all over the world every year. Baia do Sancho is the most beautiful beach in Brazil and is divided into two sectors. The sea is very calm all year round and well protected from the easterly winds. Strong winds follow in the months from November to April, so that surfers can practice their sport…
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The top 10 most expensive hotel suites in the world

The top 10 most expensive hotel suites in the world

Africa, Asia, Europe, Oceania
If you are looking for unusual accommodations, this is the place for you, but it's not that cheap. In the world of the rich and beautiful, the greenback is still the hot currency, so all prices are given in US dollars. The Royal Penthouse Suite at the President Wilson Hotel, Geneva The 1800-square-foot suite costs a whopping $ 67,000 a night. It offers twelve feudal bedrooms with 12 marble bathrooms and a terrace that runs along the entire hotel front and offers panoramic views of Geneva, Lake Geneva and the Alps - including Mont Blanc. There is a Steinway grand piano, a Bang & Olufsen sound system and exclusive works of art. Bill Clinton, Michael Jackson and Bill Gates already lived here. The Ty Warner Penthouse at the Four Seasons…
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Zimbabwe 2007

Zimbabwe 2007

Africa
Yearbook 2007 Zimbabwe. According to CountryAAH, Harare is the capital city of Zimbabwe. Zimbabwe remained one of Africa's most controversial countries, in constant confrontation with the Western world. Opposition politicians were subjected to repeated police interventions and beatings. One of the few who openly dared to criticize President Robert Mugabe and his government was the Catholic Archbishop of Bulawayo, Pius Ncube, who called for street protests and even foreign intervention to overthrow the regime. As a church leader, he enjoyed some protection against physical abuse, but when state media accused him of lewdness and published a picture purported to depict him in bed with a married female parish worker, he was forced to ask for dismissal. The disastrous economic situation persisted. Inflation, which was just over 1,200 percent at the…
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Zambia 2007

Zambia 2007

Africa
Yearbook 2007 Zambia. Disagreement over a new constitution characterized the domestic policy debate during the year. The most contentious issue in the new constitution concerns changes in the president's power. The opposition accused the government of delaying the process and directing the work too much. According to CountryAAH, Lusaka is the capital city of Zambia. President Levy Mwanawasa wants the new constitution, after referral work and public debate, to be adopted by a referendum. He threatened those who oppose a vote of treason. In May, a court in London sentenced former President Frederick Chiluba and a number of his associates for embezzling the equivalent of nearly SEK 300 million. He was required to repay 85 percent of the sum to the Zambian state. That a civil case against Chiluba could…
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Western Sahara 2007

Africa
Yearbook 2007 Western Sahara. Since the United Nations Security Council in April had voted through Resolution 1754, which required Morocco and the Western Sahara Independence Movement Polisario to launch unconditional talks on the V. conflict, the parties met for the first time in over ten years on June 18-19 in direct talks. The meeting, which also included representatives of Algeria and Mauritania, was held outside New York under the leadership of UN Special Envoy Peter Van Walsum. The parties, which met again in August, were allowed to take part in the UN's assessment of eg. V's natural resources and local administration. Confidence-building measures were discussed. All parties were said to agree that the current situation was "unacceptable", but nothing leaked about any concrete progress. Western Sahara - El Aaiun El…
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Uzbekistan 2007

Uzbekistan 2007

Africa
Yearbook 2007 Uzbekistan. In April, the Uzbek regime stopped the UN Commissioner for Human Rights from visiting the country. But international criticism of the regime's repression of human rights became fierce during the year. According to CountryAAH, Tashkent is the capital city of Uzbekistan. Human Rights Watch and the UN Committee Against Torture presented reports of harrowing testimony from arrested regime critics of abuse, electric shocks, sexual humiliation and threats of physically harming relatives. There was also evidence that at least one prisoner had previously been killed in a Uzbek prison. Mental torture was reported to be increasingly common against those arrested accused of Islamic extremism. One woman told her her husband had to crawl naked for hours and that prison guards urinated on him and other prisoners when they…
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Uganda 2007

Uganda 2007

Africa
Yearbook 2007 Uganda. Peace talks between the government and the militia movement According to CountryAAH, Kampala is the capital city of Uganda. The Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) was held in rounds in southern Sudan. The ceasefire closed in 2006 was renewed in mid-April after expiring February 28. In an attempt to speed up the negotiations, the government made some concessions. Among other things, the circle of mediators was expanded to include representatives of Kenya, Tanzania, South Africa and Mozambique since the rebels expressed dissatisfaction with the South Sudanese government. The rebel soldiers to be disarmed were also allowed to gather in one place in southern Sudan instead of being split between two collection camps. A crackdown in the efforts to secure peace in northern Uganda is the charges brought by…
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Tunisia 2007

Tunisia 2007

Africa
Yearbook 2007 Tunisia. Police hit several times during the year along with people suspected of being militant Islamists. In January, twelve people were killed - according to the government terrorists - in fighting four miles south of the capital Tunis. Fifteen people were arrested. In April, about 1,000 people in the past two years were reportedly arrested in Tunisia for terrorist offenses. According to CountryAAH, Tunis is the capital city of Tunisia. A number of Islamists were said to have been convicted during the year, but the reporting on this was scarce and reached the outside world mainly through Arabic-speaking media abroad. Three people, who were extradited from Syria in 2005, were reportedly sentenced in May to up to eleven years in prison for attempting to join militant Islamist groups…
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Togo 2007

Togo 2007

Africa
Yearbook 2007 Togo. After almost four months of delay for technical and organizational reasons, general elections were held in October. For the first time since 1990, the leading opposition party was running. According to CountryAAH, Lome is the capital city of Togo. The Union of Change (UFC), led by fugitive politician Gilchrist Olympio, boycotted a series of elections in protest against organized cheating and violence against oppositionists. However, since the new President Faure Gnassingbé took office in 2005, Togo has taken significant steps towards peace and reconciliation. Government Party The Togolese People's Assembly (RPT), with the most well-oiled electoral machinery, won big with 50 of Parliament's 81 seats. The UFC received 27 seats. Negotiations on cooperation became unsuccessful and the unifying government that led the country since 2006 was replaced…
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Tanzania 2007

Tanzania 2007

Africa
Yearbook 2007 Tanzania. According to CountryAAH, DDodoma is the capital city of Tanzania. Foreign Minister Asha-Rose Migiro was appointed Deputy Secretary-General of the UN in February. She had been Foreign Minister for just one year, before that she was responsible for rural development, gender equality and children's rights for four years. The human rights organization Human Rights Watch (HRW) called on Tanzania to suspend the banishment of up to 60,000 people of Rwandan origin and an unknown number with a background in Burundi. The ban began in 2006 and, according to Tanzania, affects people who have illegally resided in the country. However, many of those affected have lived in Tanzania all their lives and have previously been considered citizens. HRW criticized the indiscriminate selection methods and the often brusque treatment…
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Suriname 2007

Suriname 2007

Africa
Yearbook 2007 Suriname. According to CountryAAH, Paramaribo is the capital city of Suriname. A UN committee set up to resolve the protracted border dispute between Suriname and Guyana came on September 21 with its ruling; both countries received half of the disputed offshore land area, where large oil deposits are believed to exist. Both governments said they were happy with the results, but Guyana is believed to have received most of the oil deposits. Another border conflict came to light in July when a Native American protest protested that the French army had prevented Indians from fishing in an area on the border between Suriname and French Guiana. Both countries claim rights to the area, but France has unilaterally created a 2 million hectare national park there. In May 1991,…
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Sudan 2007

Sudan 2007

Africa
Yearbook 2007 Sudan. In January, 14 UN agencies reported that their humanitarian efforts in the Darfur region risked collapsing unless security was improved. According to CountryAAH, Khartoum is the capital city of Sudan. The situation in Darfur engaged the world community throughout the year, but despite the fact that 2.5 million people in the region lost their homes and over 200,000 were killed since 2003, this year no significant progress was made in efforts to stop the violence. The conflict in Darfur also affected the situation in the eastern parts of Chad and led to some border fighting on some occasions. In May, the governments of both countries pledged to work with the UN and the African Union (AU) to stabilize the entire region. The Sudanese regime was pressured to…
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South Africa 2007

South Africa 2007

Africa
Yearbook 2007 South Africa. According to CountryAAH, Cape Town is the capital city of South Africa. The most extensive strikes since the apartheid era were carried out during the year. Throughout June, about half a million civil servants quit the job, leading to the closure of most schools and the emergency medical services only with the help of military doctors. At the beginning of the strike, the national organization COSATU demanded a salary increase of 12 percent and was offered 6 percent. When the strike was quit at the end of the month, the pay rise stopped at 7.5 percent. Immediately following this conflict, a quarter of a million metalworkers went on strike for four days for a better wage offer. the oil refineries for just over a week. Relations…
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Somalia 2007

Somalia 2007

Africa
Yearbook 2007 Somalia. In early January, Provisional Government President Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmad arrived in the capital Mogadishu, where, just before the New Year, Ethiopian forces had driven out the Islamist militia that ruled the city in the fall of 2006. Several of the city's warlords joined the government side. In southern Somalia, US flights carried out a pair of bombs against the remains of the Islamist militia, which according to the United States was linked to the terror network al-Qaeda. Soon, however, it turned out that the government troops and the Ethiopian army did not have full control over Mogadishu. Both Islamists and local clan militia continued to resist and the fighting increased rapidly. A total of 1,200 Ugandan soldiers, who would represent an African Union peacekeeping force, arrived in…
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Slovenia 2007

Slovenia 2007

Africa
Yearbook 2007 Slovenia. From the turn of the year, Slovenia became the 13th country to join the EU's monetary union EMU. According to CountryAAH, Ljubljana is the capital city of Slovenia. The switch from the old currency tolls to the euro went painlessly, although some consumers complained about price increases. In the autumn, the Slovenians elected a new president. The incumbent President Janez Drnovšek did not stand for re-election. In the first round, the Conservative former prime minister Lojze Peterle won, but in the second, crucial round of elections in November, left candidate Danilo Türk won with almost 70 percent of the vote. For the bourgeois government, it was something of a defeat that the voters appointed a new left president. The President has a largely symbolic role in Slovenia…
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Slovakia 2007

Slovakia 2007

Africa
Yearbook 2007 Slovakia. After last year's economic growth of 7.9 percent, the government feared overheating and rising inflation. Therefore, in March it was decided to write up the value of the Slovak Koruna against the euro by 8.5 percent. According to CountryAAH, Bratislava is the capital city of Slovakia. Economic growth was largely based on foreign investment, especially in the automotive industry. As car manufacturers struck again in Western Europe, they opened new factories in Slovakia. Hyundai, Volkswagen, Peugeot and others was included in the expansion of the automotive industry, which aimed to produce 800,000 cars in 2008, of which 90 percent would be exported. Despite the expansion of industry and the decline in unemployment, in May Slovakia had the highest unemployment rate in the EU of 10.8 percent. In…
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Sierra Leone 2007

Sierra Leone 2007

Africa
Yearbook 2007 Sierra Leone. According to CountryAAH, Freetown is the capital city of Sierra Leone. The UN-backed Special Court for Sierra Leone handed down its first judgments in July. Three members of the Armed Forces Revolutionary Council (AFRC), the military junta that ruled the country illegally in 1997-98, were sentenced to long prison terms for a variety of war crimes, including murder, rape and mutilation. Alex Tamba Brima and Santigie Borbor Kanu were each sentenced to 50 years and Brima Bazzy Kamara to 45 years. In September, two members of the Civil Defense Forces (CDF), a government-friendly militia also known as Kamajor, were sentenced to eight years and six years in prison, for example. murder and cruel treatment of prisoners. CDF's leader, former Interior Minister Sam Hinga Norman, died in…
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Seychelles 2007

Seychelles 2007

Africa
Yearbook 2007 Seychelles. According to CountryAAH, Victoria is the capital city of Seychelles. President James Michel's ruling party, the Seychelles Progressive People's Front (SPPF), retained its 23 seats in the National Assembly following the May 10-12 parliamentary elections. The party, which has ruled since 1977, still has an absolute majority in the parliament, which has a total of 35 seats. The two main opposition parties, the Seychelles National Party (SNP) and the Democratic Party (DP), joined forces in a coalition and gained 11 seats, which was as many as the SNP alone had before. The turnout was close to 86 percent. The SNP had boycotted the National Assembly since October 2006, among other things. in protest of what the party considered to be police violence against protesters. SNP leader Wavel…
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Senegal 2007

Senegal 2007

Africa
Yearbook 2007 Senegal. According to CountryAAH, Dakar is the capital city of Senegal. Catholic priest Augustin Diamacoune Senghor, one of the leaders of the MFDC (Movement des Forces Democratique de la Casamance) separatist movement in Casamance in the south, died in January in Paris. Before the presidential and parliamentary elections during the year, several interventions were made against independent media, and the authorities banned a demonstration organized by the opposition. Idrissa Seck, who was prime minister in 2002–04, returned in January to President Abdoulaye Wades Senegal's Democratic Party (PDS). He had been released from corruption charges the year before and formed a new party. Still, Seck decided to run for Wade in the February 25 presidential election. Prior to the election, clashes occurred between the President and Seck's supporters. Before…
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Sao Tome and Principe 2007

Sao Tome and Principe 2007

Africa
Yearbook 2007 São Tomé and Príncipe. According to CountryAAH, Sao Tome is the capital city of Sao Tome and Principe. The World Bank and the International Monetary Fund repaid São Tomé and Príncipe's multilateral debt of US $ 327 million, representing 91 percent of the country's total foreign debt. Debt amortization, a reward for the government's economic reforms, would have been granted as early as 2003 but was postponed due to political instability and ambiguity with the law governing the exploitation of the country's supposed oil resources. During the fall, the small island nation was shaken by three minor revolts within the Ninjas elite police force. The police claimed that they had not received promised financial compensation for participation in special education in Angola in 2003. They occupied the police…
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Rwanda 2007

Rwanda 2007

Africa
Yearbook 2007 Rwanda. According to CountryAAH, Kigali is the capital city of Rwanda. The French counterpart to the Migration Court in February rejected an asylum application from Agathe Habyarimana, widow of Rwanda's former president Juvénal Habyarimana. The reason for the rejection was that she may have been responsible for genocide, which the Rwandan government claimed without hearing since she was given protection in France in 1994. An organization for survivors of the genocide filed a lawsuit against her in a French court. Rwanda requested her extradition and facilitated the possibility of it by abolishing the death penalty in July. About 800 people had their death sentences converted to life imprisonment. The UN-backed War Criminal Court (ICTR) in Arusha, Tanzania, which needs to be relieved, submitted a case to another country…
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Republic of the Congo 2007

Republic of the Congo 2007

Africa
Yearbook 2007 Congo. Under chaotic forms, parliamentary elections were held in June and August. Despite protests against major shortcomings in the arrangements, the election was approved, and the ruling Labor Party with allies was declared victors with 124 of the 137 seats. However, the head of the election authority was dismissed. According to CountryAAH, Brazzaville is the capital city of Republic of the Congo. French police opened an investigation against Republic of the Congo President Denis Sassou-Nguesso for suspected use of state funds in the purchase of private property in France. A French court also decided to resume the investigation of Sassou-Nguesso's suspected involvement in the disappearance of hundreds of returning Congolese refugees in 1999. The president described the legal cases as "racist" and "colonial". In August, the Global Witness…
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Nigeria 2007

Nigeria 2007

Africa
Yearbook 2007 Nigeria. The first months of the year were completely dominated by the preparations for the general elections to be held in April. A fierce and aggressive atmosphere characterized the country. According to CountryAAH, Abuja is the capital city of Nigeria. Vice President Atiku Abubakar, who supported the ruling party in 2006 by criticizing President Olusegun Obasanjo and then switching parties, was disqualified by the electoral commission from running for president in the election because of corruption suspicions. Only a few days before the election, the Supreme Court granted him permission to stand. In the first round, governor and state elections were held, characterized by cheating, threats and violence. About fifty people were killed. The presidential and parliamentary elections a week later also took place in chaotic and violent…
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Niger 2007

Niger 2007

Africa
Yearbook 2007 Niger. An old conflict with the Tuaregic minority in the north caught fire at the beginning of the year. The Tuaregs believe that the government has failed to fulfill the promises of work and political influence given in a peace agreement that in 1995 set the stage for an armed uprising. A guerrilla called the Nigerian Justice Movement (MNJ) conducted a series of attacks on military posts, power plants, fuel depots, airfields and mines during the year. At least some 40 army soldiers were killed and several were captured by the guerrillas. The army sent about 4,000 soldiers to reinforce the area around the city of Agadez. According to CountryAAH, Niamey is the capital city of Niger. The resumed guerrilla war coincided with new attempts by the government…
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Namibia 2007

Namibia 2007

Africa
Yearbook 2007 Namibia. According to CountryAAH, Windhoek is the capital city of Namibia. Ten men were sentenced in August to between 30 and 32 years in prison for treason. They were charged with participating in an armed uprising in the Caprivi Strip in 1999 and have been in custody since 2002. A parallel trial against 119 other people from Caprivi has been ongoing for several years. Former President Sam Nujoma resigned as chairman of the SWAPO (South West Africa People's Organization) government party, which he led since it was founded as a liberation movement in 1960. Nujoma's successor to the presidential post, Hifikepunye Pohamba, also replaced him as party leader. Representatives of the German von Trotha family visited N. in October to ask for forgiveness for the massacre their ancestor…
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Mozambique 2007

Mozambique 2007

Africa
Yearbook 2007 Mozambique. As a sign that the civil war in Mozambique may begin to be adapted to history books, the British HALO Foundation announced that it has completed 13 years of mine clearance work in the northern provinces. In the central parts of the country, the government has already assumed responsibility for harming the relatively few land mines that remain. Economy Inflation rate 15.30% Unemployment rate 24.5% Gross domestic product (GDP) $ 37,090,000,000 GDP growth rate 3.70% GDP per capita 1,300 USD GDP by sector Agriculture 23.90% Industry 19.30% Service 56.80% State budget Revenue 1.834 billion Expenditure 1.98 billion Proportion of the population below the national poverty line 52% Distribution of household income Top 10% 36.7 Lower 10% 1.9 Industrial production growth rate 2.10% Investment volume 17.4% of GDP…
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Morocco 2007

Morocco 2007

Africa
Yearbook 2007 Morocco. According to CountryAAH, Rabat is the capital city of Morocco. The state's struggle against militant Islamists escalated. On January 4, 26 Moroccans were arrested on suspicion of being part of a terrorist network recruiting militant Islamists to the Iraq war. On March 2, eight people were sentenced to imprisonment of up to 15 years for planning terror attacks in Europe. The principal was said to have collaborated with North Africa's largest Islamist group, al-Qa'ida's organization in the Islamic Maghreb. Another trial, against more than 50 people suspected of planning terror attacks, including against several ministers, had to be postponed or updated several times during the spring. Four people suspected of being suicide bombers were killed in March and April in Casablanca as their explosive charges detonated prematurely…
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Mauritius 2007

Mauritius 2007

Africa
Yearbook 2007 Mauritius. About 2,000 people from the British-controlled Chagos Islands in the Indian Ocean, who were displaced from there 30 years ago, were allowed to return home in May. According to CountryAAH, Port Louis is the capital city of Mauritius. An appeal court in London then rejected an appeal from the British government and instead upheld a 2006 ruling that gave the islanders the right to move back. The conflict between Mauritius and Britain dates back to 1966, when Britain leased the Chagos Islands' largest island, Diego Garcia, to the United States, which built a military base there. Britain forced the approximately 2,000 Chagos to move to Mauritius, 20 miles southeast of the islands. There many of them live in poverty and some of them are refugees in the…
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Mauritania 2007

Mauritania 2007

Africa
Yearbook 2007 Mauritania. According to CountryAAH, Nouakchott is the capital city of Mauritania. Presidential elections were held in March as a final step in the transition from military to civilian rule after the bloody coup in 2005, when a military junta took power. Juntan overthrew the then President Maaouya Ould Sid'Ahmed Taya, who had ruled the country with iron hand for 21 years. In the first round of the unusual election on March 11, when the military junta voluntarily left power, 20 presidential candidates participated. The military junta had forbidden its own members to stand. Most votes were given to Sidi Ould Sheikh Abdellahi, an independent candidate who had the support of the army. His main opponent was the old opposition leader from the Party of Democratic Forces (RFD), Ahmed…
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Mali 2007

Mali 2007

Africa
Yearbook 2007 Mali. In April, President Amadou Toumani Touré was easily re-elected for a second term. The popular former general, who paved the way for democracy in Mali in 1992, received just over 68 percent of the vote in the presidential election. In July, the Alliance for Democracy and Progress received 128 of Parliament's 147 seats. The alliance, which consists of some 40 parties, joins the president, known as "ATT". According to CountryAAH, Bamako is the capital city of Mali. Mali is praised for his democratic system, whose biggest shortcoming is the ever-very low turnout. Since the introduction of democracy, even half of those entitled to vote have never voted. In this year's presidential election, attendance was about 36 percent. After the elections, a strong government reform was implemented. A…
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Malawi 2007

Malawi 2007

Africa
Yearbook 2007 Malawi. As in recent years, 2007 was marked by a power struggle between President Bingu wa Mutharika and the opposition. According to CountryAAH, Lilongwe is the capital city of Malawi. The conflict stems from the fact that the president formed his own party shortly after he was elected as a candidate for the former United Democratic Front (UDF) government party and brought dozens of MPs to his Democratic Progressive Party (DPP). In June, the Supreme Court gave the President of Parliament the power to exclude members who changed parties during the term of office. When 41 members were threatened with being deprived of their seats, a lower court temporarily suspended the process. While the tug of war for parliamentary seats was ongoing, the opposition refused to consider the…
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Madagascar 2007

Madagascar 2007

Africa
Yearbook 2007 Madagascar. According to CountryAAH, Antananarivo is the capital city of Madagascar. President Marc Ravalomanana, who took up his second term in December 2006, reformed the government in January. As new prime minister, he appointed his campaign manager Charles Rabemananjara, a former interior minister with a past in the army. In a referendum in April, just over 75 percent of voters said yes to a series of constitutional changes. They mean that the President is given the right to govern via decree in "emergency situations", the self-government of the six provinces is revoked, that English becomes official language alongside Malagasy and French and that the number of seats in Parliament is reduced. Ahead of this autumn's parliamentary elections, 25 opposition parties formed an alliance against the government. Nevertheless, the…
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Libya 2007

Libya 2007

Africa
Yearbook 2007 Libya. According to CountryAAH, Tripoli is the capital city of Libya. Five Bulgarian nurses and one Bulgarian doctor with a Palestinian background, who were all sentenced to death for having infected Libyan children with HIV, were released in July after eight years in prison. On July 11, the country's highest court ruled the death sentences, but just a week later another body turned the sentences into life imprisonment. It was reported that that decision came since the Benghazi International Fund, funded by a. The EU, the US and Bulgaria had paid close to SEK 3 billion in compensation to relatives of the more than 400 infected children. French President Cecilia Sarkozy visited Libya's leader Muammar al-Khadaffi twice in the case. On her last visit, together with EU Commissioner…
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Liberia 2007

Liberia 2007

Africa
Yearbook 2007 Liberia. After many difficult years, the tormented Liberia hoped for a better future. Sales of diamonds could be resumed after the UN Security Council lifted the export ban. It was introduced to prevent diamond sales from funding warfare in Liberia and neighboring Sierra Leone. The world's largest steelmaker, Arcelor Mittal, decided to invest one billion US dollars in a new iron mine. The project also includes the construction of a new railway and the renovation of ports. According to CountryAAH, Monrovia is the capital city of Liberia. The International Monetary Fund (IMF) made an optimistic assessment of Liberia's economic outlook and predicted annual growth of about 11 percent over the next five years. After the United States and Germany pledged to repay Liberia's total debts to them of…
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Lesotho 2007

Lesotho 2007

Africa
Yearbook 2007 Lesotho. In the February parliamentary elections, ruling Lesotho conquered Congress for Democracy (LCD). According to CountryAAH, Maseru is the capital city of Lesotho. Of the 80 direct-elected seats, 61 were granted LCD, while the All Basotho Convention (ABC) received only 17 seats. ABC was formed in the autumn of 2006 by former Foreign Minister Tom Thabane after resignation from LCD. He got 17 other MPs with him, which led to the government remaining with the smallest possible majority and preferring to announce rapid new elections. Another 40 parliamentary seats were distributed according to a proportional system. A majority of these were awarded to the National Independent Party (NIP), which shortly before the election entered into an alliance with LCD against the party leader's will. The opposition strongly objected…
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Kenya 2007

Kenya 2007

Africa
Yearbook 2007 Kenya. After coming to power in 2002 on the promise to put an end to corruption, President Mwai Kibaki and his government have long been criticized for perhaps even more widespread corruption than under its predecessor Daniel arap Moi. During this election year 2007, Kibaki therefore found it necessary to show initiative and launched in February a network of local offices to which citizens could turn to report corruption cases. Similar projects had been started in the past without significant results. Critics remarked that the cases discovered very rarely led to punishment. When Parliament passed a law in September that allowed the State Commission against corruption to investigate cases only after 2003, many concluded that no members would be subject to embarrassing prosecution during the election campaign. According…
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Ivory Coast 2007

Ivory Coast 2007

Africa
Yearbook 2007 Ivory Coast. At the beginning of the year, the situation in the conflict that split the Ivory Coast since 2002 seemed completely locked. Even more surprising was the news in March that the government and the rebels from the north had made peace after mediating the government in neighboring Burkina Faso. Former rebel leader Guillaume Soro was appointed prime minister and formed a broad unity government. Amnesty was declared retroactive for war crimes, including rape. Only financial crimes were exempted. In April, dismantling of the buffer zone that divided the country began in the middle. UN troops and French soldiers patrolling the zone began moving away and a joint government and rebel force was stationed in the area. Human rights groups raised alarms that the number of civilian…
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Guinea-Bissau 2007

Guinea-Bissau 2007

Africa
Yearbook 2007 Guinea Bissau. According to CountryAAH, Bissau is the capital city of Guinea-Bissau. Former Navy chief Mohamed Lamine Sanha, who was accused of planning a coup against the government in 2006, was murdered outside his home in the capital in January. Former Prime Minister Carlos Gomes Júnior accused in radio president João Bernardo Vieira of being involved in the act and accused him of wanting to gain access to people involved in the coup against him in 1999. Gomes Júnior claimed his life was in danger and fled to UN premises in Bissau. He remained there for two weeks until a restraining order against him was withdrawn. On March 20, Prime Minister Aristides Gomes lost a vote of no confidence in Parliament. He resigned nine days later and was…
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