China 2007

Asia
Yearbook 2007 China. The year was marked by complaints from other countries about piracy and dangerous goods: toothpaste which, instead of glycerine, contained the toxic substance diethylene glycol, dog and cat food laced with melamine, and toys painted with lead paint led to extensive withdrawals of goods in North America and the EU. According to CountryAAH, Beijing is the capital city of China. EU Trade Commissioner Peter Mandelson warned China that the gifts could damage its reputation. China's "iron lady", Deputy Prime Minister Wu Yi, expressed "extreme dissatisfaction" with the comment. But China nevertheless took power against the cheat. Factories were closed and a former director of the Food Agency, 62-year-old Zheng Xiaoyu, was executed for taking bribes in exchange for approval of poisons. In April, the United States reported…
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Cambodia 2007

Asia
General information about Cambodia The Kingdom of Cambodia is known for its medieval Hindu and Buddhist temples in Angkor Wat and Angkor Thom, but also for the later Khmer Rouge rule. Angkor was the most powerful empire in Southeast Asia since the 8th century, with trade links stretching all the way to India for six hundred years. Its capital of one million inhabitants, with its irrigation canals, patio plantations, and temples, was presumably the largest in the world a thousand years ago. However, huge sandstone structures were buried for centuries in the damp, impenetrable jungle before the French discovered them in 1860. Why the world’s most powerful empire was abandoned is still debated today. After the French and Japanese occupation, King Sihanouk allied with Guerrilla Commander Pol Pot. In 1975,…
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Brunei 2007

Asia
Yearbook 2007 Brunei. In June, Brunei signed a comprehensive economic cooperation agreement with Japan. According to CountryAAH, Bandar Seri Begawan is the capital city of Brunei. The two countries will cooperate on, among other things, development of renewable energy, agriculture, forestry, fishing, trade and tourism. That same month, Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah divorced his 31-year-old daughter, Majeedah Bolkiah, who works at the Department of the Environment, with an architect employed by the Prime Minister's Office. The wedding was attended by 2,000 people and the celebration lasted for two weeks. Country data Area: 5765 km2 (world rank: 164) Residents: 429,000 Population density: 74 per km2 (as of 2017, world rank: 170) Capital: Bandar Seri Begawan Official languages: Malay Gross domestic product: 12.1 billion US$; Real growth: 1.3% Gross national product (GNP, per…
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Bhutan 2007

Asia
Yearbook 2007 According to CountryAAH, Thimphu is the capital city of Bhutan. Bhutan and India's leaders signed a revised version of the countries' friendship agreement from 1949 in February. Instead, economic cooperation is now emphasized. The changes gave Bhutan greater independence even though the country is still very dependent on India. In April and May, exercise elections were conducted in two rounds before the real elections in 2008. The interest in the pretense elections, in which four accomplished parties participated, was small; about a third voted. Already on December 31, 2007, elections were held for the parliament's upper house with 25 seats. The voters were appointed 20 by the members and the king the other five. It was the country's first free elections after a hundred years of absolute monarchy.…
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Bangladesh 2007

Asia
Yearbook 2007 Bangladesh. Political unrest in January led to the canceled parliamentary elections being canceled. The promises made in December 2006 on revised electoral votes did not satisfy the opposition, which claimed that the departed government had prepared extensive electoral fraud. The complaints had such strong credibility that the EU decided not to send any observer group. After extensive street protests, President Iajuddin Ahmed left the temporary job as head of government and handed over the responsibility to interimistically lead the country to former Governor of the Governor Fakhruddin Ahmed. At the same time, a state of emergency was announced. Now was a time of settlement with the corrupt political leaders who disgraced Bangladesh. Dozens of leading politicians were arrested and prosecuted, among them a large number of former ministers.…
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Bahrain 2007

Asia
Yearbook 2007 Bahrain. Security forces deployed tear gas and rubber bullets against Shiite protesters on December 19 in a number of villages in the northern part of the kingdom. The protesters reportedly demanded compensation for human rights violations during the 1980s. At least one person was killed in the rattlesnakes, about ten were injured and forty were said to have been arrested. Bahrain's population is dominated by Shia Muslims but the country's leaders are Sunnis. According to CountryAAH, Manama is the capital city of Bahrain. The human rights organization Amnesty International protested in January that two men and one woman, all convicted of murder, had been executed on December 11, 2006. The death penalty had long been used very sparingly in Bahrain. - only once since 1977. In October, the…
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Azerbaijan 2007

Asia
Yearbook 2007 Azerbaijan. According to CountryAAH, Baku is the capital city of Azerbaijan. Azerbaijan's great political significance was reinforced during the year when Russia proposed that Washington and Moscow cooperate on missile defense at a Soviet-built radar station in Azerbaijan. The proposal was an attempt to divert the United States from the plans to create its own robotic defense in the Czech Republic and Poland against possible robot attacks from, Iran. US conflict with Iran is sensitive to Azerbaijan, and Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad visited Azerbaijan during the year. Iran, which has offered Azerbaijan energy cooperation, is keen that Azerbaijan's good relations with the United States should not lead the US military to exploit Azerbaijan territory for attacks against Iran. There has been speculation that the United States would use…
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Armenia 2007

Asia
Yearbook 2007 Armenia. In March, Prime Minister Andranik Markaryan died after a heart attack. Former Secretary of Defense Serzh Sarkisian was appointed new head of government for the coalition between the Republican Party and the United Workers' Party. In May, Armenia's fourth parliamentary elections were held since independence. The opposition made a poor choice and initially refused to accept the election result, but according to election observers from the OSCE, voting was conducted in a clearly better way than in previous elections. There were only a few cases of documented cheating and the election was largely international in standard, according to a report by the OSCE. The election was a huge success for the ruling Republican Party, which took one-third of the vote and nearly doubled its number of seats…
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Afghanistan 2007

Asia
Yearbook 2007 Afghanistan. In the sixth year after the fall of the fundamentalist Taliban regime, peace seemed increasingly remote. Struggles occurred daily throughout the year between the two international forces and resistance movements, mainly the Taliban militia, but especially during the second half of the war, intensified especially in the southern and eastern provinces. The difference between the foreign forces, the US-led "war alliance" Operation Persistent Freedom and the NATO-led "peace alliance" ISAF, also became less and less. In the fall of 2006, 12,000 American soldiers were transferred to ISAF and in February an American general took over the command of the NATO-led force in which Sweden also participates. NATO commander Jaap de Hoop Scheffer publicly said he does not believe in any military solution to the conflict. The number…
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Asia History

Asia History

Asia
The kingdoms of the Mongols Around 1200, Genghis-khan laid the foundation for a Mongol Empire which, under Kublai-khan, covered most of Asia except Japan and Southeast Asia. This in turn led to a more lively relationship with Europe. During the Yüan dynasty, China ruled China until 1368. The last major Mongol conquests of Timur Lenk affected India, Iran and Asia Minor, but did not last long. A descendant founded in 1526 the Great Mogul Kingdom in India, which before the decay of the 18th century included both Northern India and Deccan. Only the Sepoy uprising in 1858 ended this kingdom. As population increased according to Countryaah, about 1250 a new Turkish tribe emerged in the Ottomans, who were expelled from Central Asia by the Mongols. They founded Ottoman Turkey and…
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