Faroe Islands 2007

Europe
Yearbook 2007 Faroe Islands. The Faroe Islands planned record-high investments in new tunnel construction during the year. The Lagtinget decided to build a road tunnel about 12 kilometers below the sea between Streymoy and Suðuroy for the equivalent of close to SEK 1 billion. In addition, the autonomous government negotiated with private contractors a similar tunnel between the capital Tórshavn on Streymoy and Eysturoy to reduce travel time by car from three quarters to a few minutes. Because of its fishing fleet, the Faroe Islands have among the highest emissions of carbon dioxide per capita in the world, but now the island is investing in renewable energy. During the year it was announced that the Faroe Islands are planning to be the first in the Nordic region in 2010 to…
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Estonia 2007

Estonia 2007

Europe
Yearbook 2007 Estonia. The year was dominated by the battle for the so-called Bronze Soldier in Tallinn. It was a Soviet war memorial commemorating the Red Army's victory over the German Nazis, but the Estonians saw the statue as a symbol of the Soviet occupation. Next to the monument were Soviet soldiers buried. According to CountryAAH, Tallinn is the capital city of Estonia. Prime Minister Andrus Ansip wanted to move the bronze soldier and the tombs to a war cemetery, and in January Parliament voted in favor of a law that would make it possible. In February, another law was passed that would force the government to move the monument within 30 days. Russia reacted strongly to the decision and warned of severe consequences in Russian-Estonian relations. Estonian President Toomas…
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Denmark 2007

Denmark 2007

Europe
Yearbook 2007 Denmark. Copenhagen was hit by worse street ravages during the year than usual. The conflict between young activists and police involved the disputed Youth House on Nørrebro, which was sold to a church and was to be demolished. Several violent riots preceded the big battle in early March, when the police took action to evacuate the house. Officers were landed by helicopter on the roof of Ungdomshuset or celebrated with cranes. The evacuation went quickly but was followed by violent protests when a couple of thousand young people participated. Paving stones were used as weapons against the police and barricades and cars were set on fire. Police from all over Denmark were deployed to restore calm. The riots went on and on for three days, when over 640…
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Czech Republic 2007

Czech Republic 2007

Europe
Yearbook 2007 Czech Republic. In January, the Czech Republic gained a new government after nearly eight months of political stalemate. According to CountryAAH, Prague is the capital city of Czech Republic. Former Prime Minister Mirek Topolánek also led the new coalition, consisting of his Democratic National Party (ODS), the Christian Democratic Union and the Green Party. The government was approved by a small majority in Parliament, 100 votes against 97. After fierce political strife, the Liberal-oriented coalition later in the year received support in the Chamber of Deputies for tax cuts and cuts in sickness allowance, unemployment benefits and child support. There was also a battle over foreign policy. The new government was positive about the US desire to place a radar station in the Czech Republic as part of…
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Croatia 2007

Croatia 2007

Europe
Yearbook 2007 Croatia. According to CountryAAH, Zagreb is the capital city of Croatia. The opposition leader and former Prime Minister Ivica Rac̆an passed away in April. He resigned from the post of leader of the Social Democrats a few weeks before he died, when cancer of the brain was detected. Rac̆an was prime minister in 2000–03 and was considered by many to have led the country out of international isolation after the 1990s war. During his reign, democratization was carried out and K. embarked on the road to EU membership. Independent MP Branimir Glavas was arrested in April after a Croatian court indicted him and six others for ordering murders of Croatian civilians in the city of Osijek in 1991. According to abbreviationfinder: HR is the 2-letter acronym for the…
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Bulgaria 2007

Bulgaria 2007

Europe
Yearbook 2007 Bulgaria. On New Year's Day, Bulgaria joined the EU. "A dream came true today," Prime Minister Sergei Stanisev said in a speech on New Year's Day about the coveted membership. In March, an EU minister was appointed and in May the country's first 18 EU parliamentarians were elected. But at the same time, the EU continued to push for continued reform of the judiciary and efforts to combat corruption and organized crime. At the beginning of the year, a constitutional amendment was adopted in accordance with the recommendations of the European Commission, including: to strengthen the judiciary. That the problems continued to be big became clear when the country was shaken by a corruption scandal with ramifications all the way up in the government. First, two deputy ministers…
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Bosnia and Herzegovina 2007

Bosnia and Herzegovina 2007

Europe
Yearbook 2007 Bosnia and Herzegovina. In January, Bosnian Legion Nikola Špiric was commissioned to form a coalition government following the All-Bosnian parliamentary elections held in October. Špiric's predominantly Bosnian Serbian Independent Social Democrats' party, SNSD, had made strong progress in the election. Parliament approved the new seven-party government in February. In the same month, the international community decided to extend its direct involvement in the rule of Bosnia and Herzegovina for one year from the end of the year, when the "High Representative's" mandate would otherwise have expired. The outside world had, through its envoy, supervised the country since the end of the war in 1995. The reason for the extension was that Bosnia and Herzegovina was considered too unstable and the ethnic contradictions overloaded to completely surrender to Bosnian…
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Belgium 2007

Belgium 2007

Europe
Yearbook 2007 Belgium. In a satirical ad on the e-commerce site eBay in September, the whole of Belgium was offered for sale, as "a kingdom, in three parts". Any buyers were advised to buy one of the parts Flanders, Wallonia or Brussels. The background to the ad, which was soon removed from the site, was the political crisis in which Belgium was in. The country was without government since the parliamentary elections just over three months earlier, and there was talk of the risk of the nation falling apart. The June 10 election to both parliament's chambers was a major setback for the largest government party, the liberal VLD, and for the government coalition in general. Guy Verhofstadt filed his resignation after eight years as prime minister. According to abbreviationfinder:…
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Belarus 2007

Belarus 2007

Europe
Yearbook 2007 Belarus is a country located in Eastern Europe. Faced with the threat of shut down gas supplies from Russia, Belarus agreed at the New Year more than doubled the Russian gas price. At the same time, Russia imposed export tax on crude oil to Belarus. As a result, the country lost large revenue through the processing and further export of Russian oil. President Aljaksandr Lukashenka's regime responded to Russia by imposing taxes on Russian crude oil - almost a third of Russia's oil exports - which are transported to Western Europe through Belarusian pipelines. When the flow of Russian oil through Belarus to Poland, Germany, Slovakia, the Czech Republic and Hungary was stopped, the EU countries accused Belarus of being behind. Minsk refused and the EU instead pointed…
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Austria 2007

Austria 2007

Europe
Yearbook 2007 Austria. Shortly after New Year, Austria was given a new government. The deadlock after the parliamentary elections in October was resolved when the Social Democratic SPÖ and the conservative ÖVP formed a so-called large coalition. SPÖ had won the election over the previous ruling party ÖVP by a small margin. Together, the two parties had 134 of the 183 seats in the National Council, Parliament's lower house. They received seven ministerial posts each. New Chancellor became Social Democrat Alfred Gusenbauer. According to abbreviationfinder: AT is the 2-letter acronym for the country of Austria. According to CountryAAH, Vienna is the capital city of Austria. The coalition settlement meant that SPÖ had to withdraw its election promise to drop the fees for university studies. Instead, students were given the opportunity…
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Andorra 2007

Andorra 2007

Europe
Yearbook 2007 Andorra. Prime Minister Albert Pintat Santolària refurnished the government in May. According to CountryAAH, Andorra is the capital city of Andorra. The number of ministers was reduced from eleven to nine. Two ministers retained their previous post, five were given new duties and two were added. According to abbreviationfinder: AD is the 2-letter acronym for the country of Andorra. Andorra weather in March, April and May Average daily temperatures between 10 ° C and 16 ° C can be expected over the next three months. In Andorra la Vella it gets warmest in May, while March is noticeably cooler. Andorra - Andorra la Vella Andorra la Vella Andorra la Vella, capital of Andorra; 19,800 residents (2019). Andorra la Vella, located at Gran Valira in the southern part of…
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Albania 2007

Albania 2007

Europe
Yearbook 2007 Albania. The ruling right-wing coalition suffered a stinging defeat when municipal elections were held in February. The opposition bloc, led by the Socialist Party PSSH, won in a majority of municipalities, including the capital Tirana. The government coalition only won in one major city: Shkodër. As a result of the weak result, Prime Minister Sali Berisha re-furnished the government in March. According to abbreviationfinder: AL is the 2-letter acronym for the country of Albania. One of the small parties, the Christian Democratic PDK, left the government coalition in May. According to CountryAAH, Tirana is the capital city of Albania. The reason was stated to be that the dominant Democratic Party PDS has broken a promise not to stand in an election district in the municipal elections. The departure…
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Aland 2007

Europe
Yearbook 2007 Aland. This fall's election to the Åland Lagting became a major victory for the Liberals, who went from opposition to leadership to the Landscape Board in the self-governing Å. The center produced a mandate for eight, but the leader Roger Nordlund was allowed to leave the land council post and was instead elected as the Lagtinget's president. The major losers of the election were the Social Democrats who lost half of their seats and stayed on three. The Social Democrats resigned from the government, which instead became a purely bourgeois coalition with liberals and center parties. In 2006, Finland and Å lost in the European Court of Justice the fight to sell snus on Finnish territory. From the turn of the year, therefore, a new Åland laying act…
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European Union 2007

European Union 2007

Europe
Yearbook 2007 European Union. Here are some of the events and decisions within the EU that were noted in 2007. During the year, the EU expanded from 25 to 27 nations. Acrylamide. The EU's three-year acrylamide project HEATOX (Heat-induced food toxicants), led by Lund University, was completed in November. The project involved 24 organizations from 14 countries, and the aim was to develop knowledge on a broad front to solve or reduce the problems with acrylamide. Among other things, Sweden's five participating organizations have developed a safe method of analysis for the determination of acrylamide levels in foods, shown on methods that can reduce acrylamide formation in potato products and breads, and have shown that blood tests are better than dietary surveys in epidemiological studies to estimate cancer risk. The…
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Europe Geography

Europe Geography

Europe
Regions of Europe The countries of the European continent are distributed in regions established according to spatial and economic criteria. This division is due to the fact that Europe does not have homogeneous characteristics throughout its territory. Thus, the regions group territories with similar characteristics to facilitate the study of these areas. One of the classifications divides Europe into four regions: Northern Europe: it is the region located at the northern tip of the continent and corresponds to the area with the lowest temperatures among European countries. Basically, it corresponds to the territory of Scandinavia and the Nordic countries such as Norway, Denmark, Sweden, Finland, Latvia and Lithuania. Central-Eastern Europe: this is the region that corresponds to the countries of the former Soviet Union that have become independent, such as…
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Roma, Italy

Roma, Italy

Europe
Roma, former province (since 2015 Città metropolitana) in Latium, Italy, 5 352 km 2, 4.35 million residents; The administrative seat is in Rome. Goethe in Rome Johann Wolfgang von Goethe in Rome From his autobiographical work »Italian Journey« (1816–17) Rome, November 22nd, 1786, on the Feast of Cecilia. I must keep the memory of this happy day vividly in a few lines and at least convey historically what I have enjoyed. It was the most beautiful, calmest weather, a very clear sky and warm sun. I went with [Johann Heinrich Wilhelm] Tischbein to Petersplatz, where we first went up and down and, when it got too warm for us, took a walk in the shadow of the large obelisk, which is just thrown wide enough for two, and ate the…
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British Empire

British Empire

Europe
British Empire, formerly the name for the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and its colonial empire. After the collapse of the colonial empire, that emerged as a loose association Commonwealth of Nations. Britain Britanni | en, Latin Britannia, old name for England and Scotland, probably of Celtic origin. On the prehistory and early history of Britain, the British Isles. Roman times: Caesar drew in 55 and 54 BC. To Britain. The permanent occupation of the country did not begin until Claudius AD 43. Britain had been a Roman province (Britannia maior) since 43: Camulodunum (Colchester) became a legion camp, Londinium (London) became a naval and customs post. After a rising of the British under the Princess Boudicca by Suetonius Paullinus had been suppressed, Gnaeus Iulius Agricola extended…
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Galicia and Cantabria, Spain

Galicia and Cantabria, Spain

Europe
Galicia in Spain One of the autonomous communities of Spain is Galicia. The area of ​​this community is located in the northwest of the country. The four provinces of La Coruna,Lugo, Qurense and Potevedra divide the area among each other. The name was given to theregionfrom the Celtic Galläker, which also means Callaici in Latin. This derived from the passage of time Galiciaas a designation. Landscapes of Galicia Located between the Cantabrian Sea and the Atlantic Ocean, Galicia borders Portugal and the Spanish Autonomous Communities of Castile-León and Asturias. High mountain ranges are predominant in Galicia. These separate the rest of Spain from Galicia. Over half of the area of ​​Galicia is higher than 400 meters. The highest mountain is the Pena Trevinca, which reaches a height of 2,127 meters. The…
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