WHO Structure

WHO Structure

Africa, Asia, Europe, North and Central America, Oceania, South America
The WHO governing body is the World Health Assembly, which meets in May each year, usually at the organization's headquarters in Geneva. The World Health Assembly appoints the director general and decides on the budget and the direction of the activities and more. Each member state has one vote. The countries' delegations to the World Health Assembly are usually led by the Minister of Social Affairs or Health. The WHO also has a board that, among other things, must ensure that the parish's decisions are enforced and provide advice to the secretariat on medical matters. The board also prepares various proposals for the World Health Assembly's meetings and also has the right to decide on emergency measures in the event of disasters. The board consists of 34 members who are…
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The 10 most beautiful beaches in the world

The 10 most beautiful beaches in the world

Africa, Asia, Europe, North and Central America, South America
It is not an easy task to answer the question: "Where are the 10 most beautiful beaches in the world?". Surely the impressions and judgments are different. In recent years, surveys have attempted to answer this question several times. Baia do Sancho, Fernando de Noronha, Brazil: Fernando de Noronha is an archipelago in Brazil and was added to the list of World Heritage by UNESCO. Its pristine beaches and incomparable flora and fauna attract tourists from all over the world every year. Baia do Sancho is the most beautiful beach in Brazil and is divided into two sectors. The sea is very calm all year round and well protected from the easterly winds. Strong winds follow in the months from November to April, so that surfers can practice their sport…
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Valparaiso Travel Guide

Valparaiso Travel Guide

South America
The street scene in Chile’s Valparaíso is colorful. The city buildings glow in all shades of the rainbow. The designers have really let their imagination fly when designing Valparaiso houses. Some fall in love with the bohemian and colorful atmosphere of Valparaíso, while others want to get out of the shabby and confusing city as soon as possible. VALPARAISO AS A DESTINATION Valparaiso is a bohemian city About a two-hour bus ride from the Chilean capital Santiago, Valparaiso is famous above all for its colorfulness, bohemianism and interesting architecture. The houses of the town, located on top of and at the foot of more than 40 hills, are like being thrown into the landscape of shock, and bright colors have been used unprejudicedly on the facades. Art around almost every corner…
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Venezuela 2007

Venezuela 2007

South America
Yearbook 2007 Venezuela. According to CountryAAH, Caracas is the capital city of Venezuela. Latin America's internationally best-known head of state, Venezuela's controversial president Hugo Chávez, made headlines this year as well. Most notable was the racy exchange at the Latin American Summit in Santiago, Chile in November, when Chávez was in open quarrel with Spanish Prime Minister José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, calling his representative José María Aznar fascist; the present Spanish king Juan Carlos  I then asked Chávez to "shut up". The rhetorical champion Chávez was not late to point out that the old colonial power of Spain had asked Latin America to shut up for 500 years, but that it was now over. He decided to freeze relations with Spain until he received an apology from the king. The…
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Uruguay 2007

Uruguay 2007

South America
Yearbook 2007 Uruguay. The conflict with Argentina over the Finnish-built pulp mill on the Uruguay border, which characterized the two countries' relations in 2006, continued this year, despite, among other things. mediation attempt by Spain's King Juan Carlos. Argentine environmental activists, who claim the plant poses an environmental threat to the Uruguay River, continued to block the bridges across the river and hundreds of land steps even on the Uruguayan side in protests at the end of August/September. According to CountryAAH, Montevideo is the capital city of Uruguay. President Tabaré Vázquez, in turn, closed the Uruguayan border stations in early November. A month later, the first shipload of paper left the pulp mill, and from Argentine government circles were heard voices stating that the factory is now in place and…
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Peru 2007

Peru 2007

South America
Yearbook 2007 Peru. The most overwhelming event in Peru during the year was that 69-year-old former president Alberto Fujimori was extradited from Chile in September, where he surprisingly arrived in 2005 after five years of exile in Japan to stand for presidential election in Peru in 2006. According to CountryAAH, Lima is the capital city of Peru. Fujimori was immediately placed in a special prison outside Lima. The deciding factor for the Chilean court's decision was the evidence in the case of the massacres of La Cantuta and Barrios Altos carried out by paramilitary Squadron Colina with Fujimori as the ultimate responsible. He faces 30 years in prison for his participation in the act. He is also charged with violations of human rights, bribery, illegal telephone interception and having known…
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Paraguay 2007

Paraguay 2007

South America
Yearbook 2007 Paraguay. In September, 64-year-old former Lino Oviedo was conditionally released from Viñas Cuif prison outside Asunción, where he has been since 2004 behind a military coup attempt in 1996 and the assassination of Paraguay's Vice President Luís María Argaña in 1999. According to CountryAAH, Asuncion is the capital city of Paraguay. The release, which has been ongoing since the beginning of the year, the political temperature rose for the presidential election in April 2008, which former Bishop Fernando Lugo looked to be able to win for the opposition alliance Concertación Nacional. Opinion polls before Oviedo's release showed that upwards of 70 percent of voters supported Lugo, but also that over 50 percent could think of voting for Oviedo. The ruling Colorado Party candidate Blanca Ovelar came in third…
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Guyana 2007

Guyana 2007

South America
Yearbook 2007 Guyana. At the end of September, a specially appointed UN committee presented its proposal for resolving a long-standing border dispute between Guyana and Suriname. According to the Committee's recommendations, the disputed territorial waters of the Caribbean should be shared equally between the two countries. Guyana is thus believed to have received most of the major oil resources expected to be found in the area, but Suriname nevertheless accepted the proposal. According to CountryAAH, Georgetown is the capital city of Guyana. US authorities accused three Guyanese of intervening in the plans for a terrorist attack on Kennedy Airport in New York during the year. One of the accused, Abdul Kadir, has been a member of parliament and mayor and allegedly helped with the financing of the plan, prepared by…
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Ecuador 2007

Ecuador 2007

South America
Yearbook 2007 Ecuador. The year was completely marked by the preparations for the drafting of a new constitution. On November 29, the Constituent Assembly convened and announced immediately that the regular National Congress, during the six months of work on a new constitution, would cease to function and the ongoing legislative work be overseen by a special congressional committee. Only after a referendum is held on the new constitution will elections for a new national congress be announced. The Prosecutor General and the Auditor General were also replaced. According to CountryAAH, Quito is the capital city of Ecuador. The measures were fully in line with the efforts to renew democracy in the country which the government has long since announced. aims to replace the old corrupt party system with a…
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Colombia 2007

Colombia 2007

South America
Yearbook 2007 Colombia. A minor diplomatic crisis with Venezuela erupted in November after President Álvaro Uribe refused to further mediate with leftist guerrilla FARC (Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia) via neighboring country president Hugo Chávez. According to Uribe, Chávez had made far-reaching pledges to the FARC, and his offer for a general prisoner exchange on demilitarized Colombian territory eventually became too much for Uribe. President Chávez, who enjoys acknowledged great confidence at FARC, responded by suspending all relations with Colombia as long as Uribe is president. Chávez's mediation efforts were primarily concerned with the 45 people who are being held hostage by FARC, including former presidential candidate Ingrid Betancourt who has been a prisoner for six years. Before the mediation work broke down, however, it had come quite a long…
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Chile 2007

Chile 2007

South America
Yearbook 2007 Chile. According to CountryAAH, Santiago is the capital city of Chile. A major strike broke out on June 25 at the state copper mining company Corporación del Cobre (Codelco), and not until a month later was a new wage agreement reached. The five-week strike meant lost revenue of up to $ 100 million for Codelco, which alone accounts for 11 percent of the world's copper production. A worse labor market conflict was the general strike announced by the Central Unitaria de Trabajadores (CUT) in late August in protest of several elements of President Michelle Bachelet's policy. In several places, riots broke out in connection with demonstrations and a total of 600 people were arrested, most of them in Santiago on August 29 when the protesters tried to reach…
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Brazil 2007

Brazil 2007

South America
Yearbook 2007 Brazil. The state-owned oil company Petrobras announced in early November the discovery of a new oil deposit at very large depth at the so-called Tupí field outside Rio de Janeiro, which can contain the equivalent of 8 billion barrels. If the calculations are correct, Brazil can become one of the world's largest oil exporting countries within 5-10 years, and President Lula da Silva stated that Brazil aims to one day become a member of OPEC. Most analysts agreed that the deposit could affect the balance of power throughout South America, where Venezuela, under Hugo Chávez, dominated the political scene, partly through its position in the oil world. The discovery also affected Brazil's December negotiations with Bolivia on natural gas imports, where Petrobras had major interests. Otherwise, President Lula…
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Bolivia 2007

Bolivia 2007

South America
Yearbook 2007 Bolivia. According to CountryAAH, Sucre is the capital city of Bolivia. The conflict between the central government of La Paz and the so-called Crescent Region (the eastern provinces of Tarija, Beni, Santa Cruz and Pando) that had been latent for several years took a serious turn in mid-December when the provinces took a serious threat to an earlier threat and explained its independence. The measure was expected after a year of increasing unrest and polarization in the country and came as a direct response to the new constitution approved by the Constituent Assembly in Oruro on December 9. The new constitution was also rejected by the political opposition as illegal because the opposition's boycott of the constituent assembly's meetings meant that the assembly was not complete. The opposition…
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Argentina 2007

Argentina 2007

South America
Yearbook 2007 Argentina. The October 28 presidential election was historically in many ways. For the first time, the two main candidates were women and consequently a woman was also elected president, the fourth in Latin American history. Senator Cristina Fernández de Krichner from the ruling coalition Frente para la Victoria (FPV) won with 45 percent of the votes cast. The election result was attributed to a number of factors - the good economy, the crucial importance of the Province of Buenos Aires (with 40 percent of the electoral votes), a divided opposition, but above all the popularity that surrounded Fernández de Kirchner's husband, the incumbent President Néstor Kirchner. The victory margin was the largest since the reintroduction of democracy in Argentina in 1983, and in some parts of northern Argentina…
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Latin America Music and Dance

Latin America Music and Dance

South America
According to Countryaah, South America has a land area of 17,850,000 square kilometers, accounting for about 12% of the world’s land area. Country Upcoming elections Turnout Argentina Parliamentary elections 2021, presidential elections 2023 81% in the 2019 presidential election; 78 percent in the 2017 congressional election Bolivia presidential and parliamentary elections 2025 88 percent in presidential and parliamentary elections (2020) Brazil presidential and congressional elections 2022 79.7 percent in the election October 7, 2018 Chile presidential and congressional elections 2021 47 percent in the congressional election and 1st round of the presidential election 2017, 48.5 percent in the 2nd round of the presidential election 2017 Colombia presidential and congressional elections 2022 53 percent in the 2018 presidential election, 49 percent in the 2018 congressional election Ecuador 2nd round of presidential…
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