According to ezinereligion, in 2007, Chile had an estimated population of over 16 million people, composed of multiple ethnic groups including Mapuche, Aymara and Rapa Nui. The official language was Spanish but several other languages were also spoken. The economy was largely based on exports of copper, fish products, fruits and wine. In terms of foreign relations, Chile had close ties with its neighbors Argentina and Peru and maintained diplomatic relations with several other countries such as the United States, the United Kingdom and France. Politically, Chile was a presidential republic led by President Michelle Bachelet since 2006 until her term ended in 2010. Following her term Sebastián Piñera became President in 2010 and is still in power today.
Chile. According to CountryAAH, Santiago is the capital city of Chile. A major strike broke out on June 25 at the state copper mining company Corporación del Cobre (Codelco), and not until a month later was a new wage agreement reached. The five-week strike meant lost revenue of up to $ 100 million for Codelco, which alone accounts for 11 percent of the world’s copper production. A worse labor market conflict was the general strike announced by the Central Unitaria de Trabajadores (CUT) in late August in protest of several elements of President Michelle Bachelet’s policy. In several places, riots broke out in connection with demonstrations and a total of 600 people were arrested, most of them in Santiago on August 29 when the protesters tried to reach the presidential palace and riots erupted. The events caused President Bachelet’s already declining popularity figures to decline further.
On October 4, Lucia Hiriart, former dictator Augusto Pinochet’s widow, was arrested, along with her five children and 17 other people. They were accused of embezzling about $ 20 million of state funds during the 1973–90 dictatorship.
- According to abbreviationfinder: CI is the 2-letter acronym for the country of Chile.
Chile weather in March, April and May
Average daily temperatures between 12 ° C and 27 ° C can be expected over the next three months. It gets warmest in March in Santiago, noticeably cooler in May in Puerto Montt. Temperatures in Santiago are between 19 and 27 ° C, in Antofagasta between 18 and 22 ° C and in Puerto Montt between 12 and 17 ° C.
Do you want to go on a beach holiday? The water temperatures are in March, April and May 12-20 ° C.
The expected rainfall is around 2 days in March, around 5 days in April and around 7 days in May.
In the period from March to May , the sun shines on average between 0 and 9 hours a day. The sunniest weather is in March in Antofagasta, with less sun you will have to get by in March in Santiago.
The role of the United States in the coup
US political influence manifested itself ever stronger from the mid-60’s as the possibility of a left-wing election victory increased. In 1964, the CIA funded a series of projects to prevent a left victory: “Direct influence on the country’s largest newspaper, El Mercurio”, “black propaganda”, “20 CIA produced daily radio broadcasts on 3 radio stations in Santiago and 24 district broadcasters”, “anti-communist scare campaigns “And” direct support to civil parties “were among the operations revealed by a North American Senate committee on the CIA’s operations in 1964.
The pattern repeated itself before the 1970 elections. During the period between the September elections and Congress’s approval of the November election results, a hectic activity unfolded to prepare for a military coup that could hinder Allende’s deployment. In addition to the CIA, the large North American telecommunications company ITT was also involved. All details about the CIA’s business during Allende’s presidency have yet to be revealed, but it is known that they spent about $ 7 million in support of civil parties, organizations and newspapers to “put maximum pressure on the Allende government to prevent it from consolidating itself and restrict its ability to conduct a policy that went against the interests of the United States and the continent, ”as the North American Senate report noted.
At the same time, CIA money was the source of funding for the fateful truck strike in October 1972, which paralyzed the entire transport network and brought the country into a political crisis. It has also been established that the CIA maintained good contacts with the intelligence and military forces under Allende. But the US Department of Defense, the Pentagon, was also involved in planning the coup itself. In the days leading up to the coup, a joint Chilean-North American naval exercise was officially carried out off Valparaíso, but the real purpose was for the United States military to have direct contact with the officers conducting the coup.
The United States’ main contribution to the undermining of Allende’s government was likely the launch of an international credit boycott and the attempts to embarrass copper exports: the World Bank did not grant Chile a single loan during this period; IMF gave no credits other than those who automatically acceded to Chile as a member state; The Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) gave two loans totaling $ 11.6 million to conservative universities, while the US private banks and its own credit agencies AID and the Export-Import Bank in August 1971 stopped all credits on order of Finance Minister J. Conolly. On the copper front, claims for the seizure of copper shipments were raised until the companies had been compensated. The economic warfare was particularly effective because Chile had a huge foreign debt to be paid off by about $ 500 million annually, while the need for agricultural commodity imports increased due to the greater purchasing power of the working class following the implementation of social reforms.