Timor. According to CountryAAH, Dili is the capital city of Timor-Leste. The young nation was also characterized by political unrest in 2007. Following a violent election campaign, during which dozens of people were injured and a few hundred were arrested, presidential elections were held in April and May. In the decisive round, Prime Minister Jos谷 Ramos-Horta, who was running for independence, triumphed over Fretilin’s candidate Francisco Guterres.
In the June parliamentary elections, Fretilin became the single largest party with 29 percent of the vote, which was about half the result in the 2001 election. percent. After a month of unsuccessful government talks, the new president commissioned his predecessor Gusmão to form a coalition government with two other parties. The new government is supported by 37 of Parliament’s 65 members. That the old liberation movement Fretilin was placed alongside the government work was met with violent protests in several places in the country.
- According to abbreviationfinder: TP is the 2-letter acronym for the country of East Timor.
In March, former Interior Minister Rogerio Lobato was sentenced to 7.5 years in prison for rioting and for distributing weapons to militia who attacked government opponents during the 2006 riots.
After the proclamation of independence from Portugal (1975), East Timor was invaded by Indonesian troops, who occupied the region claiming the sovereignty of Indonesia also over the eastern part of the island. In August 1976, East Timor was officially declared the 27th province of Indonesia. Despite the repeated condemnations of the UN and international organizations for the defense of human rights, the civilian population and the Fretilin (Frente revolucionária do Timor Leste independente), the political organization that had led the country to independence, continued to be the object of a harsh repression by the government of Jakarta, which accompanied acts of brutal oppression with a massive immigration program aimed at ‘diluting’ the local, predominantly Christian, community and creating an elite indigenous Muslim and pro-Indonesian. After the crisis of the Suharto regime (May 1998) the independence movement regained strength, while the new Indonesian president BJ Habibie started diplomatic talks with Portugal. In January 1999, also following pressure from the United Nations, Habibie announced his willingness to grant independence to the region should a referendum reject the government’s plan to grant East Timor ample autonomy, but within the Indonesian state. The popular consultation, held under the aegis of the UN in 1999, marked the large victory of the separatists. Although Habibie claimed to accept the result, the Indonesian militias unleashed a bloody reaction by setting fire to the entire territory and deporting thousands of Timorese to the western part of the island. However, pressured by international public opinion and in particular by the United States, Habibie was forced to accept the dispatch of a UN peacekeeping force, while the Indonesian parliament ratified the outcome of the referendum and arranged for the withdrawal of the army. Pending the establishment of a local government, at the end of 1999 East Timor passed under the interim administration of the United Nations.
In 2002 X. Gusmao asserted himself in the first presidential elections and independence was proclaimed; at the same time, the UN sent the UNMISET mission (United Nations Mission of Support in East Timor) to the country, with the task of assisting and supporting local authorities in the first steps of the new state. In 2005 East Timor and Indonesia signed an agreement for the definitive delimitation of the borders; soon after, the UN peacekeepers left the country. However, the difficult social situation and the outbreak of serious street violence led to the return of foreign contingents in 2006. In 2007 the presidential elections were won by the Nobel Prize for peace J. Ramos-Horta. In subsequent parliamentary elections, Fretilin obtained a relative majority, without having control of the Assembly; a stalemate began, resolved in the course of the summer with the appointment as prime minister of X. Gusmao, reconfirmed in office after his party CNRT (Congresso Nacional para a Reconstrução de Timor-Leste) won the relative majority in the political elections held in July 2012, the first to appoint a democratically elected parliament in the country’s troubled history. At the presidential consultations held in March 2012 Ramos-Horta was unable to overcome the first round, being defeated by F. Guterres, leader of Fretilin, and by General Taur Matan Ruak, who in the ballot was the winner with 61% of the votes, taking over from him following the elections of March 2017 was Guterres himself, elected in the first round with 57.5% of the votes. The coalition of opposition forces Alliance for Change and Progress led by former President Gusmao won the general elections held in May 2018, obtaining 49.4% of the votes against the 34.3% awarded by Fretilin.
East Timor weather in March, April and May
Daily temperatures averaging 32 ° C can be expected over the next three months. The temperatures hardly fluctuate during this time.
Do you want to go on a beach holiday? The water temperatures are in March, April and May 26-29 ° C. This is great weather for a great time on the beach and in the water.
The expected rainfall is around 11 days in March, around 9 days in April and around 6 days in May.
In the period from March to May, the sun shines on average between 8 and 9 hours a day. The sunniest weather is in May in Dili, with a little less sun you will have to get by in March.
Dili, capital of the Republic of East Timor; 192,600 residents (2011). Dili, located on the northern coast of the island of Timor, was the capital of the Portuguese part of Timor from the late 18th century and became the provincial capital when Indonesia invaded East Timor in 1975. Dili became the center for the province’s textile manufacturing and crafts, and the city gained university and a technical college. The port was modernized to increase coffee exports.
In conjunction with the referendum on independence for East Timor, in 1999, violent contradictions erupted and large parts of Dili were burned down or otherwise destroyed, including factories, schools, hospitals, ports and airports. Since then, these facilities have largely been rebuilt under UN leadership and with the help of international aid organizations.