Zambia borders the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north and northwest, Angola to the west, Namibia, Botswana and Zimbabwe to the south, and Mozambique, Malawi and Tanzania from southeast to northeast.
According to ezinereligion, Zambia’s 752,614 km² land area is mostly located on low relief plateaus between 1000 and 1400 meters above sea level. In the north of Zambia lies the Bangweulu basin on the floor of a huge, 1.8 billion year old volcanic crater. The plateau of the Copperbelt connects to the south, the Luapula valley to the west, and the Mporokosoberge to the north. In the east, the Bangweulu basin is bounded by the Muchinga Mountains, on which the Luangwa Valley stretches from north to south and is bounded in the east by the Mafinga Hills, in which the highest point in the country, the Mafinga at 2339 m. NN is located. The west of Zambia with the headwaters of the Zambezi is a flat sandy area of the Kalahari Desert that slopes gently to the south. Dramatic reliefs can only be found along the steep slope of the Zambezi.
The north of Zambia or the Bangweulu basin drains over the Luapula into the Mwerusee and from there over several intermediate runs into the Congo. The precipitation on the rest of the land area of Zambia is carried by the river systems of the Kabompo, Kafue and Luangwa into the Zambezi, which forms the largest river in the country.
Flora and fauna in Zambia
The Zambian high plateau is overgrown with a low and semi-evergreen dry forest savannah, the miombo, whereby trees mix with a closed grass cover. The predominant tree species are acacias, baobabs and thorn bushes.
Natural grassland forms a further vegetation zone in Zambia in the form of so-called Dambos with flat, treeless landscapes, which are mostly completely overgrown with grass and, due to abundant rainfall and lack of drainage possibilities, are often very damp and form a breeding ground for swamp forest. In addition to grasses and flowering plants, a wide variety of orchid species can be found in the Dambos.
Mopane forests line the Zambezi and Luanga floodplains in southern Zambia. In addition to mopans, baobabs, crocodile trees and euphorbias also grow here. Kalahari dry forest occurs regionally in the western parts of Zambia, which are influenced by the Kalahari.
The fauna of Zambia, which is particularly easy to observe in the many national parks, includes snakes, various species of birds and reptiles, especially crocodiles, in addition to the mammals typical of Africa. Herds of mammals include buffalo and elephants, lions, leopards, rhinos, giraffes, zebras, cheetahs, wild dogs, baboons, hippos, antelopes, hyenas, kudu and fruit bats.
Travel climate in Zambia
Zambia has a tropical climate, which due to the mostly over 1000 m above sea level. NN located land area is more moderate. There are three seasons in Zambia, a cool and dry season from May to September with temperatures between 15 and 27 ° C, a hot dry season in October and November with temperatures between 24 and 32 ° C and a hot and humid rainy season from December to April with average temperatures between 27 and 38 ° C, which can be accompanied by violent tropical storms.