According to ezinereligion, in 2007, Honduras had a population of approximately 7.5 million people. The country’s economy was largely based on agriculture and manufacturing, with coffee, bananas and apparel being the primary exports. Foreign relations were mainly with other Central American nations, the United States, Mexico and other European countries. In terms of politics in 2007, Honduras was a presidential republic headed by President Manuel Zelaya who had been in power since 2006. The main opposition party at the time was the National Party (PNH) led by Porfirio Lobo Sosa.
Honduras. According to CountryAAH, Tegucigalpa is the capital city of Honduras. A telephone interception scandal dominated the domestic policy of H. during the year. In February, it was revealed that high-ranking people, including President Manuel Zelaya, had been secretly intercepted on behalf of Marcelo Chimirri, head of state telecommunications company Hondutel. At the center of the scandal was a bill that rested for two years and aimed at increasing public transparency in the telecommunications sector. In one of the telephone conversations, the president’s own chief of staff is heard discussing with the foreign minister a campaign of dirt targeting Congress President Roberto Micheletti, an outspoken supporter of the bill, and in another conversation, the president instructs an official to launch a press campaign against Congress via radio. In October, Zelaya felt compelled to order the prosecutor to investigate the case, and in early November, special forces stormed the prosecutor’s order Chimirris home and office in search of evidence. As a direct consequence of the scandal, President Zelaya reformed the government on November 30.
- According to abbreviationfinder: HN is the 2-letter acronym for the country of Honduras.
Honduras weather in March, April and May
Daily temperatures averaging 33 to 35 ° C can be expected over the next three months. The temperatures hardly fluctuate during this time.
In March, at about 3 days to be expected precipitation in April at about 4 days in May at about 4 days.
In the period from March to May , the sun shines an average of 7 to 8 hours a day. The sunniest weather is in March in San Pedro Sula, with a little less sun you will have to get by in April.
2009 Military dictatorship
In June 2009, Zelaya printed a referendum on whether to set up a constitutional assembly to draft a new constitution. The country’s most reactionary forces launched a campaign against the referendum and the Supreme Court recognized the planned referendum for illegal because, in its opinion, there were clauses in the constitution that prevented the constitution from being amended. Zelaya rejected the Supreme Court’s order and fired the chief of staff, Romeo Vásquez Velásquez, who also opposed the referendum. The military responded again by carrying out military coups on June 28, sent Zelaya into exile in Costa Rica and inaugurated the President of Parliament, Roberto Micheletti as “President”. However, in contrast to earlier military coups in Latin America, this was rejected over a wide ridge. A united OAS (Organization of American States) condemned the military coup and ended up excluding Honduras. The UN also condemned the coup. The US and the EU just expressed concern about the situation and continued their financial support for the country.
In the following months, the OAS tried to find a diplomatic solution to the crisis, but this strategy was blocked by the United States, which continued its support for the dictatorship, which was therefore not effectively internationally isolated. After a series of unsuccessful attempts to return President Zelaya, he secretly returned on September 21 and stayed at the Brazilian Embassy in Tegucigalpa. The regime responded again by further tightening the state of emergency and escalating human rights violations. At the same time, the dictatorship put the Brazilian embassy under military siege, cut off electricity and water supplies, and subjected it to a noise bombardment from huge loudspeakers. On September 24, Brazil brought the siege as a matter of urgency to the UN Security Council, once again condemning the dictatorship and demanding the siege lifted.
On November 29, the dictatorship conducted “elections” for the presidential and parliamentary posts. The international community refused in advance to recognize the legitimacy of the elections and turnout was below 50%. Subsequently, in January 2010, the generals placed Porfirio Lobo Sosa in the presidential post. He was not recognized by the OAS as the country’s rightful president, but was recognized by the United States and the EU. Denmark continued its foreign aid to the dictatorship, while assistance to the rest of Latin America was discontinued until 2012. The then Danish Minister for Development Cooperation Søren Pind ideologically disagreed with the rest of Latin America.
Recognizing that neither the US nor the EU would put pressure on the dictatorship, Zelaya agreed in January 2010 to leave the Brazilian embassy and seek asylum in the Dominican Republic. The opposition to the dictatorship was gathered in the Frente Nacional de Resistencia Popular (FNRP), which consisted of popular organizations: the trade union movement, the student movement, the resident movement, the peasant movement and human rights organizations. Its members were particularly hard hit by the regime’s repression.
Human Rights Watch found that in the first six months of Sosa’s tenure as president, eight journalists and 10 FNRP members were killed. Legally political work was deadly in the country. The Obama administration instead praised Sosa for his “willingness to reconcile.” The United States therefore made close links with the new regime.