According to ezinereligion, in 2007, Hungary had a population of approximately 10 million people. The country’s economy was largely based on manufacturing, with the majority of exports consisting of machinery and equipment, vehicles, and other manufactured goods. Foreign relations were mainly with other European countries, the United States, Canada and China. In terms of politics in 2007, Hungary was a parliamentary republic headed by Prime Minister Ferenc Gyurcsány who had been in power since 2004. The main opposition party at the time was the Hungarian Civic Union (Fidesz) led by Viktor Orbán.
Hungary. In March, clashes took place in the capital Budapest between police and right-wing protesters. The unrest began when the police seized nationalist leader György Budaházy. Concern was preceded by a meeting in which British annihilator David Irving spoke. The meeting was held on the anniversary of the Hungarian Revolution of 1848, which made Hungary temporarily independent from the Habsburg Empire. The day is celebrated as one of Hungary’s three national days and the leading opposition party Fidesz gathered tens of thousands of people to its meeting and declared that it had nothing to do with the right-wing protesters. Otherwise, Fidesz has been accused of not completely distancing himself from these groups.
- According to abbreviationfinder: HU is the 2-letter acronym for the country of Hungary.
According to CountryAAH, Budapest is the capital city of Hungary. Hungary was severely affected by the summer’s extreme weather conditions in Europe. According to the National Institute for Environmental Health, hundreds of deaths in Hungary could be linked to the pressing heat. In southern Hungary, record heat was measured by 41.9 degrees.
In the spring, it was discovered that the old Communist leader János Kádár’s grave had been violated and his remains stolen. Kádár ruled the country after the so-called Hungarian Revolution was crushed by the Warsaw Pact forces in 1956.
In June, Defense Minister Imre Szekeres announced that an investigation would be conducted if bribery occurred in connection with Hungary’s 2001 decision to hire the fighter aircraft JAS Gripen from Sweden. Later, a preliminary investigation into the same business was initiated in Sweden.
In October, around 30,000 people in Budapest demonstrated against the government. It happened on the 51st anniversary of the Hungarian revolt against the Soviet repression and the organizer was the right-wing party Fidesz who demanded the resignation of Prime Minister Ferenc Gyurcsány. Large police forces guarded the demonstration, which was preceded by an evening of street protests and riots when about 20 people were injured. Most injured were police officers who got gas bombs and beer bottles thrown at them.
In November and December strikes and protest meetings were held with broad participation against the government’s plans for railway closures, privatization of health insurance and pension reforms. But before Christmas, Parliament approved the government’s contentious proposal to include private insurance companies in 49 percent of health insurance, whose high costs contributed to the proportionally highest budget deficit in the EU.
In 2015, Hungary became a transit country for the extensive flow of refugees from Asia into the EU. By the end of August, 150,000 refugees had flowed through the country. A doubling of the same period the year before. As early as July, the regime began erecting a fence along the border with Serbia. It was completed in September, and in October a similar fence along the border with Croatia was erected. In parallel, the regime stepped up its propaganda against the refugees. In April, the government handed out a questionnaire to a sample of the Hungarian population, drawing a resemblance between refugees and terrorism. In September, the regime targeted the refugees at the border, arrested refugees illegally crossing the border, and characterized all of its neighboring countries as safe to send refugees back to.
In 2015, the regime stepped up its persecution of NGOs receiving support from abroad. These include a number of NGOs that received support from Norway. The government dissolved a number of foreign-backed NGOs and brought cases against others.
In October 2015, the European Court of Human Rights handed down judgment in the Balázs v Hungary case. The order stated that Hungary had been guilty of discrimination by refusing to investigate the circumstances of a violent attack on a Roma in Szeged in 2012. Violence against the man was further aggravated by the perpetrator’s racist motives, but the authorities had refused to investigate it. This was contrary to the European Convention on Human Rights.
In June 2016, Parliament adopted an addition to the Constitution that allowed the government to introduce a state of emergency based on a very vague definition of a “terrorist situation”. The constitutional amendment gave the government far-reaching opportunities to: restrict freedom of movement within the borders of the country; freeze the values of individuals, groups, organizations and states; prohibit or restrict meetings and public assemblies; apply unspecified measures to “prevent terror” without legal or parliamentary scrutiny. These special measures can be further tightened after 15 days if Parliament decides to do so. The state of emergency also provided the security forces with wide scope for the use of firearms in situations outside international law and international standards. In late November, a Syrian national was sentenced to 10 years in prison for “terrorist acts”. He had been involved in clashes with Hungarian border soldiers at the Serbian-Hungarian border in September 2015. Both the prosecutor and defender appealed the verdict.
In October 2016, the government conducted a referendum on whether Hungary should submit to the EU refugee quota system. The vote was a consequence of the EU decision of September 2015 on quota-based distribution of 120,000 refugees within the Union over the following 2 years. The Orban government and the rest of the radical right wing campaigned to vote down the EU’s distribution. Up to the vote, the government had spent $ 20 million. € in a scare campaign in which refugees and migrants were characterized as criminals and a threat to state security. The opposition called for a boycott of the vote. In the vote, 98.36% voted to reject the EU quota system. But the turnout was only 44% and thus less than 50% required for the result to be valid. Therefore, the Constitutional Court rejected the referendum. The result was a staggering defeat to the Orban regime. Other European countries with Sweden at the forefront subsequently urged Hungary to step out of the EU, when the country’s government would nevertheless not follow decisions made in the Union.
As revenge for the voting result, the regime closed 1 week later the opposition newspaper Népszabadság, which had participated in the boycott campaign. Népszabadság was established in 1942 as the body of the Hungarian Workers’ Party. After the collapse of socialism in 1990, the magazine was financially taken over by the great German publisher Bertelsmann (50%) and the Free Press Association, which among other things. consisted of the Socialist Party MSZP. The closing of the newspaper triggered demonstrations. About 2,000 protested in front of parliament in protest of the regime’s suppression of press freedom.
Hungary weather in March, April and May
Average daily temperatures between 10 ° C and 22 ° C can be expected over the next three months. It gets warmest in May in Debrecen, noticeably cooler in March in Budapest. The temperatures in Debrecen are between 10 and 22 ° C and in Budapest between 10 and 21 ° C.
In March it rains on 6 (Budapest) to 7 days (Debrecen), in April on 6 (Budapest) to 8 days (Debrecen) and in May on 8 (Budapest) to 9 days (Debrecen), depending on the region.
In the period from March to May the sun shines on average between 4 and 8 hours a day. The sunniest weather is in May in Debrecen, but with less sun you will have to get by in Budapest in March.