India. The rapid economic development, which is about to make India an economic superpower, continued. A risk of overheating was considered to exist, but a series of interest rate hikes meant that the inflation threat appeared to be averted. In September, the annual inflation rate was 3.52 percent, clearly below the central bank’s forecast. India was able to celebrate 60 years of independence in August with great confidence.
- According to abbreviationfinder: IN is the 2-letter acronym for the country of India.
However, the wealth is unevenly distributed and many people in the countryside feel that they are victims of rapid development. In October, some 25,000 landless rural residents migrated to Delhi from various parts of India to protest against injustice. The government promised to investigate the distribution of land resources and speed up the legal handling of land disputes.
According to CountryAAH, New Delhi is the capital city of India. The development of special economic zones was temporarily put on ice after 14 people were shot dead by police in West Bengal in March, protesting that their land would be forcibly redeemed. In June, the plans were resumed and the government approved 24 new zones where investors will be offered favorable tax terms and modern infrastructure. A total of 111 such zones have been approved in the last two years.
Several major defense contracts were concluded or planned. Together with Russia, India will develop a military transport plan. For I, the project is financed by investing its debt to Russia in the equivalent of over SEK 6 billion. Swedish Saab, manufacturer of JAS Gripen, was among the companies that were offered to place a bid on the sale of combat aircraft to the Indian Air Force. The order will apply to 126 plans at an estimated total cost of more than SEK 60 billion.
Russia will build four nuclear reactors in India. Already in 2005, India signed an agreement with the United States on the purchase of civil nuclear energy technology. The agreement was ratified in 2006 by the United States Senate, but in India the settlement was blocked until late autumn by the Communist parties that the government depends on in Parliament. The argument was that the agreement with the US jeopardizes the sovereignty of India. After the Communists gave up their absolute resistance, I was able to start negotiating with the International Atomic Energy Agency IAEA for inspections of the country’s nuclear facilities, which was a prerequisite for the agreement.
Politically, the ruling Congress party had a difficult year with setbacks in several state elections. 37-year-old Rahul Gandhi was appointed party secretary general (one of several) responsible for youth and student affairs. The appointment of this man whose father, grandmother and grandmother were prime ministers was considered to be part of forming him into a future leader.
Armed unrest occurred during the year in Assam in the Northeast, where separatist guerrillas are propagating against immigration from other parts of the country. In the central states of Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand, Maoist guerrillas carried out several bloody attacks. In disputed Kashmir, however, the level of violence was the lowest since the separatist uprising broke out in 1989. The peace dialogue with Pakistan continued with an agreement on cooperation against terrorism and one aimed at reducing the risk of a nuclear conflict. In February, however, 68 people were killed in an attack in Punjab against a train on their way to Pakistan. Most of the victims were Pakistanis.
In July, I got his first female president when an electoral assembly elected the state of Rajasthan Governor Pratibha Patil as new head of state.
India weather in March, April and May
Average daily temperatures between 29 ° C and 39 ° C can be expected over the next three months. In New Delhi, it gets warmest in May, while March is noticeably cooler. The temperatures in Mumbai are between 31 and 33 ° C, in New Delhi between 29 and 39 ° C, in Bangalore between 33 and 34 ° C and in Calcutta between 34 and 35 ° C.
Do you want to go on a beach holiday? The water temperatures are in March, April and May 26-29 ° C. This is great weather for a great time on the beach and in the water.
In the period from March to May, the sun shines an average of 7 to 10 hours a day. The sunniest weather is in April in Mumbai, but with less sun you will have to get by in Calcutta in March.
2004 The Congress Party regains power
The May 2004 parliamentary elections were surprisingly won by the Congress Party. Its leader, the Italian-born Sonia Gandhi, was self-appointed as new prime minister, but the defeated BJP launched a campaign against her person, and it ended up with the Congress party appointing Manmohan Singh as new prime minister. He had been Minister of Finance in the early 1990s and was the architect of the economic reforms that fueled the Indian economy. He took over the post on May 19. However, the challenge is great. A major part of the reason the BJP lost the election is that economic growth in India has only benefited certain sectors while the hundreds of millions of poor have become poorer. The BJP was blamed but Singh was the architect of the reforms in the 90s.
That same month, 33 soldiers were killed in Kashmir when their bus hit a land mine.
In June, Parliament was shut down for 2 days after massive protests organized by the opposition demanding more ministers suspected of corruption be ousted. The protests against the three ministers were organized by the party Bharatiya Janata. The ministers belong to the Rashtriya Janata Dal Party (RJDP) and among several other charges they are charged with rape.
In September, India, together with Brazil, Germany and Japan, formed an alliance pushing for UN membership as permanent members of the UN Security Council.
In October, the Supreme Court again ordered Rajesh Ranjan, alias Pappu Yadav. Shortly before he was admitted to the RJDP, he is charged with the 1998 murder of MP Ajit Sarkar.
Over 2000km of coastline in the states of Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Kerala was hit in December by the tsunami that also hit Southeast Asia. After Indonesia, India was the worst affected country by the flood. According to official information, 7,000 people were killed and 130,000 made homeless. In the southern part of the country mass burials were conducted. A large proportion of the victims were children.
For more than two decades, India has only recognized patents on processes – not products. It has allowed the country’s pharmaceutical industry to produce cheap copy medicine for its own population and others in the Third World. India refused to follow the international patent agreements and this had allowed the Indian pharmaceutical industry to develop into one of the world’s largest. Following strong pressure from the World Trade Organization WTOhowever, the Congress party was forced to draft a new patent law in accordance with the WTO’s Intellectual Property Regulation Requirements – TRIPS. The WTO guidelines are intended to protect industry in the Western world. The new law was passed in March 2005. The Janata coalition that previously had the government had in 2003 drafted the original bill, but now called for mass demonstrations against the government, which was criticized for drug prices now going to rise tremendously due to the royalties to be paid in future to the Western companies. Also, the Communist parties pressed the government with the requirement that the law be added to paragraphs that prohibit pharmaceutical companies from issuing new patents after minimal changes to existing products.