Israel. According to CountryAAH, Jerusalem is the capital city of Israel. Prime Minister Ehud Olmert was the subject of several different investigations on corruption during the year. during his time as Minister of Trade and Industry in 2003 and 2005 and in connection with a house purchase in 2004. On May 3, over 100,000 protesters in Tel Aviv demanded his departure. However, no charges were brought against him and the investigation of irregularities which he should have committed during the privatization of Bank Leumi 2005 was closed in November.
- According to abbreviationfinder: IL is the 2-letter acronym for the country of Israel.
Olmert also received sharp criticism from retired judge Eliyahu Winograd who, in an investigation into the war in Lebanon in 2006, stated that Olmert’s decision to go to war was poorly substantiated. The investigation also criticized Commander-in-Chief Dan Halutz, who resigned from his post in January, and Defense Minister Amir Peretz, who resigned in May from his post as leader of the Labor Party and in June from his ministerial post. Halutz was succeeded by Lieutenant General Gabi Ashkenazi, Deputy Chief of the Defense Ministry. Peretz was replaced on both his posts by former Prime Minister Ehud Barak. Israel’s actions during the war were also sharply criticized by the human rights organization Human Rights Watch, which in September reported that Israel’s “indiscriminate attacks” had killed hundreds of civilians.
President Moshe Katsav resigned July 2, two weeks before his term of office would have expired. He had been on leave since January when prosecution for, among other things. rape was brought against him. After his departure, a controversial settlement was reached when he pleaded guilty to, among other things, sexual harassment in exchange for the termination of the rape charge. On July 13, the Knesset elected veteran politician Shimon Peres Raleb Majadele, a member of the Knesset for the Labor Party and Israeli Arabs, was appointed a minister without a portfolio on January 28, thus becoming the first Arab Muslim to hold a post in an Israeli government.
Israel decided in August to reject all asylum seekers from Darfur in southern Sudan already at the border. Several hundred asylum seekers who were already in Israel were allowed to stay.
I’s fighter jet violated Syrian airspace on September 6. The reason was unclear. It was speculated whether targets were being hit on the ground, possibly North Korean nuclear weapons technology or weapons intended for the Shiite Hizbullah guerrilla in Lebanon.
The US announced in July that it plans to increase its military assistance to Israel by 25 percent to the equivalent of nearly SEK 200 billion over the next ten years.
Hamdi Quran, who murdered ultra-nationalist minister Rehavam Zeevi in 2001, was sentenced in December to life imprisonment by a Jerusalem court. The Quran had been seized, sentenced to life by a Palestinian court and begun serving his sentence in a prison on the West Bank. However, after international overseers left the prison, Israeli soldiers stormed it and brought the Quran to Israel
In October, Olmert announced that he had suffered from prostate cancer, but he said he was able to work as usual and had good hope of being completely healthy.
Olmert regularly met with Palestinian leader Mahmud Abbas and agreed in November with him to start peace talks on a Palestinian state as soon as possible.
Israel weather in March, April and May
Average daily temperatures between 19 ° C and 35 ° C can be expected over the next three months. It gets warmest in May in Eilat, while Tel Aviv is noticeably cooler in March. The temperatures in Tel Aviv are between 19 and 25 ° C, in Eilat between 26 and 35 ° C and in Haifa between 20 and 25 ° C.
Do you want to go on a beach holiday? The water temperatures are in March, April and May 18-22 ° C. This is good weather for a great time on the beach and in the water.
In March it rains for 1 (Eilat) to 9 days (Tel Aviv), in April for 1 (Eilat) to 3 days (Tel Aviv) and in May for 0 (Eilat) to 1 days (Tel Aviv), depending on the region.
In the period from March to May, the sun shines on average between 0 and 12 hours a day. The sunniest weather is in May in Haifa, but with less sun you will have to get by in Tel Aviv in March.
Jerusalem – city in Israel and in the West Bank
Jerusalem, city of Israel and the West Bank occupied by Israel.
Today’s metropolis holds 890,400 inb (2013), of which approximately 64% are Jews. The administrative area, Greater Jerusalem, covers 627 km 2 of heavily hilly terrain. The town itself lies at 830 meters in height on the limestone plateau, which from north to south separates the lowlands towards the sea from the deep-lying Jordandal.
The city is traditionally divided into three parts: West Jerusalem, which in 1950 was declared the capital of Israel, East Jerusalem and the Old Town, which within approximately 1 km 2 has 10,000 residents, annexed by Jordan in 1950 and then occupied and annexed by Israel in 1967.
This entire Jerusalem has since been considered by Israel as the capital. The annexation is neither recognized by the Arabs nor internationally, and most countries’ embassies are still located in Tel Aviv.
The Old Town is divided into five areas: an Armenian, a Christian, a Jewish and an Arab neighborhood, as well as the Temple Mount with the Wailing Wall and the Muslim shrines, the al-Aqsa Mosque and the Rock Mosque. Despite the current political status of the city, the Old Town still has a predominantly Arab character. Of the approximately 360,000 residents of East Jerusalem are approximately 175,000 Jews. The district is characterized by market trade, business districts, hotels, restaurants, travel agencies, etc.
West Jerusalem has a modern, European feel and is predominantly Jewish. However, the term West Jerusalem loses geographical meaning under the impression of rapid economic development, with the district growing in all directions. It is now an important commercial and administrative center with, among other things, the Israeli parliament, the Knesset.
The number of Jews in Palestinian East Jerusalem is also growing, as have the city boundaries expanded several times so that the city extends further into the West Bank. As the home of major religious sites for Jews, Muslims and Christians, control of the city is a key element in the conflict between Israelis and Palestinians. The ongoing construction of Israel’s so-called separation barrier, which is intended to protect the country from terror, means that an 8-9 m high concrete wall will be erected in various parts of East Jerusalem and between the eastern and western districts.
Architecture and museums
The oldest monumental buildings: the temple, the al-Aqsa Mosque, the Rock Mosque and the Anastasis Roundabout, are addressed in the section on history.
In 1149, the Tomb of the Tomb was inaugurated, replacing the ruined Constantine’s martyrion and the twice rebuilt Anastasis Rotunda. From that time, the church of Saint Anne originated at the Bethesda Dam.
After 1187 several buildings were erected under the Mamluks, among others. mattresses, often in two color stones. The Ottomans also made their mark on the city; The Damascus and Jaffa gates leading into the Old Town were built in the 1500’s. in connection with the restoration of the old city walls, and many fountains are also from the Ottoman period.
The city’s silhouette reflects the building practices of various denominations, including the Russian Orthodox and the Catholic Church in their own style at the Garden of Gethsemane.
West Jerusalem today is characterized by modern architecture. a number of high-rise hotels. Erich Mendelsohn was an architect in the 1930’s, building a bank and medical center, and in 1959-65 the Israel Museum with the Shrine of The Book was built by architects Al Mansfield and Dora Gad in a landscape and sculpture park; the museum contains several of the Dead Sea texts.
Below the Jaffa Gate, a new district by architect Moshe Safdie will connect the old and new city. An unusual homogeneity characterizes the cityscape due to a 1918 demand for the use of the white-yellow limestone. However, gray concrete and natural stone have been used for the Yad Vashem Holocaust Victims Memorial Hall, built by architect Aba Elhanani in 1957.
Jerusalem may be mentioned in Egyptian curse texts from the beginning of the 2nd millennium BC. under the name of Rushalimum.