Mozambique 2007

Yearbook 2007

Mozambique. As a sign that the civil war in Mozambique may begin to be adapted to history books, the British HALO Foundation announced that it has completed 13 years of mine clearance work in the northern provinces. In the central parts of the country, the government has already assumed responsibility for harming the relatively few land mines that remain.

  • According to abbreviationfinder: MZ is the 2-letter acronym for the country of Mozambique.

Economy

Inflation rate 15.30%
Unemployment rate 24.5%
Gross domestic product (GDP) $ 37,090,000,000
GDP growth rate 3.70%
GDP per capita 1,300 USD
GDP by sector
Agriculture 23.90%
Industry 19.30%
Service 56.80%
State budget
Revenue 1.834 billion
Expenditure 1.98 billion
Proportion of the population below the national poverty line 52%
Distribution of household income
Top 10% 36.7
Lower 10% 1.9
Industrial production growth rate 2.10%
Investment volume 17.4% of GDP
National debt 102.10% of GDP
Foreign exchange reserves $ 2,193,000,000
Tourism 2014
Visitors 1,661,000
Revenue 225,000,000 USD

HUMAN AND ECONOMIC GEOGRAPHY

Population

According to a 1998 estimate, the population amounts to 18,880,000 residents. The growth rate is very strong (26 ‰ per year in the period 1990-98), despite the persistence of high mortality; the intense emigration movements that had characterized the period of the civil war have undergone a reversal of the trend: progressively all refugees in neighboring countries have returned to their homeland (1.5 ÷ 1.7 million people) and even 4 ÷ 5 million displaced people have returned to their places of origin.

Economic conditions

The economy of Mozambique is recovering with difficulty from the crisis in which it had fallen during the period of the civil war, which lasted for fifteen years. The partial restoration of infrastructures and the structural reforms undertaken after 1992 led to an appreciable increase in GDP (+ 19.3 % in 1993, + 5 % in 1994, + 1.5 % in 1995, + 6.4 % in 1996 and + 7.9 % in 1997). Despite this, the country continues to hold the sad record (together with Rwanda) of the lowest per capita GDP in the world.

Agriculture (including the exploitation of forest resources and fishing) contributes to forming over a third of the gross domestic product, employing 80 % of the workforce. The main products are cotton (which in 1997 contributed about 10 % to exports), cashew nut (6 %), sugar cane (5.5 %) and copra; followed by corn, bananas, rice, tea, sisal and coconuts, as well as cassava, which still represents the basic food product and which in 1996 had a production increase of 31 % compared to the previous year. Fishing is the main export activity (38.5% of the total value of goods exported in 1997).

In the energy and industrial sector, the government is relaunching ambitious plans to enhance natural resources, and is trying to attract investments to the coastal region. In 1994, the exploitation of a natural gas field was started in Pande, in the province of Inhambane, the reserves of which are estimated at 55 billion m³. A 900km long pipeline under construction is expected to convey most of the extracted gas to South Africa. In 1995, works were started to restore the large hydroelectric plant of Cabora Bassa, on the Zambezi River, which supplied about 13.5billions of kWh per year, and to build transmission lines for the purpose of exporting electricity to South Africa and Zimbabwe. Supply agreements through new lines have also been signed with Malawi and Swaziland. Mozambique is entirely dependent on imports for its oil needs. Manufacturing industries are mostly limited to the production of food, textiles and clothing, beverages and tobacco, as well as automotive assembly, paper and cement production, and basic chemicals. The sector has undergone a fair privatization process in recent years, and today the agri-food sector alone represents 51 % of the country’s industrial added value.

External debt remains very high. The government has undertaken, with the support of the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund, to consolidate the economic recovery and stimulate international investment, launching appropriate development plans.

Starting from February 20, 2000, for over twenty days, violent rains caused large floods and submerging large areas of the country. According to initial calculations, the dead would amount to many thousands and the homeless to over 250,000.

Mozambique weather in March, April and May

Average daily temperatures between 27 ° C and 33 ° C can be expected over the next three months. It gets warmest in March in Tete, noticeably cooler in May in Maputo.

Do you want to go on a beach holiday? The water temperatures are in March, April and May 24-30 ° C. This is great weather for a great time on the beach and in the water.

In March it rains on 7 (Tete) to 12 days (Pemba), in April on 3 (Tete) to 10 days (Pemba) and in May on 1 (Tete) to 6 days (Beira), depending on the region.

In the period from March to May, the sun shines an average of 7 to 9 hours a day. The sunniest weather is in Maputo in May, but Pemba in March with less sun.

According to CountryAAH, Maputo is the capital city of Mozambique. An explosion in an armory, located in the middle of a poor residential area in the capital Maputo, came at the same time as a reminder of the country’s warlike past. Over 100 people were killed, several hundred injured and about 1,200 residential buildings destroyed when quantities of old Soviet grenades and rockets exploded on March 22. The accident was said to have been caused by heat and improper storage of the weapons.

Mozambique Maputo Places to Visit

The heavily decrepit harbor in the city of Beira in northern Mozambique is to be equipped at an estimated cost of approximately SEK 120 million. The port has been closed since 2001, but is estimated to be able to handle exports of mainly fish and seafood for at least half a billion SEK annually.

Former President Joaquim Chissano became the first recipient of the Mo Ibrahim Prize for Good Leadership. The award, instituted by Sudanese businessman Mo Ibrahim, will be awarded to African former heads of state who are considered to be good examples of an honest and democratic leadership style. The recipient receives US $ 5 million over a ten-year period, then $ 200,000 a year for the rest of his life.