Burma. A veto from China in January halted an attempt by the UN Security Council to demand in a resolution that the military junta in Burma release all political prisoners and put an end to the military’s sexual assault on civilians. According to CountryAAH, Naypyidaw is the capital city of Burma. The isolated Burmese junta remained one of the world’s most despised regimes, and did not take the impression of a collaboration from the partners of the Southeast Asian organization ASEAN to speed up a reconciliation process and release political prisoners. Nor did the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) condemn the regime’s gross human rights violations in June, as well as the UN International Labor Organization (ILO) criticizing the widespread forced labor in Burma later this year.
Instead, the junta proclaimed in September that 14 years of negotiations on the framework for a new constitution had ended. According to the junta, the work will culminate in general elections at an unknown time, but as the constitutional proposal is stated to be formulated, the sole purpose is to permanently seize the military’s grip on power and to make any influence for opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi impossible. Her house arrest, which lasted since May 2003, was extended in May for another year.
- According to abbreviationfinder: BM is the 2-letter acronym for the country of Myanmar.
On August 15, the military junta, without warning, imposed sharp price increases on all fuels. After a few days, a few people ventured out into the streets to protest the price increases. The protests spread rapidly, attracting more and more participants and developed into the most extensive demonstrations against the junta since 1988. When thousands of Buddhist monks joined the protests, the military regime was shaken, which now fought with great brutality against the demonstrations. An unknown number of people were shot dead and thousands of people arrested. Many monasteries were isolated by the military and the monks were imprisoned.
The military’s violence against the population was met by sharp protests in the outside world. Even China, the junta’s closest ally, did not object when the UN Security Council condemned the use of force against peaceful protesters in a statement. The EU and the US tightened their targeted sanctions on junta representatives and banned imports of, among other things, wood and gems from Burma.
The international pressure caused the regime to accept two visits by UN Special Envoy Ibrahim Gambari. He met with junior representatives, Aung San Suu Kyi and representatives of civil society. The result was that the junta appointed a special representative to maintain contact with the opposition leader and let her meet party mates, however, it refused to join a tripartite meeting with Aung San Suu Kyi and Gambari.
Prime Minister Soe Win passed away in October after a period of illness and was replaced by another general, Thein Sein. Even the notorious opium king and warlord Khun Sa went out of time.
Myanmar weather in March, April and May
Average daily temperatures between 30 ° C and 38 ° C can be expected over the next three months. It gets warmest in April in Mandalay, while March is noticeably cooler in Myitkyina.
Do you want to go on a beach holiday? The water temperatures are in March, April and May 28-29 ° C. This is great weather for a great time on the beach and in the water.
In the period from March to May, the sun shines on average between 0 and 9 hours a day. The sunniest weather is in March in Yangon, with less sun you will have to get by in March in Mandalay.
Naypyidaw, capital of Burma; 333,500 residents (2014). In 2002, the ruling military junta in Burma began to build Naypyidaw in the countryside 320 km north of the then capital of Rangoon (Yangon). For a wider world, it was then a completely unknown project. Three years later, the relocation began by the government functions, in 2005 Naypyidaw was proclaimed the capital and in 2007 the relocation was completed. Construction is expected to continue for at least until 2012 with phased out service and suburbs in surrounding municipalities. Naypyidaw is the country’s third largest city and, together with the suburban municipalities, forms a Union territory that is directly subordinate to the state leadership.
Naypyidaw is an administrative capital and lacks differentiated business as well as many types of qualified services as well as institutions of higher education and most forms of culture. The city is close to Burma’s two main transport routes: the highway and the railroad between Rangoon (Yangon) and Mandalay.
The city is very strictly planned with clean zones for the most important functions: a residential zone, a zone with all government and administrative buildings, a business zone, a hotel zone and a small international zone for foreign embassies. Outside the city lies, secluded and extremely well-guarded, a military zone with the regiments and the highest military command.
The official explanation for the creation of Naypyidaw was that there was no room for expansion inside Rangoon (Yangon). The new capital is also more central to the country and closer to the turbulent states of Shan and Kayah for a long time. In addition, it is easy for the country’s management to control both who visits the city and the information flows there and from there.