Nigeria. The first months of the year were completely dominated by the preparations for the general elections to be held in April. A fierce and aggressive atmosphere characterized the country. According to CountryAAH, Abuja is the capital city of Nigeria. Vice President Atiku Abubakar, who supported the ruling party in 2006 by criticizing President Olusegun Obasanjo and then switching parties, was disqualified by the electoral commission from running for president in the election because of corruption suspicions. Only a few days before the election, the Supreme Court granted him permission to stand.
In the first round, governor and state elections were held, characterized by cheating, threats and violence. About fifty people were killed. The presidential and parliamentary elections a week later also took place in chaotic and violent conditions. Another number of people were killed, ballot boxes were stolen or stuffed with ballots for the party’s candidates, opposition supporters were prevented from voting. The EU observer group judged the elections as completely undemocratic and a large number of individual results appeals were filed. In many constituencies, the election has to be redone, and in the fall, courts annulled five governor elections.
- According to abbreviationfinder: NI is the 2-letter acronym for the country of Nigeria.
In the presidential election, Umaru defeated Yar’Adua, a Muslim from the northern Nigeria and up to the election governor of the state of Katsina. He was a candidate for the People’s Democratic Party (PDP) and received almost 70 percent of the vote. In Parliament, the PDP gained more than two-thirds majority in both chambers.
The election of Yar’Adua was also appealed, but a court decision was not expected until early 2008.
Yar’Adua had as one of its main promises to make peace in the oil-rich Niger Delta, where militia groups for a large part of the year carried out attacks on oil facilities and kidnapped a large number of employees, most of whom were released after a short time. The dominant armed movement Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta (MEND) observed a four-month ceasefire following Yar’Adua’s entry, but canceled it in September on the grounds that contacts with the government did not produce results. MEND requires the oil-producing states to receive a larger share of the revenue.
The new president made several statements that he wanted to be free to the representative and stopped in August a previously decided project to build 774 new health centers around the country, despite the equivalent of about SEK 1 billion already invested. The president claimed that the financing was done illegally. Yar’Adua also ordered a total restructuring of the state oil company NNPC in an attempt to cope with the notorious corruption in the oil industry.
Nigeria weather in March, April and May
Average daily temperatures between 31 ° C and 37 ° C can be expected over the next three months. It gets warmest in March in Abuja, noticeably cooler in May in Lagos.
In March it rains on 1 (Abuja) to 7 days (Lagos), in April on 3 (Abuja) to 9 days (Lagos) and in May on 9 (Abuja) to 13 days (Lagos).
In the period from March to May, the sun shines an average of 6 to 7 hours a day. The sunniest weather is in March in Abuja, with a little less sun you have to get by in March in Lagos.
1984 New military coup
On January 1, 84, Muhamad Buhari conducted the 4th state coup in the country’s short history as an independent state. One of the central charges against the Shagari government was the corruption in the oil extraction that provided the country with 95% of its currency income. Arrests were made at all levels and all civilian governors were replaced by military personnel. But the crisis continued. The price of rice quadrupled during the year. The repression did not simply affect the country’s own inhabitants. 600,000 “illegal” foreigners were deported. Meanwhile, foreign debt reached $ 15 billion. The continuing crisis triggered a new coup. On August 26, 85, General Ibrahim Babangida was appointed new president.
In December 87 elections were held for the parliaments of the states. There were 15,000 candidates who were not affiliated with any official party. The military had already set up a National Electoral Commission (NEC) to secure “free and clean” elections, but failure to prepare triggered violence, confusion and subsequent accusations, so the election ended up being canceled.
On December 7, 89, the military government declared that the presidential and parliamentary elections scheduled for the end of the month were postponed for one year. Six months later, President Babangida lifted the ban on political activity in preparation for the transition from military to civilian rule in 1992.
In May 90, Babangida visited the United Kingdom, securing $ 100 million in aid to the country deeply integrated into the capitalist world market. The majority of trade is with the United States, the United Kingdom and France, although Nigeria has sought to create a kind of equilibrium in its international relations. The country is heavily dependent on the development of world oil prices. This contributed to the country’s per capita income falling in 1990. At the same time, foreign debt reached $ 30 billion. Interest and repayments on this huge debt force the country into constant negotiations with its international creditors.