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Uruguay 2007

Uruguay 2007

South America
Yearbook 2007 Uruguay. The conflict with Argentina over the Finnish-built pulp mill on the Uruguay border, which characterized the two countries' relations in 2006, continued this year, despite, among other things. mediation attempt by Spain's King Juan Carlos. Argentine environmental activists, who claim the plant poses an environmental threat to the Uruguay River, continued to block the bridges across the river and hundreds of land steps even on the Uruguayan side in protests at the end of August/September. According to CountryAAH, Montevideo is the capital city of Uruguay. President Tabaré Vázquez, in turn, closed the Uruguayan border stations in early November. A month later, the first shipload of paper left the pulp mill, and from Argentine government circles were heard voices stating that the factory is now in place and…
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United States 2007

United States 2007

North and Central America
Yearbook 2007 USA. In early January, the new congress rallied, both chambers of which were dominated by Democrats after the November election. The President of the House of Representatives was elected Nancy Pelosi, who thus became the highest ranking woman to date in the country's history. Although the Democrats 'electoral victory was largely due to dissatisfaction with the war in Iraq, President George W. Bush decided in January to expand troops' presence in Iraq by more than 20,000 soldiers. The Democrats and some Republicans protested loudly and the House of Representatives passed a non-binding resolution criticizing the decision. Later, both chambers of Congress decided to set up a troop retreat as a condition for granting a request for additional war grants from the president. According to the proposal, the majority…
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United Kingdom 2007

United Kingdom 2007

Europe
Yearbook 2007 UK. According to CountryAAH, London is the capital city of United Kingdom. The House of Commons voted in March to renew the submarine-based nuclear weapons system Trident. New submarines would be developed and built by 2024 at a cost of 15 to 20 billion pounds. However, the number of nuclear warheads would be reduced by one fifth. The government needed support from the Conservatives to get its proposal approved as 88 Labor MPs, the Liberal Democrats, the Scottish Nationalist Party (SNP) and Plaid Cymru voted no. On March 23, 15 British sailors and navy soldiers were arrested off Iran's coast by Iranian forces. Iran claimed that the British had been on the territorial waters of the country, a claim Britain denied. However, the 15 were released in early…
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United Arab Emirates 2007

United Arab Emirates 2007

Asia
Yearbook 2007 United Arab Emirates. In November, the human rights organization Human Rights Watch criticized the United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and Lebanon for their treatment of female migrant workers from Sri Lanka. According to CountryAAH, Abu Dhabi is the capital city of United Arab Emirates. The women, who work as maids, are often locked up, beaten and subjected to sexual abuse. Their working hours are rarely regulated and their pay can be equivalent to one or two kronor per hour. Anwar Gargash, representative of the United Arab Emirates government, dismissed the criticism, saying that the United Arab Emirates has improved the working conditions of the maids. The Emirate of Abu Dhabi and France agreed in March that Abu Dhabi would build a branch for the French Art Museum…
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Ukraine 2007

Ukraine 2007

Europe
Yearbook 2007 Ukraine. The year turned politically very turbulent and the old contradictions of the Orange Revolution brought Ukraine to the brink of armed conflict. In January, the majority in Parliament voted to cut President Viktor Yushchenko's power. According to CountryAAH, Kiev is the capital city of Ukraine. It was the President's rival Prime Minister Viktor Yanukovych and the President's former ally, Julia Tymoshenko, who joined forces against Yushchenko. According to Prime Minister Yanukovych, the change meant that the government's work was streamlined, while Yanukovych was accused of taking "monopoly" in power. The president threatened to dissolve parliament and trigger new elections. The conflict developed into a political position war, and at the end of March the supporters of both sides gathered for huge demonstrations in the capital Kiev with…
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Uganda 2007

Uganda 2007

Africa
Yearbook 2007 Uganda. Peace talks between the government and the militia movement According to CountryAAH, Kampala is the capital city of Uganda. The Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) was held in rounds in southern Sudan. The ceasefire closed in 2006 was renewed in mid-April after expiring February 28. In an attempt to speed up the negotiations, the government made some concessions. Among other things, the circle of mediators was expanded to include representatives of Kenya, Tanzania, South Africa and Mozambique since the rebels expressed dissatisfaction with the South Sudanese government. The rebel soldiers to be disarmed were also allowed to gather in one place in southern Sudan instead of being split between two collection camps. A crackdown in the efforts to secure peace in northern Uganda is the charges brought by…
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Tuvalu 2007

Tuvalu 2007

Oceania
Yearbook 2007 Tuvalu. According to CountryAAH, Vaiaku is the capital city of Tuvalu. The countries that emit the most greenhouse gases must compensate Tuvalu for the effects of warming. This was stated by the country's deputy prime minister, Tavau Teii, at the UN Climate Summit in New York in September. Tuvalu is only an average of two meters above sea level and the islands are disappearing into the sea. According to some studies, the country is gone in 30-40 years. Tuvalu signed an agreement in 2001 with New Zealand, which promised to receive 75 tuvaluans a year threatened by homelessness. However, the fact that the islands are decomposed depends not only on global warming but also on human environmental impact, for example. tree shredding and the removal of sand from…
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Turkmenistan 2007

Turkmenistan 2007

Asia
Yearbook 2007 Turkmenistan. In February, Gurbanguli Berdimuchammedov was elected Turkmenistan's new president. He succeeded "the father of all Turkmen", the dictator Saparmurat Nijazov, who had died the year before. According to CountryAAH, Ashgabat is the capital city of Turkmenistan. Berdimuchammedov was said to have received close to 90 percent of the vote, and participation was said to be over 98 percent. But this was the first time Turkmenistan held presidential elections with several candidates, and European election observers said that although it was not a free and fair election, it was a step forward in view of the authoritarian rule that prevailed in the country so far. President Berdimuchammedov gave the outside world some hope for political openness. He reintroduced pensions, maternity benefits and sickness benefits which the former leader…
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Turkey 2007

Turkey 2007

Asia, Europe
Yearbook 2007 Turkey. The year was marked by elections, constitutional crisis and arms rattle. A crucial battle was around the presidential post. The president is elected by Parliament and has been the strongest guarantor of the secular state since Turkey was founded. The ruling Islamist Justice and Development Party AKP's candidate, Foreign Minister Abdullah G邦l, failed in the first round of voting on April 27 to get the two-thirds majority required. According to CountryAAH, Ankara is the capital city of Turkey. The vote was also annulled because not enough members had been present when the secular Republican People's Party (CHP) had boycotted the session. On May 6, a new vote was held, which the CHP also boycotted, whereupon Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, to secure a more stable majority, announced…
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Tunisia 2007

Tunisia 2007

Africa
Yearbook 2007 Tunisia. Police hit several times during the year along with people suspected of being militant Islamists. In January, twelve people were killed - according to the government terrorists - in fighting four miles south of the capital Tunis. Fifteen people were arrested. In April, about 1,000 people in the past two years were reportedly arrested in Tunisia for terrorist offenses. According to CountryAAH, Tunis is the capital city of Tunisia. A number of Islamists were said to have been convicted during the year, but the reporting on this was scarce and reached the outside world mainly through Arabic-speaking media abroad. Three people, who were extradited from Syria in 2005, were reportedly sentenced in May to up to eleven years in prison for attempting to join militant Islamist groups…
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Trinidad and Tobago 2007

Trinidad and Tobago 2007

North and Central America
Yearbook 2007 Trinidad and Tobago. When Trinidad and Tobago went to parliamentary elections on November 5, the ruling party People's National Movement (PNM) triumphed over the opposition Alliance United National Congress (UNC) with 26 seats against 15. Thus, Prime Minister Patrick Manning could remain as prime minister for another five years. The turnout was 66 percent. According to CountryAAH, Port-of-Spain is the capital city of Trinidad and Tobago. PNM's clear victory was primarily attributed to the country's good economy in recent years. The oil-producing country had benefited from high oil prices on the world market. In addition, a failed outburst attempt was made within the opposition, when a UNC politician jumped off and formed the new Party of the People's Congress (COP). While the PNM mainly has support among the…
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Tonga 2007

Tonga 2007

Oceania
Yearbook 2007 Tonga. At the beginning of the year, more than 600 people had been arrested in connection with the violent demonstrations in the capital Nuku'alofa in November 2006, when seven people died and a large part of the shops and public buildings in the center were destroyed. According to CountryAAH, Nuku’alofa is the capital city of Tonga. Most suspects were released, but some of them, including elected MPs, were charged with incitement and more. In October, the Supreme Court released six of seven men charged with, among other things, participation in riots, arson and injury. The seventh person was found guilty, but only for burglary. The state of emergency, which was introduced after the riots in 2006, was repeatedly extended until September 2007. During the year, the destroyed business…
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Togo 2007

Togo 2007

Africa
Yearbook 2007 Togo. After almost four months of delay for technical and organizational reasons, general elections were held in October. For the first time since 1990, the leading opposition party was running. According to CountryAAH, Lome is the capital city of Togo. The Union of Change (UFC), led by fugitive politician Gilchrist Olympio, boycotted a series of elections in protest against organized cheating and violence against oppositionists. However, since the new President Faure Gnassingbé took office in 2005, Togo has taken significant steps towards peace and reconciliation. Government Party The Togolese People's Assembly (RPT), with the most well-oiled electoral machinery, won big with 50 of Parliament's 81 seats. The UFC received 27 seats. Negotiations on cooperation became unsuccessful and the unifying government that led the country since 2006 was replaced…
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Thailand 2007

Thailand 2007

Asia
Yearbook 2007 Thailand. In June, the Constitutional Court ordered the former ruling party Thai straight Thai ('Thais love Thais') to be dissolved for cheating in general elections in 2006. At the same time, its 111 most prominent leaders were banned from working politically for five years. One of those excluded from the political arena was former Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra, who has lived abroad since he was deposed in a military coup in September 2006. A few days later, the ban on normal political activity was lifted for the country's other parties, which could thus start preparing for the job. the new election promised by the military government in December. According to CountryAAH, Bangkok is the capital city of Thailand. A new constitution was adopted in a referendum in August.…
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Tanzania 2007

Tanzania 2007

Africa
Yearbook 2007 Tanzania. According to CountryAAH, DDodoma is the capital city of Tanzania. Foreign Minister Asha-Rose Migiro was appointed Deputy Secretary-General of the UN in February. She had been Foreign Minister for just one year, before that she was responsible for rural development, gender equality and children's rights for four years. The human rights organization Human Rights Watch (HRW) called on Tanzania to suspend the banishment of up to 60,000 people of Rwandan origin and an unknown number with a background in Burundi. The ban began in 2006 and, according to Tanzania, affects people who have illegally resided in the country. However, many of those affected have lived in Tanzania all their lives and have previously been considered citizens. HRW criticized the indiscriminate selection methods and the often brusque treatment…
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Tajikistan 2007

Tajikistan 2007

Asia
Yearbook 2007 Tajikistan. At the beginning of the year, President Imomali Rachmonov declared that Tajikistanis would cope with the old crackdown on family names in the country. The president decided to delete the ending -ov in his own name and urged the people to follow and abolish all Slavonic names. However, the name change was said to be voluntary. In April, the president announced a plan to make Tajikistan the world's leading hydropower producer. He hoped that the country would attract foreign investors for the construction of 80 new hydropower plants. According to CountryAAH, Dushanbe is the capital city of Tajikistan. The regime in Tajikistan expects the export of electricity from hydropower to lift the economy of the poor country. According to experts, the mountainous Tajikistan with its many rivers…
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Taiwan 2007

Taiwan 2007

Asia
Yearbook 2007 Taiwan. At a solemn ceremony on January 17, the Sakizaya people were officially recognized as Taiwan's thirteenth indigenous people. Scientists long believed that sakizaya, who lives in the eastern part of the country, died in the ethnic cleansing that took place after a battle against a Chinese army in 1878. It now seems as if the entire people "went underground" by pretending to to belong to another people group, ami. As ethnic rights began to gain more attention in Taiwan, in 2005 sakizaya launched a movement that eventually led to its recognition as a distinct Taiwanese people. In political life, the many corruption scandals continued to hail. In February, it was Ma Ying-jeou, the leader of the large opposition party Guomindang, who was allowed to resign after being…
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Syria 2007

Syria 2007

Asia
Yearbook 2007 Syria. In the April 22-23 parliamentary elections, the ruling Bath Party and its allies in the National Progressive Front (six parties, all of whom referred to themselves as socialist or communist) received 172 out of 250 seats. The other mandates went to independent candidates. The turnout was said to have been 56 percent. In a referendum on May 27, 98 percent voted for Bashar al-Asad as president for another seven years. The turnout here was said to have been 96 percent. According to CountryAAH, Damascus is the capital city of Syria. EU High Representative for Foreign Affairs, Javier Solana, visited Syria in March and US House Speaker Nancy Pelosi arrived in April, both to try to persuade Syria to contribute to Middle East peace by ceasing its support…
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Switzerland 2007

Switzerland 2007

Europe
Yearbook 2007 Switzerland. According to CountryAAH, Bern is the capital city of Switzerland. Immigrant issues were again at the top of the agenda during this year's election campaign, which became unusually fierce and loud. The xenophobic Swiss People's Party (SVP) ran an election campaign that a UN reporter described as "racist". One of several controversial election posters showed three white sheep on a Swiss flag; one of them kicks out a fourth black sheep. The picture symbolized SVP's demand that foreigners who commit crimes should be expelled along with their families. Opponents feared that the anti-immigrant sentiment would create fragmentation in the country, where one fifth of the residents lacked citizenship. They warned that Switzerland's reputation for tolerance and consensus could be damaged. Interior Minister Pascal Couchepin attracted attention when…
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Sweden Energy

Sweden Energy

Europe
Energy The size of energy use in Sweden has changed slightly between 1970 and 2017. As the population increased during the same period, this means that per capita energy consumption has decreased. This is due to more efficient use and that the composition of the business community has changed. The use has to some extent shifted from industry and housing to transport. The share of the major energy raw materials in the total energy supply has changed during the same period; the supply of oil and oil products has been halved since 1970, while natural gas and, above all, nuclear energy have been added. Biofuels have gradually been given a more important role. Fossil fuels account for a significantly smaller share of Sweden's energy use than is the case throughout…
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Suriname 2007

Suriname 2007

Africa
Yearbook 2007 Suriname. According to CountryAAH, Paramaribo is the capital city of Suriname. A UN committee set up to resolve the protracted border dispute between Suriname and Guyana came on September 21 with its ruling; both countries received half of the disputed offshore land area, where large oil deposits are believed to exist. Both governments said they were happy with the results, but Guyana is believed to have received most of the oil deposits. Another border conflict came to light in July when a Native American protest protested that the French army had prevented Indians from fishing in an area on the border between Suriname and French Guiana. Both countries claim rights to the area, but France has unilaterally created a 2 million hectare national park there. In May 1991,…
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Sudan 2007

Sudan 2007

Africa
Yearbook 2007 Sudan. In January, 14 UN agencies reported that their humanitarian efforts in the Darfur region risked collapsing unless security was improved. According to CountryAAH, Khartoum is the capital city of Sudan. The situation in Darfur engaged the world community throughout the year, but despite the fact that 2.5 million people in the region lost their homes and over 200,000 were killed since 2003, this year no significant progress was made in efforts to stop the violence. The conflict in Darfur also affected the situation in the eastern parts of Chad and led to some border fighting on some occasions. In May, the governments of both countries pledged to work with the UN and the African Union (AU) to stabilize the entire region. The Sudanese regime was pressured to…
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Sri Lanka 2007

Sri Lanka 2007

Asia
Yearbook 2007 Sri Lanka. Hard battles were fought throughout the year between the army and the separatist guerrilla Tamil Eelam's Liberation Tigers (LTTE) both on land and at sea in the country's northern and eastern parts. The guerrillas were slowly driven to retreat and reportedly lost their last fort in the east in July. However, its ability to strike back was unbroken, and during the year LTTE conducted several air strikes against military targets both outside the capital Colombo and on the Jaffna Peninsula in the north. The fact that the guerrillas had gained flight seemed to confirm the suspicions the army had long had for light planes smuggled into the country in small parts and assembled on guerrilla-controlled land. According to CountryAAH, Colombo; Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte is the capital…
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Spain 2007

Spain 2007

Europe
Yearbook 2007 Spain. A trial was initiated in February against 28 people charged with involvement in the explosion against the commuter trains in Madrid in March 2004. Most of the defendants were of Moroccan origin and the rest were Spaniards; one was a woman and the rest were men. According to CountryAAH, Madrid is the capital city of Spain. The judgments were announced last October and meant that 21 prosecutors were convicted while seven were released. Three main suspects were sentenced to thousands of years in prison for, among other things. murder but can by law not sit for more than 40 years. In other cases, the other convicted persons received lower sentences than the prosecutor demanded, which raised some protests. Many also felt that it was still unclear who…
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South Korea 2007

South Korea 2007

Asia
Yearbook 2007 South Korea. In 2007, it was a crisis year for South Korea's government party Uri and President Roh Moo Hyun. A rapidly declining support for public opinion in February caused 25 Urile members of the National Assembly to break out to form their own party ahead of the important presidential election in December of that year. In May, 20 of those dropped out announced that they formed the New Party for Liberal Reform and Alliance. Another party, the United New Democratic Party (UNDP), was formed in August. The power outages continued, and Uri went from the largest party in the National Assembly to third, after the Conservative opposition party Great National Party (GNP) and UNDP. Shortly thereafter, Uri disbanded and the majority of its MPs went to UNDP.…
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South Africa 2007

South Africa 2007

Africa
Yearbook 2007 South Africa. According to CountryAAH, Cape Town is the capital city of South Africa. The most extensive strikes since the apartheid era were carried out during the year. Throughout June, about half a million civil servants quit the job, leading to the closure of most schools and the emergency medical services only with the help of military doctors. At the beginning of the strike, the national organization COSATU demanded a salary increase of 12 percent and was offered 6 percent. When the strike was quit at the end of the month, the pay rise stopped at 7.5 percent. Immediately following this conflict, a quarter of a million metalworkers went on strike for four days for a better wage offer. the oil refineries for just over a week. Relations…
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Somalia 2007

Somalia 2007

Africa
Yearbook 2007 Somalia. In early January, Provisional Government President Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmad arrived in the capital Mogadishu, where, just before the New Year, Ethiopian forces had driven out the Islamist militia that ruled the city in the fall of 2006. Several of the city's warlords joined the government side. In southern Somalia, US flights carried out a pair of bombs against the remains of the Islamist militia, which according to the United States was linked to the terror network al-Qaeda. Soon, however, it turned out that the government troops and the Ethiopian army did not have full control over Mogadishu. Both Islamists and local clan militia continued to resist and the fighting increased rapidly. A total of 1,200 Ugandan soldiers, who would represent an African Union peacekeeping force, arrived in…
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Solomon Islands 2007

Solomon Islands 2007

Oceania
Yearbook 2007 Solomon Islands. In January, an Australian in the Solomon Islands was charged with murder plans against Prime Minister Manasseh Sogavare. Australian press reports claimed that the Australian government should have offered a large sum of money to the person who murdered Sogavare. The relationship between the Solomon Islands and Australia was long overdue because the Solomon Islands government refused to extradite the country's prosecutor, Australian citizen Julian Moti, who in Australia was charged with rape a 13-year-old girl in 1997. According to CountryAAH, Honiara is the capital city of Solomon Islands. The Australian government denied all involvement in the alleged murder plot against Sogavare, and according to the arrested lawyers, the charges against him were baseless. Sogavare in turn accused Australia of undermining the sovereignty of the Solomon…
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Slovenia 2007

Slovenia 2007

Africa
Yearbook 2007 Slovenia. From the turn of the year, Slovenia became the 13th country to join the EU's monetary union EMU. According to CountryAAH, Ljubljana is the capital city of Slovenia. The switch from the old currency tolls to the euro went painlessly, although some consumers complained about price increases. In the autumn, the Slovenians elected a new president. The incumbent President Janez Drnovšek did not stand for re-election. In the first round, the Conservative former prime minister Lojze Peterle won, but in the second, crucial round of elections in November, left candidate Danilo Türk won with almost 70 percent of the vote. For the bourgeois government, it was something of a defeat that the voters appointed a new left president. The President has a largely symbolic role in Slovenia…
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Slovakia 2007

Slovakia 2007

Africa
Yearbook 2007 Slovakia. After last year's economic growth of 7.9 percent, the government feared overheating and rising inflation. Therefore, in March it was decided to write up the value of the Slovak Koruna against the euro by 8.5 percent. According to CountryAAH, Bratislava is the capital city of Slovakia. Economic growth was largely based on foreign investment, especially in the automotive industry. As car manufacturers struck again in Western Europe, they opened new factories in Slovakia. Hyundai, Volkswagen, Peugeot and others was included in the expansion of the automotive industry, which aimed to produce 800,000 cars in 2008, of which 90 percent would be exported. Despite the expansion of industry and the decline in unemployment, in May Slovakia had the highest unemployment rate in the EU of 10.8 percent. In…
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Singapore 2007

Singapore 2007

Asia
Yearbook 2007 Singapore. In April, Singapore and Indonesia signed a long-awaited extradition agreement from Indonesia. According to CountryAAH, Singapore is the capital city of Singapore. Indonesia had wanted since the Asian crisis in 1997 that Singapore could extradite corruption-suspected Indonesian businessmen who have taken refuge in the neighboring country. On April 13, the country's government banned seven members of the European Parliament, a Cambodian parliamentarian and a Philippine congresswoman from speaking at a democracy forum organized by the Singaporean opposition party SDP. According to the government, the speakers' comments were not of "public interest". The world's largest passenger aircraft, the newly built Airbus A380, made its first commercial flight from Singapore to Sydney in October. The plane was owned by Singapore Airlines, which, after heavy delays, had the so-called Superjumbon…
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Sierra Leone 2007

Sierra Leone 2007

Africa
Yearbook 2007 Sierra Leone. According to CountryAAH, Freetown is the capital city of Sierra Leone. The UN-backed Special Court for Sierra Leone handed down its first judgments in July. Three members of the Armed Forces Revolutionary Council (AFRC), the military junta that ruled the country illegally in 1997-98, were sentenced to long prison terms for a variety of war crimes, including murder, rape and mutilation. Alex Tamba Brima and Santigie Borbor Kanu were each sentenced to 50 years and Brima Bazzy Kamara to 45 years. In September, two members of the Civil Defense Forces (CDF), a government-friendly militia also known as Kamajor, were sentenced to eight years and six years in prison, for example. murder and cruel treatment of prisoners. CDF's leader, former Interior Minister Sam Hinga Norman, died in…
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Seychelles 2007

Seychelles 2007

Africa
Yearbook 2007 Seychelles. According to CountryAAH, Victoria is the capital city of Seychelles. President James Michel's ruling party, the Seychelles Progressive People's Front (SPPF), retained its 23 seats in the National Assembly following the May 10-12 parliamentary elections. The party, which has ruled since 1977, still has an absolute majority in the parliament, which has a total of 35 seats. The two main opposition parties, the Seychelles National Party (SNP) and the Democratic Party (DP), joined forces in a coalition and gained 11 seats, which was as many as the SNP alone had before. The turnout was close to 86 percent. The SNP had boycotted the National Assembly since October 2006, among other things. in protest of what the party considered to be police violence against protesters. SNP leader Wavel…
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Serbia 2007

Serbia 2007

Europe
Yearbook 2007 Serbia. In January, a new parliamentary election was announced in the autumn, after a party withdrew from the government coalition. Most votes were given to the Serbian Radical Party (SRS), but more moderate parties did not want to co-operate with the ultranationalist party. After lengthy negotiations, three parties formed government in May. The coalition included President Boris Tadić's West-friendly Democratic Party (DS), the moderate Nationalist Serbia Democratic Party (DSS), and the reform-minded liberal G17 Plus. DSS leader Vojislav Koštunica retained the post of prime minister. According to CountryAAH, Belgrade is the capital city of Serbia. The new government was considered Europe-oriented and in June the EU resumed negotiations on a cooperation agreement. The talks had been put on ice a year earlier because Serbia had not been considered…
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Senegal 2007

Senegal 2007

Africa
Yearbook 2007 Senegal. According to CountryAAH, Dakar is the capital city of Senegal. Catholic priest Augustin Diamacoune Senghor, one of the leaders of the MFDC (Movement des Forces Democratique de la Casamance) separatist movement in Casamance in the south, died in January in Paris. Before the presidential and parliamentary elections during the year, several interventions were made against independent media, and the authorities banned a demonstration organized by the opposition. Idrissa Seck, who was prime minister in 2002–04, returned in January to President Abdoulaye Wades Senegal's Democratic Party (PDS). He had been released from corruption charges the year before and formed a new party. Still, Seck decided to run for Wade in the February 25 presidential election. Prior to the election, clashes occurred between the President and Seck's supporters. Before…
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Saudi Arabia 2007

Saudi Arabia 2007

Asia
Yearbook 2007 Sauiarabien. According to CountryAAH, Riyadh is the capital city of Saudi Arabia. A verdict against a woman who was subjected to group rape aroused the world's disgust in November. The woman and a male friend of hers were sentenced to 90 whipsaws for having been alone in a car before the rape, a violation of strict Saudi gender segregation laws. When the woman appealed, the sentence was sharpened, because of her contacts with the media, to 200 whips and six months in prison, but in December King Abdullah rescinded the sentence. The seven rapists were sentenced to imprisonment for up to ten years and a thousand whips were each. In October, it was announced that the country's legal system would be modernized. Among other things, two Supreme Courts,…
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Sao Tome and Principe 2007

Sao Tome and Principe 2007

Africa
Yearbook 2007 São Tomé and Príncipe. According to CountryAAH, Sao Tome is the capital city of Sao Tome and Principe. The World Bank and the International Monetary Fund repaid São Tomé and Príncipe's multilateral debt of US $ 327 million, representing 91 percent of the country's total foreign debt. Debt amortization, a reward for the government's economic reforms, would have been granted as early as 2003 but was postponed due to political instability and ambiguity with the law governing the exploitation of the country's supposed oil resources. During the fall, the small island nation was shaken by three minor revolts within the Ninjas elite police force. The police claimed that they had not received promised financial compensation for participation in special education in Angola in 2003. They occupied the police…
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San Marino 2007

San Marino 2007

Europe
Yearbook 2007 San Marino. For six months until May, San Marino held the presidency of the Council of Europe's Ministerial Committee. According to CountryAAH, San Marino is the capital city of San Marino. The country first got a US ambassador when Paolo Rondelli was named to the post in July. The year before, the US ambassador to Rome had for the first time been sidelined to San Marino.
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Samoa 2007

Samoa 2007

Oceania
Yearbook 2007 Samoa. According to CountryAAH, Apia is the capital city of Samoa. The world's oldest head of state, Samoa king Malietoa Tanumafili II, passed away in May 94 years old. He had ruled Samoa since New Zealand independence in 1962. The deceased king, who was called Samoa's father, was followed to the last rest by thousands of residents of the small island nation. Chiefs in traditional mourning costume attended the celebration together with foreign dignitaries. New Zealand's Prime Minister Helen Clark described King Malietoa as "the personification of Samoa's peace and unity". King Malietoa ruled for life but was behind the constitution which states that the head of state will in future be elected by Parliament for a term of five years. In June, the new head of state…
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Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2007

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2007

North and Central America
According to CountryAAH, Kingstown is the capital city of St. Vincent and The Grenadines. The December 2005 parliamentary elections were won by the United Labor Party (ULP) and Gonsalves was able to begin his second term as prime minister. The opposition party NDP convened in June 2007 for a demonstration in the capital to protest what was perceived as planned election fraud during the upcoming elections. The NDP accused Gonsalves of giving Cuban workers in the country the right to vote for their support. St. Vincent was joined by Antigua in June 2009 in the Latin American ALBA collaboration. In November 2009, a referendum was held on whether the country should be transformed into a republic, thus finally breaking its connection with Britain. However, the proposal was voted down by…
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