Peru. The most overwhelming event in Peru during the year was that 69-year-old former president Alberto Fujimori was extradited from Chile in September, where he surprisingly arrived in 2005 after five years of exile in Japan to stand for presidential election in Peru in 2006. According to CountryAAH, Lima is the capital city of Peru. Fujimori was immediately placed in a special prison outside Lima. The deciding factor for the Chilean court’s decision was the evidence in the case of the massacres of La Cantuta and Barrios Altos carried out by paramilitary Squadron Colina with Fujimori as the ultimate responsible. He faces 30 years in prison for his participation in the act. He is also charged with violations of human rights, bribery, illegal telephone interception and having known several kidnappings and disappearances during his ten-year presidential term between 1990 and 2000.
Already on December 12, the first verdict against Fujimori fell. Peru’s highest court then sentenced him to six years in prison and the equivalent of $ 135,000 in fines for abuse of power in connection with the events in 2000 that led to his departure and escape. About a quarter of the electoral corps still supports Fujimori.
For President Alan García, Fujimori’s return meant both a triumph and a burden. Fujimori himself stated in 1992 that he wanted the then fugitive García back to Peru “dead or alive”, and now the roles were changed. On the other hand, García is politically dependent on Fujimori’s support party Alianza para el Futuro, in which Fujimori’s daughter Keiko plays a leading role. García’s major political project during the year was otherwise the so-called Pacific Arch (Arco Pacífico), a block of countries along America’s west coast from Canada to Chile, which García wants to see as an opportunity instead of ALBA (the Bolivian alternative for the American countries) launched by Venezuela’s Hugo Chávez.
A major earthquake that measured 7.9 on the Richter scale hit southern Peru on August 15. Over 500 people lost their lives and 80,000 became homeless in the Ica agricultural region, and several large aftershocks also killed victims. The worst hit was the city of Pisco, where 300 people died and 85 percent of the city’s buildings were destroyed, among others. the multi-hundred-year-old church of San Clemente.
Peru weather in March, April and May
Average daily temperatures between 22 ° C and 32 ° C can be expected over the next three months. It gets warmest in March in Iquitos, noticeably cooler in May in Lima. The temperatures in Lima are between 22 and 26 ° C and in Iquitos between 31 and 32 ° C.
Do you want to go on a beach holiday? The water temperatures are in March, April and May 19-21 ° C. This is good weather for a great time on the beach and in the water.
In March, at about 12 days can be expected precipitation in April at about 13 days in May at about 13 days.
In the period from March to May , the sun shines on average between 4 and 7 hours a day. The sunniest weather is in March in Lima, but with less sun you have to get by in May.
The Minister of the Interior resigns – again
The newly appointed interim president Francisco Sagasti is forced to see a second interior minister resign, despite the fact that he himself has not been president for a month yet. Fernando Aliaga returns after only five days, after questioning the dismissal of the police leadership as a result of violence in connection with the riots in November. It has also caused dissatisfaction among police that 18 generals had to resign due to the violence in connection with democracy protests, which led to two people being killed and more than 100 injured. The new minister will be José Manuel Elice Navarro, who will be the seventh person to head the Interior Ministry this year.
New interim president appointed
Congress elects Member Francisco Sagasti as the new acting president after Representative Manuel Merino resigned after less than a week in office. Sagasti, a 76-year-old engineer and academic, is now tasked with leading the country until the April 202 election. Sagasti belongs to the Purple Party, the only one in Congress to vote against the removal of Martín Vizcarra. The protests against his removal have continued but have been largely peaceful, although some clashes have taken place.
The interim president resigns after police violence
Acting President Manuel Merino announces his resignation in a televised speech, after only five days as head of state. Prior to that, twelve ministers in Merino’s government had resigned in protest of police brutality against protesters that had resulted in several deaths, and against Merino’s handling of the crisis.
Unrest after the Supreme Court
Supporters of ousted President Martín Vizcarra clash with security forces outside the Lima Congress building. At the same time, the Speaker of the Congress, Manuel Merino, will take the oath of office and take over as acting president. Many Peruvians, however, continue to support the independent Vizcarra, among other things, for his attempts to carry out reforms, which, however, have been thwarted by Congress. Some believe he is being subjected to a coup. Vizcarra himself has previously said that he would accept the result of the referendum, but now he questions whether it was “legal and legitimate”. He says that legality should be decided by the Constitutional Court, and that legitimacy comes from the people.
President removed by Supreme Court
Congress votes to oust President Martín Vizcarra on charges of corruption, or “moral incapacity” The allegations stem from alleged corruption when Vizcarra was governor of the southern Moquegua region from 2011 to 2014. The decision to bring the president before the Supreme Court was made a week earlier, with 60 votes in favor and 40 against, and 18 abstentions. An earlier trial in the Supreme Court, in September, ran out of steam.