Sierra Leone. According to CountryAAH, Freetown is the capital city of Sierra Leone. The UN-backed Special Court for Sierra Leone handed down its first judgments in July. Three members of the Armed Forces Revolutionary Council (AFRC), the military junta that ruled the country illegally in 1997-98, were sentenced to long prison terms for a variety of war crimes, including murder, rape and mutilation. Alex Tamba Brima and Santigie Borbor Kanu were each sentenced to 50 years and Brima Bazzy Kamara to 45 years.
In September, two members of the Civil Defense Forces (CDF), a government-friendly militia also known as Kamajor, were sentenced to eight years and six years in prison, for example. murder and cruel treatment of prisoners. CDF’s leader, former Interior Minister Sam Hinga Norman, died in his cell in February.
A lawsuit is also underway against three leaders of the Revolutionary United Front (RUF), the most notorious militia and the one who started the civil war in 1991. RUF’s two highest leaders died shortly after charges were brought against them.
In The Hague, the Netherlands, the Special Court of Sierra Leone conducted preliminary negotiations in leased premises with Liberia’s former President Charles Taylor, who is charged with extensive support to the RUF.
General elections were held in August and September and led to a change of power. A widespread dissatisfaction that five years of peace did not bring about significantly better living conditions gave the opposition party the General People’s Congress (APC) 59 of Parliament’s 112 directly elected mandates. So far, the ruling party of the Sierra Leone (SLPP) got 43 seats. In the presidential election, APC leader Ernest Bai Koroma defeated former Vice President Solomon Berewa (SLPP). The elections were preceded by some clashes between rival party supporters and conducted in a rather tense atmosphere. However, no more serious disturbances occurred and the change of power was carried out without problems.
Sierra Leone – Freetown
Freetown, capital of Sierra Leone; 1 million residents (2015). Freetown, located on the Sierra Leone Peninsula at the mouth of the river of the same name, has one of the world’s foremost natural ports. The city is the center of the country’s economic activities. wood, shoe and fish canning industry. Among Freetown’s export products are palm products, cocoa, coffee and spices. Freetown also has an international airport and a university (founded in 1967).
Freetown was founded in 1787 by the British abolitionist Granville Sharp as a sanctuary for freed British slaves. The city was the seat of government for the British possessions in West Africa in 1821–74 and became the capital of Sierra Leone in 1961.