Sri Lanka. Hard battles were fought throughout the year between the army and the separatist guerrilla Tamil Eelam’s Liberation Tigers (LTTE) both on land and at sea in the country’s northern and eastern parts. The guerrillas were slowly driven to retreat and reportedly lost their last fort in the east in July. However, its ability to strike back was unbroken, and during the year LTTE conducted several air strikes against military targets both outside the capital Colombo and on the Jaffna Peninsula in the north. The fact that the guerrillas had gained flight seemed to confirm the suspicions the army had long had for light planes smuggled into the country in small parts and assembled on guerrilla-controlled land.
- According to abbreviationfinder: SL is the 2-letter acronym for the country of Sri Lanka.
According to CountryAAH, Colombo; Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte is the capital city of Sri Lanka. The fiercest guerrilla attack happened in October, when a 21-man Tamil suicide bomber attacked an air base attacked an airbase north of Colombo. At least nine soldiers were killed and after a few days the government acknowledged that eight aircraft had been destroyed, including the defense’s most important spy plane.
A serious hardship for LTTE was that its political leader and negotiating head SP Thamilchelvan was killed in an air strike in November. Another five members of the guerrilla negotiation delegation were killed. LTTE leader Velupillai Prabhakaran said in a radio speech that new peace talks with the government are impossible.
The fighting caused severe civilian casualties and tens of thousands of people were forced to flee their homes during the year. Hundreds of Tamils were deported from Colombo on the grounds that they posed a security risk.
In particular, the government was criticized for lack of respect for human rights and Sri Lanka was described as one of the most dangerous countries in the world for aid workers. The government rejected the UN’s demand to station human rights observers in the country. Four members of the government’s advisory group on human rights issues submitted their statement on the grounds that the government did nothing to curb the abuses.
When a small Tamil party, representing tea plantation workers, resigned from the government, the government’s majority was reduced to a single mandate, which made it dependent on the support of ultra-nationalist Sinhalese parties.
President Mahinda Rajapakse announced in April that in accordance with the traditions of the family he would henceforth sign Rajapaksa.
Sri Lanka weather in March, April and May
Average daily temperatures between 21 ° C and 35 ° C can be expected over the next three months. It gets warmest in May in the northeast coast, while May is noticeably cooler in the Central Highlands. The temperatures in Colombo are between 31 and 32 ° C, in the central highlands between 21 and 23 ° C and in the northeast coast between 31 and 35 ° C.
Do you want to go on a beach holiday? The water temperatures are in March, April and May 28-29 ° C. This is great weather for a great time on the beach and in the water.
In March it rains on 4 (north-east coast) to 11 days (central highlands), in April on 5 (north-east coast) to 16 days (central highlands) and in May on 4 (north-east coast) to 18 days (central highlands).
In the period from March to May, the sun shines on average between 3 and 10 hours a day. The sunniest weather is in March in the north-east coast, with less sun you have to get by in May in the central highlands.
Colombo, city in Sri Lanka; 752,900 residents (2012), in the metropolitan area approximately 2. 6 millionColombo is located on the west coast of the island, just south of the Kelami River. The city is one of Asia’s most important port cities against the Indian Ocean, and the port, completed in 1885, is admired for its beauty. Colombo is the country’s economic and cultural center. It is the archbishop’s seat and has two universities, colleges, research institutes and several libraries. The industry includes food, steel and textile industries, metallurgical industry and oil refinery. Colombo is the hub of air traffic between Europe, the Far East and Australia. In 1982, the government moved from Colombo to Sri Jayawardenapura, which is part of Colombia’s urban area.
In Colombo, there are several Buddhist and Hindu temples, but the city gets its main character from the European-influenced settlement. Prominent buildings include the Parliament building and the Wolvendahl church from the mid-18th century.
Colombo’s port is mentioned in Chinese sources as early as the 400s AD, and in the 700s Arab traders settled there. The city’s name is a Europeanization of the Sinhalese Kolamba, which means port. In the 1520s, Portuguese built a fort in Colombo, in 1656 it was conquered by the Dutch and in 1796 by the British, who placed their administration there of the colony of Ceylon.