Principality and Kingdom of Bulgaria (1878 to 1944/46)

Principality and Kingdom of Bulgaria (1878 to 1944/46)

Europe
In the preliminary peace of San Stefano (March 3, 1878; national holiday since 1988), a Greater Bulgarian state was created which, in addition to the heartland, should also include access to the Aegean Sea with most of Macedonia and Thrace. Under British and Austrian influence, the Berlin Congress reduced(July 1, 1878) this Russian dictation on the division of Bulgaria into an autonomous feudal principality Bulgaria, which is tributary to the sultan, consisting of Moesia and the Sanjak Sofia, as well as the province of Eastern Rumelia (southern Bulgaria; capital Plovdiv) and the areas remaining under Turkish rule (Macedonia, Thrace). Contrary to the wishes of the provisional Russian administration, on April 28, 1879, an assembly of notables in Tarnowo passed a liberal constitution; Sofia became the capital. Alexander I von Battenberg,…
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Bulgaria 2007

Bulgaria 2007

Europe
Yearbook 2007 Bulgaria. On New Year's Day, Bulgaria joined the EU. "A dream came true today," Prime Minister Sergei Stanisev said in a speech on New Year's Day about the coveted membership. In March, an EU minister was appointed and in May the country's first 18 EU parliamentarians were elected. But at the same time, the EU continued to push for continued reform of the judiciary and efforts to combat corruption and organized crime. At the beginning of the year, a constitutional amendment was adopted in accordance with the recommendations of the European Commission, including: to strengthen the judiciary. That the problems continued to be big became clear when the country was shaken by a corruption scandal with ramifications all the way up in the government. First, two deputy ministers…
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