Togo. After almost four months of delay for technical and organizational reasons, general elections were held in October. For the first time since 1990, the leading opposition party was running. According to CountryAAH, Lome is the capital city of Togo. The Union of Change (UFC), led by fugitive politician Gilchrist Olympio, boycotted a series of elections in protest against organized cheating and violence against oppositionists. However, since the new President Faure Gnassingbé took office in 2005, Togo has taken significant steps towards peace and reconciliation. Government Party The Togolese People’s Assembly (RPT), with the most well-oiled electoral machinery, won big with 50 of Parliament’s 81 seats. The UFC received 27 seats. Negotiations on cooperation became unsuccessful and the unifying government that led the country since 2006 was replaced with a purely RPT ministry.
Observers from The EU described the elections as free and honest, leading to the full resumption of aid to Togo. It was withdrawn after the violent elections in 1993. Assistance is needed. Togo has major financial problems following reduced revenues from all major export products such as coffee, cotton, cocoa and phosphate.
- According to abbreviationfinder: TG is the 2-letter acronym for the country of Togo.
Between 1884 and 1894 on the area of Togo the Germans created a colony, which at the outbreak of the First World War it was occupied by Anglo-French troops; in 1919 the Togo was placed under mandate by the League of Nations and entrusted in part to France, in part to Great Britain (T. Britannico). Consequently, the Ewe group, dominant in the South, was split between two colonial entities and in the French part different groups found themselves coexisting. In 1957 the residents of the French colony opted for the creation of an autonomous Republic within the French Union.
● Political life in the Togo was initially dominated by two formations, the Comité de l’unité togolaise and the Parti togolais du progrès, respectively led by Sylvanus Olympio and Nicolas Grunitzky; Olympio, proponent of the reunification of the Ewe lands and first president after independence (proclaimed in 1960), he was killed in 1963 during a military revolt inspired by the then sergeant Étienne Eyadéma, who recalled Grunitzky (in exile since 1958) to his homeland, appointing him head of state. In 1967 with a new military coup, Eyadéma assumed power. In 1969, a single party was created, the Rassemblement du peuple togolais (RPT). Forced several times to ask France for help to deal with continual outbursts of rebellion, in 1975 Togo participated in the creation of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS). In 1980 a new Constitution was promulgated, which sanctioned the leadership role of the TOR; Eyadéma (who had changed the first name to Gnassingbé) was re-elected to the presidency as the sole candidate (1972, 1979 and 1986).
● To mark the path of the Togo in the 1990s was the tiring management of the new pluralist political scenario, which opened in 1992 when, after a period of violent clashes and protests, multi-partyism was introduced. Eyadéma was confirmed president in the elections of 1993 and 1998, the conduct of which was contested by the main opposition forces. Starting in 1999, under the auspices of the European Union, talks between the government and the opposition resumed to agree on new electoral rules. The agreement was ratified in 2000, but the situation remained critical. The legislative elections, postponed several times, were held in October 2002 amid heated controversy. At the end of the year, the constitutional amendment approved by a Parliament in the hands of Eyadéma allowed him to reappear in the presidential elections, which he triumphantly won in June 2003. In 2005 Eyadéma died and the military proclaimed as his successor his son Faure Gnassingbé, who in April won presidential elections marked by violence and obvious irregularities. However, also due to international pressure, Faure Gnassingbe showed a new spirit of openness towards the opposition. In September, a government of national unity was formed, charged with preparing new elections, which took place in 2007 and were nevertheless won by the TOR.
In 2010 Faure Gnassingbé was re-elected president by a large majority, although in a climate of political instability that in August 2012 saw the occurrence of unrest at the hands of the opposition groups of the Collectif sauvons le Togo (CST), which called for a reform the electoral law to limit the number of presidential terms and greater alternation in power; these protests, severely suppressed by the police, led to the fall of the government and the postponement of the parliamentary elections scheduled for the month of October. Held in July 2013, the consultations saw President Gnassingbé’s party, the Union pour la République (UNIR), obtain an absolute majority and win 62 of the 91 seats in Parliament, while 19 left the opposition coalition CST. ‘ April 2015 Gnassingbé was reconfirmed for a third presidential term with 58.7% of the votes, while in the legislative elections held in December 2018 the politician’s party won 59 of the 91 seats in the National Assembly. Gnassingbé obtained a fourth term with 72.3% of the preferences following the consultations held in February 2020.
Togo weather in March, April and May
Daily temperatures averaging 31 to 33 ° C can be expected over the next three months. The temperatures hardly fluctuate during this time.
Do you want to go on a beach holiday? The water temperatures are in March, April and May at about 28 ° C. This is great weather for a great time on the beach and in the water.
The expected rainfall is around 3 days in March, around 5 days in April and around 9 days in May.
In the period from March to May, the sun shines an average of 7 hours a day.