According to ezinereligion, in 2007, the population of Turkmenistan was estimated to be around 5.2 million people. The main ethnic groups were Turkmens, Uzbeks and Russians. The economy of Turkmenistan was largely based on oil and gas production, with agriculture providing supplementary income. In terms of foreign relations, Turkmenistan had strong ties with its Central Asian neighbors as well as Russia and the United States. In 2007, the President of Turkmenistan was Saparmurat Niyazov who oversaw the government’s day-to-day operations. Political parties had been established in the country since independence with legislative elections taking place in 2008 for both the Mejlis and Halk Maslahaty.
Turkmenistan. In February, Gurbanguli Berdimuchammedov was elected Turkmenistan’s new president. He succeeded “the father of all Turkmen”, the dictator Saparmurat Nijazov, who had died the year before. According to CountryAAH, Ashgabat is the capital city of Turkmenistan. Berdimuchammedov was said to have received close to 90 percent of the vote, and participation was said to be over 98 percent. But this was the first time Turkmenistan held presidential elections with several candidates, and European election observers said that although it was not a free and fair election, it was a step forward in view of the authoritarian rule that prevailed in the country so far.
President Berdimuchammedov gave the outside world some hope for political openness. He reintroduced pensions, maternity benefits and sickness benefits which the former leader withdrew in 2006. He abolished the compulsion for Turkmenist youth to perform two years of practical work before being allowed to study at university. In addition, the new president decided to reintroduce compulsory schooling for ten years, so that Turkmenistani students can get admission to study at foreign universities. Foreign languages and social studies were brought back to the school schedule after returning to study the former leader’s philosophical writings. In February, Turkmenistan’s first Internet cafe was allowed to open in the capital Ashgabat.
- According to abbreviationfinder: TM is the 2-letter acronym for the country of Turkmenistan.
In May, Russian President Vladimir Putin visited Turkmenistan and signed an agreement with the country’s leader and Kazakhstan’s president on a new natural gas pipeline from Turkmenistan’s gas fields on the Caspian Sea through Kazakhstan to Russia. It was seen as a disappointment for the EU, the US and China, all of whom had hoped for future gas imports from Turkmenistan.
In September, President Berdimuchammedov surprisingly attended the UN General Assembly in New York. It was the first time for a Turkmenist leader. In the same month, Berdimuchammedov granted amnesty to 9,000 prisoners. some foreign nationals. In October, the President dismissed the Interior Minister accused of abuse of power and corruption. One sign of the dismantling of the old leader’s personal cult was that the portrait of “the father of all Turkmen” in the future should adorn only one banknote denomination instead of, as before, all.
In November, the EU’s energy commissioner visited Turkmenistan to discuss direct imports of Turkmenistan gas to Europe. In its quest to reduce dependence on Russian energy, the EU attracted far higher prices than Russia paid Turkmenistan for gas, which was then exported to Western Europe with Russian profits. The EU had no immediate success and after the EU visit to Turkmenistan, Moscow agreed to pay 50 percent more for continued imports of Turkmenistan gas.
Turkmenistan weather in March, April and May
Average daily temperatures between 12 ° C and 30 ° C can be expected over the next three months. It gets warmest in May in Azgabat, noticeably cooler in March in Turkmenbaschi. The temperatures in Turkmenbashi are between 12 and 26 ° C and in Asgabat between 16 and 30 ° C.
Do you want to go on a beach holiday? The water temperatures are in March, April and May 9-20 ° C.
In March it rains depending on the region of 5 (Turkmenbashi) to 8 days (Ashgabat), in April to 3 (Turkmenbashi) to 7 days (Ashgabat) and May to 3 (Turkmenbashi) to 5 days (Ashgabat).
In the period from March to May, the sun shines an average of 5 to 10 hours a day. The sunniest weather is in May in Turkmenbashi, but with less sun you will have to make do with Azgabat in March.