Tyr and Jounieh, Lebanon


Tyr. (Sur) 81 km. from Beirut. This city was founded in 2750 BC. The famous story of the abduction by the Greeks of Europe, the daughter of the king of Tyre, is connected with this city. It was one of the richest trading cities of the ancient Mediterranean. The ancient authors of the Bible give us the most vivid ideas about this city, amazing in its beauty, splendor and wealth. The trade routes of the ancient Tyre ran outside Gibraltar to the western shores of Africa and the British Isles.

The most colorful part of Tire is the Fishing Harbor. A unique atmosphere is created by boats painted in different colors and workshops in which boats are built using modern technology. There are also restaurants and cafes where you can relax and have a good time.

The great cultures of the ancient Romans and Phoenicians left their mark on the territory of Tyre in the form of stunning structures, the remains of which have survived to this day.

Phoenician Tyrbyl was the king of the seas, an island city of radiant splendor. It has grown out of its rich far – reaching colonies and its industries her fi o summer in o – dyed fabrics. But he also attracted the attention of the conquerors and among them the Babylonian king Nauchodnezzar and Alex andra V great. Five thousand years of history. Founded at the beginning of the third millennium BC, Tyre, originally consisted of the mainland th e village and I and the modest city of the island, which lie a short distance from the shore. In the first millennium BC, the city outlived its golden in e k. In the 10th century BC Hiram, king of Tyre, added two islands, and later he expanded the city. Phoenician rule began around 815 BC. e., when merchants from Tire founded ali Carthage in North Africa. In the end, their colonies and spread throughout the world Mediterranean and A tlantic, which is why maritime trade flourishes in the city. But prospering and might attract enemies. IN at the beginning of the sixth century c adon. e. N av u hodono s o r, king of Avilon n s k i y, besieged the city – a fortress, the siege lasted for thirteen years. T ir stood firmly, but in the end, the inhabitants of the mainland part of the city refused to not for the safety of the islands. In 332 BC. e. Alexander the Great intended to conquer this strategic coastal base without a war between the Greeks and p e rsam and. He failed to take the city by storm, and he blocked Tyr for seven months. And sno in a T ir u s t o i l. N o ca pits for the construction of a dam and, as soon as the walls of the city were within reach for siege weapons, Aleksandrrazrazru I sewed at the mount. T y r y I Syria fell under Roman rule in 64. BC e. However, for some time, T ire still continued to mint its own s ilver coins. Roman did not build such important structures in the city as a water pipeline, a triumphal arch and a cru p neish and y and p subdrome of antiquity.


On the shore of Juniya Bay, 20 km north of Beirut, there was a one – name resort area. Along the coast, the bays are sandy beaches with many fashionable hotels and hotels surrounded by high mountains in the east mountains L and in an. In summer time u nija becomes the main place for beach holidays in the country. H o tels and Juni and have a developed infrastruc ture, with a concentration of There are many discotheques, night clubs, restaurants and shops, which attracts people here. but eats at the guests. In summer monthly average air temperature +25 – 28 C, water – +25 – 26 C. It is colder in the winter, but the temperature of the uranium never drops to at the left mark, remaining within + 1 0 – 16 ะก. In addition, in the surroundings of the resort area, there are various attractions b n about st i. There is also the famous ” Casino – d – u – Luban ” in the neighborhood of Junea, which is considered one of the best in B lizhnem East, its area 34 thousand s. to w.m.

In the evening, the city turns into a lively center of communication. Coastal beaches turn into romantic restaurants, where numerous people can sit down at a table right by the sea, enjoying the sounds of the surf, and a helpful garcon will serve you quietly and politely. For lovers of noisy communication open beach parties, numerous clubs. Shops and cafes are open until the last customer. Mount Harisa is one of the main attractions of Jounieh. High above the city, stands a huge bronze (today covered in white paint) statue of the Holy Virgin Mary. This 15-ton statue was made in France and transported to Lebanon at the end of the 19th century. The Lebanese call her in the French manner “Notre Dame du Liban” (“The Lebanese Mother of God”) or in Arabic “Seyyidatna Harisa” (“Our Lady Harisa”). Behind the statue rises a modern cathedral made of glass and concrete (1970). According to the architectural design, its facade should resemble a Lebanese cedar, and the back part, made in the form of frames, is a Phoenician ship. Behind it is the Byzantine-style church of St. Paul, the vaults and dome of which are richly decorated with mosaics, including using technology that imitates the famous Byzantine gold smalt. There are about 20 churches and monasteries around Harisa. The oldest church of St. Anthony of Padua was built by Franciscan monks in 1628. Harisa is the residence of the papal nuncio, and nearby, in the town of Bzummar, the residence of the Armenian Catholic patriarch is located.

Jounieh, Lebanon