Western Sahara. Since the United Nations Security Council in April had voted through Resolution 1754, which required Morocco and the Western Sahara Independence Movement Polisario to launch unconditional talks on the V. conflict, the parties met for the first time in over ten years on June 18-19 in direct talks. The meeting, which also included representatives of Algeria and Mauritania, was held outside New York under the leadership of UN Special Envoy Peter Van Walsum. The parties, which met again in August, were allowed to take part in the UN’s assessment of eg. V’s natural resources and local administration. Confidence-building measures were discussed. All parties were said to agree that the current situation was “unacceptable”, but nothing leaked about any concrete progress.
Western Sahara – El Aaiun
El-Aaiún, al-yUyūn, capital of Western Sahara; 196,500 residents (2010). El-Aaiún was the capital of Spanish Sahara in 1940–76. The Arabic name means ‘water sources’ and refers to the water supply of the city from surrounding oases.