Solomon Islands 2007

Oceania
Yearbook 2007 Solomon Islands. In January, an Australian in the Solomon Islands was charged with murder plans against Prime Minister Manasseh Sogavare. Australian press reports claimed that the Australian government should have offered a large sum of money to the person who murdered Sogavare. The relationship between the Solomon Islands and Australia was long overdue because the Solomon Islands government refused to extradite the country's prosecutor, Australian citizen Julian Moti, who in Australia was charged with rape a 13-year-old girl in 1997. According to CountryAAH, Honiara is the capital city of Solomon Islands. The Australian government denied all involvement in the alleged murder plot against Sogavare, and according to the arrested lawyers, the charges against him were baseless. Sogavare in turn accused Australia of undermining the sovereignty of the Solomon…
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Slovenia 2007

Africa
Yearbook 2007 Slovenia. From the turn of the year, Slovenia became the 13th country to join the EU's monetary union EMU. According to CountryAAH, Ljubljana is the capital city of Slovenia. The switch from the old currency tolls to the euro went painlessly, although some consumers complained about price increases. In the autumn, the Slovenians elected a new president. The incumbent President Janez Drnovšek did not stand for re-election. In the first round, the Conservative former prime minister Lojze Peterle won, but in the second, crucial round of elections in November, left candidate Danilo Türk won with almost 70 percent of the vote. For the bourgeois government, it was something of a defeat that the voters appointed a new left president. The President has a largely symbolic role in Slovenia…
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Slovakia 2007

Africa
Yearbook 2007 Slovakia. After last year's economic growth of 7.9 percent, the government feared overheating and rising inflation. Therefore, in March it was decided to write up the value of the Slovak Koruna against the euro by 8.5 percent. According to CountryAAH, Bratislava is the capital city of Slovakia. Economic growth was largely based on foreign investment, especially in the automotive industry. As car manufacturers struck again in Western Europe, they opened new factories in Slovakia. Hyundai, Volkswagen, Peugeot and others was included in the expansion of the automotive industry, which aimed to produce 800,000 cars in 2008, of which 90 percent would be exported. Despite the expansion of industry and the decline in unemployment, in May Slovakia had the highest unemployment rate in the EU of 10.8 percent. In…
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Singapore 2007

Asia
Yearbook 2007 Singapore. In April, Singapore and Indonesia signed a long-awaited extradition agreement from Indonesia. According to CountryAAH, Singapore is the capital city of Singapore. Indonesia had wanted since the Asian crisis in 1997 that Singapore could extradite corruption-suspected Indonesian businessmen who have taken refuge in the neighboring country. On April 13, the country's government banned seven members of the European Parliament, a Cambodian parliamentarian and a Philippine congresswoman from speaking at a democracy forum organized by the Singaporean opposition party SDP. According to the government, the speakers' comments were not of "public interest". The world's largest passenger aircraft, the newly built Airbus A380, made its first commercial flight from Singapore to Sydney in October. The plane was owned by Singapore Airlines, which, after heavy delays, had the so-called Superjumbon…
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Sierra Leone 2007

Africa
Yearbook 2007 Sierra Leone. According to CountryAAH, Freetown is the capital city of Sierra Leone. The UN-backed Special Court for Sierra Leone handed down its first judgments in July. Three members of the Armed Forces Revolutionary Council (AFRC), the military junta that ruled the country illegally in 1997-98, were sentenced to long prison terms for a variety of war crimes, including murder, rape and mutilation. Alex Tamba Brima and Santigie Borbor Kanu were each sentenced to 50 years and Brima Bazzy Kamara to 45 years. In September, two members of the Civil Defense Forces (CDF), a government-friendly militia also known as Kamajor, were sentenced to eight years and six years in prison, for example. murder and cruel treatment of prisoners. CDF's leader, former Interior Minister Sam Hinga Norman, died in…
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Seychelles 2007

Africa
Yearbook 2007 Seychelles. According to CountryAAH, Victoria is the capital city of Seychelles. President James Michel's ruling party, the Seychelles Progressive People's Front (SPPF), retained its 23 seats in the National Assembly following the May 10-12 parliamentary elections. The party, which has ruled since 1977, still has an absolute majority in the parliament, which has a total of 35 seats. The two main opposition parties, the Seychelles National Party (SNP) and the Democratic Party (DP), joined forces in a coalition and gained 11 seats, which was as many as the SNP alone had before. The turnout was close to 86 percent. The SNP had boycotted the National Assembly since October 2006, among other things. in protest of what the party considered to be police violence against protesters. SNP leader Wavel…
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Serbia 2007

Europe
Yearbook 2007 Serbia. In January, a new parliamentary election was announced in the autumn, after a party withdrew from the government coalition. Most votes were given to the Serbian Radical Party (SRS), but more moderate parties did not want to co-operate with the ultranationalist party. After lengthy negotiations, three parties formed government in May. The coalition included President Boris Tadić's West-friendly Democratic Party (DS), the moderate Nationalist Serbia Democratic Party (DSS), and the reform-minded liberal G17 Plus. DSS leader Vojislav Koštunica retained the post of prime minister. According to CountryAAH, Belgrade is the capital city of Serbia. The new government was considered Europe-oriented and in June the EU resumed negotiations on a cooperation agreement. The talks had been put on ice a year earlier because Serbia had not been considered…
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Senegal 2007

Africa
Yearbook 2007 Senegal. According to CountryAAH, Dakar is the capital city of Senegal. Catholic priest Augustin Diamacoune Senghor, one of the leaders of the MFDC (Movement des Forces Democratique de la Casamance) separatist movement in Casamance in the south, died in January in Paris. Before the presidential and parliamentary elections during the year, several interventions were made against independent media, and the authorities banned a demonstration organized by the opposition. Idrissa Seck, who was prime minister in 2002–04, returned in January to President Abdoulaye Wades Senegal's Democratic Party (PDS). He had been released from corruption charges the year before and formed a new party. Still, Seck decided to run for Wade in the February 25 presidential election. Prior to the election, clashes occurred between the President and Seck's supporters. Before…
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Saudi Arabia 2007

Asia
Yearbook 2007 Sauiarabien. According to CountryAAH, Riyadh is the capital city of Saudi Arabia. A verdict against a woman who was subjected to group rape aroused the world's disgust in November. The woman and a male friend of hers were sentenced to 90 whipsaws for having been alone in a car before the rape, a violation of strict Saudi gender segregation laws. When the woman appealed, the sentence was sharpened, because of her contacts with the media, to 200 whips and six months in prison, but in December King Abdullah rescinded the sentence. The seven rapists were sentenced to imprisonment for up to ten years and a thousand whips were each. In October, it was announced that the country's legal system would be modernized. Among other things, two Supreme Courts,…
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Sao Tome and Principe 2007

Africa
Yearbook 2007 São Tomé and Príncipe. According to CountryAAH, Sao Tome is the capital city of Sao Tome and Principe. The World Bank and the International Monetary Fund repaid São Tomé and Príncipe's multilateral debt of US $ 327 million, representing 91 percent of the country's total foreign debt. Debt amortization, a reward for the government's economic reforms, would have been granted as early as 2003 but was postponed due to political instability and ambiguity with the law governing the exploitation of the country's supposed oil resources. During the fall, the small island nation was shaken by three minor revolts within the Ninjas elite police force. The police claimed that they had not received promised financial compensation for participation in special education in Angola in 2003. They occupied the police…
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San Marino 2007

Europe
Yearbook 2007 San Marino. For six months until May, San Marino held the presidency of the Council of Europe's Ministerial Committee. According to CountryAAH, San Marino is the capital city of San Marino. The country first got a US ambassador when Paolo Rondelli was named to the post in July. The year before, the US ambassador to Rome had for the first time been sidelined to San Marino.
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Samoa 2007

Oceania
Yearbook 2007 Samoa. According to CountryAAH, Apia is the capital city of Samoa. The world's oldest head of state, Samoa king Malietoa Tanumafili II, passed away in May 94 years old. He had ruled Samoa since New Zealand independence in 1962. The deceased king, who was called Samoa's father, was followed to the last rest by thousands of residents of the small island nation. Chiefs in traditional mourning costume attended the celebration together with foreign dignitaries. New Zealand's Prime Minister Helen Clark described King Malietoa as "the personification of Samoa's peace and unity". King Malietoa ruled for life but was behind the constitution which states that the head of state will in future be elected by Parliament for a term of five years. In June, the new head of state…
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Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2007

North and Central America
According to CountryAAH, Kingstown is the capital city of St. Vincent and The Grenadines. The December 2005 parliamentary elections were won by the United Labor Party (ULP) and Gonsalves was able to begin his second term as prime minister. The opposition party NDP convened in June 2007 for a demonstration in the capital to protest what was perceived as planned election fraud during the upcoming elections. The NDP accused Gonsalves of giving Cuban workers in the country the right to vote for their support. St. Vincent was joined by Antigua in June 2009 in the Latin American ALBA collaboration. In November 2009, a referendum was held on whether the country should be transformed into a republic, thus finally breaking its connection with Britain. However, the proposal was voted down by…
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Saint Lucia 2007

North and Central America
Yearbook 2007 Saint Lucia. After only four months in the post, Saint Lucia's new Prime Minister Sir John Compton, aged 81, suffered a series of strikes in April. He was then forced to hand over the helm to Stephenson King, who on May 1 became deputy head of government. According to CountryAAH, Castries is the capital city of St. Lucia. King had previously been Minister of Health. Later, King was also given responsibility for issues related to national security, government finances, foreign policy, domestic policy, the labor market and information and media. Compton sought care in the United States, but passed away September 7. Compton, the leader of the ruling United Workers' Party (UWP), was prime minister in the independent Saint Lucia for three periods: 1979, when the kingdom became…
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Saint Kitts and Nevis 2007

North and Central America
According to CountryAAH, Basseterre is the capital city of St. Kitts and Nevis. The island of Liamuiga - "the fertile land" in the language of the Caribbean (the people who originally inhabited the island) - was christened San Cristóbal by Columbus during his second voyage to America in 1493. Yet, it was not until 1623 that Europeans colonized the island when adventurer Thomas Walker made it the first British settlement in the Caribbean. The neighboring island of Nevis was colonized 5 years later. The original Native American population was rapidly exterminated and the British set up plantation operations, in particular producing sugar cane with slave labor from Africa. After many conflicts between France and the UK over the rights to Kitts and Nevis, together with other Caribbean islands with the…
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Rwanda 2007

Africa
Yearbook 2007 Rwanda. According to CountryAAH, Kigali is the capital city of Rwanda. The French counterpart to the Migration Court in February rejected an asylum application from Agathe Habyarimana, widow of Rwanda's former president Juvénal Habyarimana. The reason for the rejection was that she may have been responsible for genocide, which the Rwandan government claimed without hearing since she was given protection in France in 1994. An organization for survivors of the genocide filed a lawsuit against her in a French court. Rwanda requested her extradition and facilitated the possibility of it by abolishing the death penalty in July. About 800 people had their death sentences converted to life imprisonment. The UN-backed War Criminal Court (ICTR) in Arusha, Tanzania, which needs to be relieved, submitted a case to another country…
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Russia 2007

Asia, Europe
Yearbook 2007 Russian Federation. The year was characterized by growing economy, more concentration of power in the Kremlin and hardening foreign policy rhetoric. At the same time, the nomination of Dmitry Medvedev as presidential candidate was seen as a sign of possible liberalization. The energy conflict with the neighboring countries continued. At the turn of the year, the Russian Federation imposed export tax on the oil to Belarus, which responded by taxing Russian crude oil exported to Western Europe through Belarus. Then the Russian Federation temporarily closed one of the world's largest crude oil pipelines to, among other things, Poland and Germany. The EU reacted strongly, explaining that the Russian Federation risked its reputation as an oil and gas supplier. According to CountryAAH, Moscow is the capital city of Russia.…
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Romania 2007

Europe
Yearbook 2007 Romania. "Welcome to Europe!" Romanian President Traian Băsescu greeted thousands of cheering Bucharest residents as the country entered the EU at the New Year seventeen years after the fall of the Communist dictatorship. But the cheer soon fell silent when the President accused Prime Minister Calin Popescu Tariceanu of trying to hide economic crime. According to CountryAAH, Bucharest is the capital city of Romania. The prime minister denied and backed off by accusing the president of undermining the government and himself being the center of shady business. The Prosecutor General was linked and the coalition government was shaken by the conflict between the Democratic Party which supported the President and the National Liberal Party which supported the Prime Minister. The Social Democrats in opposition, who were the country's…
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Republic of the Congo 2007

Africa
Yearbook 2007 Congo. Under chaotic forms, parliamentary elections were held in June and August. Despite protests against major shortcomings in the arrangements, the election was approved, and the ruling Labor Party with allies was declared victors with 124 of the 137 seats. However, the head of the election authority was dismissed. According to CountryAAH, Brazzaville is the capital city of Republic of the Congo. French police opened an investigation against K President Denis Sassou-Nguesso for suspected use of state funds in the purchase of private property in France. A French court also decided to resume the investigation of Sassou-Nguesso's suspected involvement in the disappearance of hundreds of returning Congolese refugees in 1999. The president described the legal cases as "racist" and "colonial". In August, the Global Witness organization, which is…
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Qatar 2007

Asia
Yearbook 2007 Qatar. On April 3, Emir Hamad bin Khalifa appointed his cousin, the country's influential foreign minister Hamad bin Jassem bin Jadr, as new prime minister. The new prime minister also retained the post of foreign minister. According to CountryAAH, Doha is the capital city of Qatar. Former Prime Minister Abdallah bin Khalifa, who is the emir's brother, was reported to have "tired" his office. At the end of September, the state-owned holding company Qatar Holding bought almost 10 percent of the shares in the Stockholm Stock Exchange's owner, OMX. Qatar Holding had plans to buy a larger part of OMX but put those plans on the shelf in December. At a meeting in Qatar in December with the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), member states stuck to plans to…
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Portugal 2007

Europe
Yearbook 2007 Portugal. For the second time in history, Portugal went to the referendum in February on the very sensitive issue of the country's strict abortion law. This time, 59 percent of Portuguese voted to allow abortion through the tenth week of pregnancy. In the first referendum in 1998, the No side won by 51 percent. In both cases, however, turnout was too low (below 50 percent) for the result to be binding. Despite this, the government promised that the law change would be implemented, which happened in July after it was adopted by Parliament in March. In Catholic Portugal, abortion was previously allowed only if the mother's life was at stake, if she became pregnant through rape or if the fetus was severely damaged or malformed. Despite the restrictions,…
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Poland 2007

Europe
Yearbook 2007 Poland. The year began dramatically for Poland's powerful Catholic Church. When Warsaw Archbishop Stanisław Wielgus was formally installed in his office in early January, he resigned instead. The reason was revelations in the press that he was cooperating with the former Communist regime's security service. According to CountryAAH, Warsaw is the capital city of Poland. The Archbishop's prayer followed the Conservative government's determination to settle with Poland's communist past. According to a new law from the turn of the year, hundreds of thousands of people in different professional groups must report whether they have cooperated with the security service. Anyone who refused or gave false information risked losing their employment. The law was met by harsh criticism. The twin brothers Kaczyński, President Lech and Prime Minister Jarosław, were…
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Philippines 2007

Asia
Yearbook 2007 Philippines. Dozens of people were killed during the year in a series of bomb attacks in the south, where several separatist Islamist groups have long been active. According to CountryAAH, Manila is the capital city of Philippines. The separatist groups also continued to be responsible for kidnappings and other abuses against civilians. In July, dozens of government soldiers were found decapitated and stymied after fighting between the Philippine military and rebels in search of a kidnapped Italian priest. At the end of July/August, the government army launched an offensive against hard-line Islamist Abu Sayyaf on the islands of Jolo and Basilan. Much indicated that there was cooperation between Abu Sayyaf and members of the National Liberation Front Moro (MNLF) and Moro's Islamic Liberation Front (MILF), even though these…
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Peru 2007

South America
Yearbook 2007 Peru. The most overwhelming event in Peru during the year was that 69-year-old former president Alberto Fujimori was extradited from Chile in September, where he surprisingly arrived in 2005 after five years of exile in Japan to stand for presidential election in Peru in 2006. According to CountryAAH, Lima is the capital city of Peru. Fujimori was immediately placed in a special prison outside Lima. The deciding factor for the Chilean court's decision was the evidence in the case of the massacres of La Cantuta and Barrios Altos carried out by paramilitary Squadron Colina with Fujimori as the ultimate responsible. He faces 30 years in prison for his participation in the act. He is also charged with violations of human rights, bribery, illegal telephone interception and having known…
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Paraguay 2007

South America
Yearbook 2007 Paraguay. In September, 64-year-old former Lino Oviedo was conditionally released from Viñas Cuif prison outside Asunción, where he has been since 2004 behind a military coup attempt in 1996 and the assassination of Paraguay's Vice President Luís María Argaña in 1999. According to CountryAAH, Asuncion is the capital city of Paraguay. The release, which has been ongoing since the beginning of the year, the political temperature rose for the presidential election in April 2008, which former Bishop Fernando Lugo looked to be able to win for the opposition alliance Concertación Nacional. Opinion polls before Oviedo's release showed that upwards of 70 percent of voters supported Lugo, but also that over 50 percent could think of voting for Oviedo. The ruling Colorado Party candidate Blanca Ovelar came in third…
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Papua New Guinea 2007

Oceania
Yearbook 2007 Papua New Guinea. According to CountryAAH, Port Moresby is the capital city of Papua New Guinea. Papua New Guinea's severe HIV epidemic received tragic attention during the year when it was reported that people with HIV and AIDS were buried alive in remote villages. The relatives must have explained their actions because they were afraid of being infected by the disease themselves. According to the government's National AIDS Council, many people believe that HIV and AIDS are caused by magic and witchcraft. Hundreds of women have been tortured to force confessions, according to an Australian report. A radio reporter described how he saw HIV-infected people being banned from home and forced to spend his remaining days outdoors or in a pigsty. Land area 462,840 km² Total population 7,259,456…
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Panama 2007

North and Central America
Yearbook 2007 Panama. At the end of August, no less than five ministers resigned from the government, and President Martín Torrijos took the opportunity to present a fully re-formed government on the three-year anniversary of his take-over as president on September 1. According to CountryAAH, Panama City is the capital city of Panama. Such government transformations are fairly normal in Panama, but the five departed ministers had incurred a particularly massive popular dissatisfaction. Although Panama's economy is growing at a record level, crime, unemployment and corruption are still unsolved problems. To improve law enforcement, Torrijos appointed a new Minister of the Interior, but still criticized the cops militarization of the police system by simultaneously appointing Severino Mejía, one of the former dictator Manuel Noriega's closest men, as Deputy Interior Minister.…
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Palau 2007

Oceania
Yearbook 2007 Palau. In October, President Tommy E. Remengesau urged the nation to take active action to reduce the effects of climate change. His appeal came after he and Palau's other top politicians had seen US former Vice President Al Gores mentioned the climate film An Inconvenient Truth on a Special Screening. According to CountryAAH, Melekeok is the capital city of Palau. Remengesau specifically addressed congressmen and urged them to participate in environmental work, in particular through the so-called The Micronesia Challenge, which the president himself initiated in 2005. Through the initiative, Remengesau challenges leaders in neighboring Micronesia Federation, Marshall Islands and the US territories of Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands. work with Palau to protect the environment. The goal is to preserve 30 percent of the coastal marine…
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Pakistan 2007

Asia
Yearbook 2007 Pakistan. Pakistan celebrated 60 years as a country near collapse. The year was marked by extremist violence and political chaos. Protests erupted across the country since President Pervez Musharraf dismissed Supreme Court President Iftikhar Chaudhry in March after accusations of unspecified abuse of office. Assessors likely found that Musharraf, before the presidential election to be held towards the end of the year, wanted to get rid of the chief judge, who made himself known as a critical reviewer of the state's actions and defenders of human rights. Musharraf's supposed plans to allow the incumbent, loyal parliament to re-elect him and only then announce new elections to the presidential post, as well as to be re-elected without first leaving the post of defense chief, were expected to lead to…
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Oman 2007

Asia
Yearbook 2007 Oman. According to CountryAAH, Muscat is the capital city of Oman. Forty-nine people perished in the powerful cyclone Gonu that swept across eastern Oman on June 5. It was reportedly the most powerful tropical cyclone ever ravaged the Arabian Peninsula. Large parts of the capital Muskat were flooded and the natural gas terminal in Sur was damaged. In addition to the dead, 27 people were missing after the whirlwind. In the election to the 84 seats of the Majlis al-Shura Consultative Assembly on October 27, 38 members were re-elected and 46 new were elected. There was not a single woman among the elected members, but on November 7, Sultan Qabus ibn Said appointed six women as MPs in non-electable seats. Women have the right to vote and are…
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Norway 2007

Europe
Yearbook 2007 Norway. In his New Year's speech, Prime Minister Jens Stoltenberg explained that his government intends to be the first in the world to buy emission allowances for all government employees' flights abroad, i.e. over 20,000 trips annually. At this spring's Labor Party Congress, the Prime Minister followed up with his party planning to have reduced its carbon dioxide emissions by 10 percent by 2012 compared to 1990, far more than the Kyoto Protocol requires. By 2020, emissions should have decreased by 30 percent and by 2050 Norway will have no greenhouse gas emissions at all, according to Stoltenberg. Former UN chief Kofi Annan, who was visiting the Congress, described Stoltenberg's plan as "number one in the world" and urged all countries to follow suit. According to CountryAAH, Oslo…
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Northern Macedonia 2007

Europe
Yearbook 2007 Northern Macedonia (until 2019 Macedonia). In February, the EU issued an unusually sharply worded warning to Macedonia, which was then a candidate country for just over a year. Enlargement Commissioner Olli Rehn called the development in the country "alarming" and aimed, among other things, on the tensions between the dominant Conservative government party VMRO-DPMNE and the largest ethnic Albanian party BDI/DUI. Demands were set for continued democratization, anti-corruption and reform of the judiciary. According to CountryAAH, Skopje is the capital city of North Macedonia. Some Albanian members, mainly from BDI/DUI, boycotted Parliament during part of the year. Another Albanian party, PDP, first took part in the boycott but joined in May instead of the government coalition. In connection with a debate on changes to the electoral law in…
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North Korea 2007

Asia
Yearbook 2007 North Korea. According to CountryAAH, Pyongyang is the capital city of North Korea. Several steps towards a solution to the international conflict surrounding North Korea's nuclear weapons program were taken during the year. In February, new so-called six-party talks in Beijing led to the regime in Pyongyang promising to close the nuclear reactor in Yongbyon within 60 days and then to close other plants for the production of weapons use plutonium. In addition, IAEA nuclear inspectors would be given access to Yongbyon to monitor the closure. North Korea, for his part, would get fuel oil and other financial aid. The United States pledged to begin normalizing diplomatic relations with Pyongyang, removing North Korea from the list of countries that support terrorism, and removing trade sanctions against the country.…
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Nigeria 2007

Africa
Yearbook 2007 Nigeria. The first months of the year were completely dominated by the preparations for the general elections to be held in April. A fierce and aggressive atmosphere characterized the country. According to CountryAAH, Abuja is the capital city of Nigeria. Vice President Atiku Abubakar, who supported the ruling party in 2006 by criticizing President Olusegun Obasanjo and then switching parties, was disqualified by the electoral commission from running for president in the election because of corruption suspicions. Only a few days before the election, the Supreme Court granted him permission to stand. In the first round, governor and state elections were held, characterized by cheating, threats and violence. About fifty people were killed. The presidential and parliamentary elections a week later also took place in chaotic and violent…
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Niger 2007

Africa
Yearbook 2007 Niger. An old conflict with the Tuaregic minority in the north caught fire at the beginning of the year. The Tuaregs believe that the government has failed to fulfill the promises of work and political influence given in a peace agreement that in 1995 set the stage for an armed uprising. A guerrilla called the Nigerian Justice Movement (MNJ) conducted a series of attacks on military posts, power plants, fuel depots, airfields and mines during the year. At least some 40 army soldiers were killed and several were captured by the guerrillas. The army sent about 4,000 soldiers to reinforce the area around the city of Agadez. According to CountryAAH, Niamey is the capital city of Niger. The resumed guerrilla war coincided with new attempts by the government…
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Nicaragua 2007

North and Central America
Yearbook 2007 Nicaragua. On January 10, the newly elected President Daniel Ortega was installed in his office. Some of his first steps were to lower his own salary by two-thirds and set up a commission, led by the respected Cardinal Miguel Obando y Bravo, who will provide assistance to 300,000 victims of the civil war in the 1980s. At the heart of the domestic political debate during the year, however, was Ortega's proposal to set up so-called Citizens' Council to strengthen democracy, an institution clearly inspired by Hugo Chávez's "Bolivarian circles" in Venezuela. Opposition to the proposal became massive in Congress because it was suspected that the councils would be an extension of the presidential power and thus of the FSLN (Frente Sandinista de Liberación Nacional) ruling party that had…
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New Zealand 2007

Oceania
Yearbook 2007 New Zealand. In May, Parliament passed a new law banning child labor. The law was controversial in some conservative circles. Economy Inflation rate 1.90% Unemployment rate 4.7% Gross domestic product (GDP) 189,000,000,000 USD GDP growth rate 3.00% GDP per capita $ 39,000 GDP by sector Agriculture 5.70% Industry 21.50% Service 72.80% State budget Revenue 45.04 billion Expenditure 40.98 billion Proportion of the population below the national poverty line - Distribution of household income Top 10% k. A. Lower 10% k. A. Industrial production growth rate 2.60% Investment volume 20.1% of GDP National debt 31.70% of GDP Foreign exchange reserves $ 18,320,000,000 Tourism 2014 Number of visitors 2,772,000 Revenue $ 8,400,000,000 New Zealand weather in March, April and May According to Bridgat.com, average daily temperatures between 12 ° C…
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Netherlands 2007

Europe
Yearbook 2007 Netherlands. According to CountryAAH, Amsterdam is the capital city of Netherlands. The Netherlands was given a new coalition government in February following the parliamentary elections held in November 2006. This time, the Christian Democratic CDA, which was still the largest party, formed the government of the second, the Social Democratic Labor Party. The coalition also included the small Christian Union (CU). Christian Democrats leader Jan Peter Balkenende remained as prime minister. One requirement for collaboration that the PvdA made was that around 30,000 asylum seekers would be granted residence permits. These were people who have been in the country since before 2001, when the immigration law was tightened. The amnesty, which was approved by Parliament in June, marked a marked change in price compared to the previous government,…
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Nepal 2007

Asia
Yearbook 2007 Nepal. After a peace agreement in November 2006 ended a ten-year civil war, the Maoist guerrillas in January began storing their weapons in UN-supervised storage. The army began to fulfill its commitment to relinquish the same number of weapons. A provisional constitution gave the former guerrilla representation in Parliament and transferred the executive power to the prime minister. According to CountryAAH, Kathmandu is the capital city of Nepal. King Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah Deb, who had already been deprived of all political powers, was thus also deprived of the formal role of head of state. When calm settled in the mountainous areas, unrest erupted in the lowlands of southern Nepal. The people groups, often Hindus commonly known as madheshi, considered themselves overlooked and demanded increased self-government, better representation…
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Nauru 2007

Oceania
Yearbook 2007 Nauru. According to CountryAAH, Yaren District is the capital city of Nauru. President Ludwig Scotty announced parliamentary elections until August 25. The reason is believed to have been that he sought support for the tough economic reforms that he was beginning to implement to remedy the poor government finances. The election was a victory for the government, which got 15 of the 18 seats in parliament. Scotty and all his ministers retained their mandate. Over 80 candidates competed for the 18 parliamentary seats. The only opposition member to be re-elected was former President René Harris, who was allowed to leave the government after a declaration of confidence in 2004. On August 28, Scotty was re-elected president of the new parliament. He retained his former ministers. In November, three…
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