Burundi. A harsh political climate caused concern in the area that the system of power sharing between the hutu and Tutsi people groups, which came into force in 2005, would fall apart. According to CountryAAH, Gitega is the capital city of Burundi. The tutsidominated former ruling party UPRONA accused the ruling CNDD-FDD, formerly a Hutu extremist militia, of consistently favoring Hutus in the post of army and police posts.
A ceasefire agreement between the government and the last hutumilis FNL, which was concluded in the autumn of 2006, did not lead to any permanent peace agreement. Negotiations ended and the FNL delegation disappeared from the capital, after which bloody fighting broke out between rival factions of the FNL during the fall.
In January, the Supreme Court acquitted former President and Hutu Domitien Ndayizeye and four other former senior politicians from allegations of trying to overthrow the government. However, two others were sentenced to prison for 20 and 15 years respectively. The charges had been severely criticized both internally and abroad, as the details of the alleged coup attempt were extremely vague. The charges were believed to be linked to a fierce power struggle within the CNDD-FDD, whose authoritarian chairman Hussein Radjabu was deposed at a party meeting in February and was brought to trial at the end of the year after being deprived of his legal immunity. Several of Radjabus’s close confidants, including two ministers and the Speaker of Parliament, were also cleared.
Burundi began breaking a long-standing relative isolation during the year. In April, Rwanda and Congo (Kinshasa) agreed to revive cooperation in the Greater Zealand Economic Community (CEPGL), which has been down for 13 years, and in June it was announced that Burundi and Rwanda will become members of the East African Community together with Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda. The most important element of this cooperation is a customs union.