Nepal 2007

Yearbook 2007

Nepal. After a peace agreement in November 2006 ended a ten-year civil war, the Maoist guerrillas in January began storing their weapons in UN-supervised storage. The army began to fulfill its commitment to relinquish the same number of weapons. A provisional constitution gave the former guerrilla representation in Parliament and transferred the executive power to the prime minister. According to CountryAAH, Kathmandu is the capital city of Nepal. King Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah Deb, who had already been deprived of all political powers, was thus also deprived of the formal role of head of state.

When calm settled in the mountainous areas, unrest erupted in the lowlands of southern Nepal. The people groups, often Hindus commonly known as madheshi, considered themselves overlooked and demanded increased self-government, better representation in parliament and precedence for public services in their districts. Repeated clashes between protesters and police demanded dozens of deaths and pushed the government to declare Nepal a federal state.

In April, the Maoists took office in the government and in July the guerrillas were transformed into a political party. However, the general elections for a constituent assembly promised in June were postponed until late autumn for practical reasons.

In the new budget, the apanage of the court was reduced by about 90 percent and most castles were nationalized. The king was only allowed to retain the properties he owned before the throne. A new national anthem was adopted without any textual references to the Kingdom.

The new broad political cooperation encountered problems and in September the Maoists left the government. Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala refused to agree to their demand to immediately declare a republic. He said that issue must be decided by the prospective Constituent Assembly. Despite this, his own party, the Nepalese Congress, shortly afterwards made a recommendation on the transition to the republic. The Nepalese Congress Party, which has been divided into two rival factions since 2002, had previously been reunited.

The renewed political crisis in October prompted the government to postpone the election indefinitely. Among other things, the Maoists demanded a purely proportionate election system, which was interpreted as a fear of otherwise making a bad choice. However, the crisis seemed resolved at the end of December, when the government and parliament met with the Maoists and decided to introduce a republic after the election, which is now scheduled for spring 2008. After the agreement, the Maoists resumed their government posts.

Nepal weather in March, April and May

According to Bridgat.com, average daily temperatures between 24 ° C and 28 ° C can be expected over the next three months. In Kathmandu it gets warmest in May, whereas March is a little cooler.

In the period from March to May, the sun shines an average of 7 to 8 hours a day. The sunniest weather is in Kathmandu in March, but with a little less sun you will have to get by in April.

Kathmandu

Kathmandu [-du: ʹ], Kathmandu, Kāthmāraum, capital of Nepal; 997,900 residents (2011), including suburbs 1. 2 million residentsKathmandu is located 1,330m above sea level. in the Kathmandu valley in the Himalayas between the Baghmati and Vishnumati rivers and on the old trade route from India to Tibet.

This road cuts diagonally through an otherwise fairly regular city plan, designed according to the principles laid down in the Hindu treaty (Manasara).

Kathmandu was given its distinct form under the Hindu ruler Mahendra Malla (1560-74), who had an extensive wooden palace erected as well as the central temple of Talej. In the city center there are also several smaller temples and pagodas. Outside the city itself is the famous Budnath Stupa.

In connection with a major earthquake in April 2015, many historic buildings in and around the city were destroyed.

The city, which is the country’s commercial center, was for a long time very isolated but has in recent decades strengthened contacts with other parts of the country, mainly through an increased domestic flight. Crafts and small industries are important jobs, but about half of the city’s population lives on agriculture. Kathmandu has an international airport and a university.

The city was founded at the latest in the late 900s. It was the capital of the small medieval Nepali kingdom, sometimes in rivalry with other cities, but became the center of its own kingdom at the time of the 1482 division. The city, in particular, experienced a cultural boom in the 17th century. In 1768, K. was conquered by the king of Gurkha and made the capital of the entire Nepalese kingdom.